Bevacizumab and Combination Chemotherapy as First-Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

Phase II Randomized Study of First-Line Therapy Comprising Bevacizumab and Irinotecan Hydrochloride, Leucovorin Calcium, and Fluorouracil (FOLFIRI) Versus Bevacizumab and Irinotecan Hydrochloride and Capecitabine (XELIRI) in Patients With Unresectable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer [ACCORD]

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Patrocinadores

Patrocinador principal: UNICANCER

Fuente National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Resumen breve

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of colorectal cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving bevacizumab together with combination chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective when given together with bevacizumab in treating patients with colorectal cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying bevacizumab to compare how well it works when given together with two different combination chemotherapy regimens as first-line therapy in treating patients with metastatic colorectal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Descripción detallada

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Compare the progression-free survival at 6 months in patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer treated with first-line therapy comprising bevacizumab and irinotecan hydrochloride, leucovorin calcium, and fluorouracil (FOLFIRI) vs bevacizumab and irinotecan hydrochloride and capecitabine (XELIRI).

Secondary

- Compare the toxicities of these regimens in these patients.

- Compare the objective response rate and duration of response in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare the tumor control in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare the progression-free and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, WHO performance status (0 or 1 vs 2), age (< 65 years vs ≥ 65 years), and number of metastatic sites (1 vs ≥ 2). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1 and 2. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may then continue to receive bevacizumab alone every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression.

- Arm II: Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes and irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes on day 1 and oral capecitabine on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may then continue to receive bevacizumab alone every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression.

Quality of life is assessed periodically.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 144 patients will be accrued for this study.

Estado general Unknown status
Fecha de inicio January 2006
Fase Phase 2
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Resultado primario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Progression-free survival at 6 months
Resultado secundario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Percentage of objective responses
Percentage of stable disease responses
Duration of objective response and stable disease
Progression-free survival
Overall survival
Toxicities
Quality of life
Inscripción 144
Condición
  • Colorectal Cancer
Intervención

Tipo de intervención: Biological

Nombre de intervención: bevacizumab

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: capecitabine

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: fluorouracil

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: irinotecan hydrochloride

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: leucovorin calcium

Tipo de intervención: Procedure

Nombre de intervención: quality-of-life assessment

Elegibilidad

Criterios:

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Histologically confirmed colorectal cancer

- Unresectable metastatic disease

- Measurable disease

- No CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- WHO performance status 0-2

- Life expectancy > 3 months

- Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mm³

- Platelet count > 100,000/mm³

- Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL (transfusion allowed)

- INR < 1.5

- Alkaline phosphatase < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Bilirubin < 1.5 times ULN

- AST and ALT < 2.5 times ULN (5 times ULN if liver metastases are present)

- Creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min

- Urine protein < 2+ OR ≤ 1 g/L by 24-hour urine collection

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- No contraindications to study therapy

- No gastrointestinal or duodenal ulcers

- No AIDS

- No serious illness, active infection, or other serious condition that would preclude study therapy

- No coagulation problem

- No bleeding diathesis

- No sensitivity to Chinese hamster ovarian cells or other recombinant human antibodies

- No severe renal insufficiency

- No uncontrolled hypertension

- No active or severe cardiovascular conditions, including the following:

- Cerebrovascular accident

- Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months

- New York Heart Association class II-IV cardiac insufficiency

- Severe cardiac arrhythmia (even if treated)

- No primitive stenosis or symptomatic peritoneal carcinosis causing a risk of intestinal subocclusion or occlusion

- No nonhealing wound or fracture

- No prior thromboembolic disease

- No other cancer within the past 2 years except for basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix

- No geographical, social, or psychological condition that would preclude study participation

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- No prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease

- At least 6 months since prior adjuvant chemotherapy (fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin)

- No prior adjuvant chemotherapy comprising irinotecan hydrochloride with or without bevacizumab

- At least 28 days since prior major surgery

- Prior radiotherapy allowed except to target lesions

- At least 10 days since prior anticoagulants

- No concurrent chronic acetylsalicylic acid (at doses > 325 mg/day)

- No other concurrent investigational therapy

- No other concurrent anticancer therapy

Género: All

Edad mínima: 18 Years

Edad máxima: 75 Years

Voluntarios Saludables: No

Oficial general
Apellido Papel Afiliación
Michel Ducreux, MD, PhD Study Chair Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris
Ubicación
Instalaciones:
C.H.U. de Brest | Brest, 29200, France
Centre Regional Francois Baclesse | Caen, 14076, France
Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer Georges-Francois Leclerc | Dijon, 21079, France
Centre Oscar Lambret | Lille, 59020, France
Polyclinique des Quatre Pavillons | Lormont, 33310, France
Marseille Institute of Cancer - Institut J. Paoli and I. Calmettes | Marseille, 13273, France
Centre Regional de Lutte Contre le Cancer - Centre Val d'Aurelle | Montpellier, 34298, France
Centre Antoine Lacassagne | Nice, 06189, France
Institut Curie Hopital | Paris, 75248, France
Polyclinique Francheville | Perigueux, 24004, France
Institut Jean Godinot | Reims, 51056, France
Centre Eugene Marquis | Rennes, 35062, France
Centre Rene Huguenin | Saint Cloud, 92210, France
Centre Alexis Vautrin | Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, 54511, France
Institut Gustave Roussy | Villejuif, F-94805, France
Ubicacion Paises

France

Fecha de verificación

September 2011

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: Randomized

Propósito primario: Treatment

Enmascaramiento: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov