Sports to Prevent Obesity

Sports to Prevent Obesity Randomized Trial


Patrocinador principal: Stanford University

Colaborador: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Fuente Stanford University
Resumen breve

The purpose of this study is to learn whether overweight children who participate in an after school team sports program improve their health as much as overweight children in a more traditional health education program.

Descripción detallada

There is an urgent need for feasible, effective, and cost-efficient programs to help overweight children control their weight. To start to address this unmet need, we are evaluating after school team sports as an intervention for reducing weight gain among low-income and at-risk of being overweight, and overweight children. After school sports programs may be generalizable, motivating, and cost-efficient interventions for long-term weight control among at-risk and overweight children. The infrastructure needed to provide such programs already exists in most communities. In contrast, more traditional, medically- and behaviorally-oriented treatment programs are expensive, generally not very effective, often inconvenient, and not available in most communities. While children involved in team sports tend to be more physically fit than their uninvolved peers, team sports has not yet been tested as a method to increase involvement of at-risk and overweight children in regular physical activity. As an added bonus, these sports programs can displace typical after school television viewing and snacking. Team sports is a potentially innovative and high impact approach for intervening with at-risk and overweight children, as it may provide an opportunity to reduce weight gain while increasing social interaction and self-esteem. If our proposed research finds that team sports are an efficacious intervention for reducing weight gain among low-income, at-risk and overweight children, it is an intervention approach that could be rapidly diffused and tested for effectiveness. The policy implications of these findings would be great, encouraging expanded access to team sports programs to a population that has not been previously targeted or included.

We propose a 1 year randomized controlled trial comparing weight changes among low-income, overweight children randomized to participate in an after school team sports program versus a traditional weight control/health education program.

Estado general Completed
Fecha de inicio May 2006
Fecha de Terminación July 2008
Fecha de finalización primaria July 2008
Fase N/A
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Resultado primario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Body mass index (BMI) baseline to follow-up
Resultado secundario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Waist circumference baseline to follow-up
Triceps skinfold thickness baseline to follow-up
Resting heart rate baseline to follow-up
Blood pressure baseline to follow-up
Physical activity monitoring baseline to follow-up
Sedentary behaviors baseline to follow-up
Psychosocial measures baseline to follow-up
Inscripción 79

Tipo de intervención: Behavioral

Nombre de intervención: After school team sports program

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: After school sports

Tipo de intervención: Behavioral

Nombre de intervención: After school health education program

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: Health and Nutrition Education



Inclusion Criteria:

- In the participating school district

- 8-11.9 years old

- BMI >= 85th percentile for age and sex on the 2000 Centers for Disease Control (CDC) growth charts

- Clearance to participate from medical care provider

- Willing, able, and available to attend an after school program

- Not planning to move from school district within the next 12 months

- Speaks and reads English or Spanish

- Child has not repeated more than one grade in school

- Completion of signed active informed consent (parent or guardian) and assent (child) to participate, which includes a description of the two interventions and requires their willingness to be randomized.

Exclusion Criteria:

The investigators' goal is to be as inclusive as possible, however, children will not be eligible to participate if they:

- Have a condition that limits their participation in physical activity enough that they are not able to participate in Physical Education at school (e.g. significant structural heart disease)

- Have been diagnosed with a chronic illness that affects their growth and/or weight (e.g. type 1 diabetes, hypothyroidism, inflammatory bowel disease)

- Have taken systemic steroids (oral, intravenous, or intramuscular) for a period of more than 21 days in the past year

- Are taking other medications affecting their growth and/or weight [e.g. methylphenidate hydrochloride (HCL)]

- Are pregnant

- Are unable to complete the informed consent process

Género: All

Edad mínima: 8 Years

Edad máxima: 11 Years

Voluntarios Saludables: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Oficial general
Instalaciones: Stanford Prevention Research Center
Ubicacion Paises

United States

Fecha de verificación

December 2012

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Sponsor

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Número de brazos 2
Grupo de brazo

Etiqueta: After school sports

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: After school team sports

Etiqueta: Health and Nutrition Education

Tipo: Active Comparator

Descripción: Health and Nutrition Education Active Placebo Control

Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: Randomized

Modelo de intervención: Parallel Assignment

Propósito primario: Treatment

Enmascaramiento: Single (Outcomes Assessor)