Pembrolizumab and Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy in Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Pembrolizumab and Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy in Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Patrocinadores

Patrocinador principal: Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust

Colaborador: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Fuente Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Resumen breve

This is a multi-centre non-randomised open-label phase 1 trial of pembrolizumab given in combination with SBRT to part of a pleural-based lesion in patients with unresectable MPM. This study will recruit up to 18 patients whose MPM has progressed beyond first-line of palliative chemotherapy, with a platinum-based doublet, and now requires further palliative systemic treatment, or have declined first-line palliative chemotherapy, however must have been considered suitable for a platinum doublet chemotherapy.

Descripción detallada

The study will be conducted in two parts; an initial safety phase (Part A), followed by an expansion cohort (Part B). The initial safety phase (Part A) is based on a 3+3 design such that patients will be treated in a cohort of 3-6 patients. A maximum of 6 patients will be allocated to Part A exploring SBRT 30 Gy in 3 fractions in combination with pembrolizumab. If there is more than one DLT in the first 3 patients or two or more DLTs in the first 6 patients, this treatment combination will be deemed as being unacceptable and it would lead to termination of the study. During the expansion cohort (Part B), 12 patients will have SBRT 30 Gy in 3 fractions with pembrolizumab to obtain additional safety and response data. Maintenance pembrolizumab will continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicities, the patient withdraws consent to the trial, or the patient has completed 35 cycles of treatment. A maximum of 18 patients will be treated in the study.

All patients will receive pembrolizumab on cycle (C) 1 day (D) 1, in Part A and B of the study. All patients will receive SBRT on C1D15, C1D17 and C1D19, as per SBRT protocol. Patients in part A will receive SBRT 30 Gy in 3#. Patients in Part B will receive 30 Gy in 3 fractions if considered safe after part A. All patients in Part A and Part B will receive pembrolizumab dosed at 200 mg every 3 weeks, until disease progression, unacceptable toxicities, the patient withdraws consent from the trial or the patient has completed 35 cycles of treatment.

In the initial safety cohort, a minimum of 3 patients will be treated at the SBRT dose of 30Gy in 3 fractions combined with pembrolizumab. The gap left between the treatments of each subsequent patient will start after the second cycle of Pembrolizumab in the previous dosed patient to mitigate against multiple patients suffering from acute toxicity. The DLT period for this study is 12 weeks from the last dose of SBRT (i.e. at C6D1). Patients included in Part A will be considered by the Safety Review Committee (SRC) once the 3rd and 6th patient in the Part A cohort has completed the DLT period. If 0 out of 3 patients experience a DLT, or if 1 out of 3 patients experience a DLT in Part A, then the cohort will be expanded to 6 patients. If 1 in 6 patients experience a DLT, then it will be acceptable to move forward to the expansion cohort (Part B).

However, if ≥ 2 in 6 patients (or more than 1 in the first 3 patients) experience a DLT then the maximum administered dose (MAD) will have been reached. If the MAD is seen at a dose level of 30 Gy in 3# then the study will be terminated.

While waiting for 3 or 6 patients to complete the DLT period, no additional patients will be recruited. Further patients can only be recruited after the SRC has reviewed the toxicity data for the cohort to proceed to Part B. Patients obtaining complete response or having completed 35 cycles of pembrolizumab must discontinue and may recommence for additional 17 cycles upon subsequent disease, the CI/PI will need to discuss with the sponsor and MSD, on a case by case basis for the continuation of pembrolizumab

Estado general Not yet recruiting
Fecha de inicio January 2020
Fecha de Terminación November 2021
Fecha de finalización primaria December 2020
Fase Phase 1
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Resultado primario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Toxicity rate, stated as the number of patients who have had a Dose Limiting Toxicity calculated along with an exact binomial 95% confidence interval. All toxicities will be graded by CTCAE v5.0, tabulated by type, grade and dose level. 12 weeks from the last dose of SBRT
Resultado secundario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Number of patients of toxicity (adverse events) using CTC AE v5.0, tabulated by type, grade and dose level defined as up to 12 weeks after the last fraction of stereotactic radiotherapy
Overall response rate (ORR) in Malignant pleural mesothelioma using RECIST v1.1 and mRECIST at 6 and 12 months
Responses rates in epithelioid versus sarcomatoid histological subtypes of MPM using RECIST v1.1 and mRECIST at 6 and 12 months
Response rates in relation to tumour PD-1/PD-L1 expression 12 months
Overall survival (OS) (proportion of patients) at 6 and 12 months
Progression free survival (PFS) (proportion of patients). at 6 and 12 months
Disease control rate (DCR) in Malignant pleural mesothelioma using RECIST v1.1 and mRECIST at 6 and 12 months
Duration of response (DOR) in Malignant pleural mesothelioma using RECIST v1.1 and mRECIST at 6 and 12 months
Inscripción 18
Condición
Intervención

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: Pembrolizumab

Descripción: Pembrolizumab will be continued dosed at 200 mg given every 3 weeks Drug: Pembrolizumab Pembrolizumab in week 1 dosed at 200 mg (prior to SBRT) and then treatment with pembrolizumab will be continued dosed at 200 mg given every 3 weeks.

Otro nombre: Keytruda

Tipo de intervención: Radiation

Nombre de intervención: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT)

Descripción: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) 30 Gy 3 fractions (#)

Otro nombre: SBRT

Elegibilidad

Criterios:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients should be ≥18 years old on the day of signing the informed consent.

2. Patients must have a histological or cytological diagnosis of MPM.

3. Patients should have non-radically treatable MPM (i.e. not being considered for extrapleural pneumonectomy or pleurectomy and decortication).

4. Patients must have measurable disease as assessed by mRECIST (i.e. at least a 1 cm rind of MPM at 2 sites on 3 different levels).

5. Patients must have had disease progression or be intolerant of standard first-line palliative chemotherapy for MPM. Patients who have declined first-line palliative chemotherapy must have been suitable for platinum-doublet combination chemotherapy.

6. Patient should have an ECOG performance status 0-1.

7. Patients should be able to tolerate a course of stereotactic radiotherapy as assessed by the investigator.

8. Patients should have pleural based disease, away from critical structures, and suitable for treatment to part of lesion with SBRT for pleural mesothelioma.

9. Patients must have adequate organ function including MRC dyspnoea score <3 and adequate baseline lung function tests, with an FEV1 > 0.8L or >30% of predicted and a TLCO > 30%.

10. Demonstrate adequate organ function (based on bloods within 10 days of C1D1).

11. Have provided tissue from an archival tissue sample or newly obtained tissue sample.

12. Female patient of childbearing potential should have a negative serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication (C1D1). Female patients of childbearing potential should be willing to use highly effective methods of contraception for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication. Female of childbearing potential is defined as women following menarche and until becoming post-menopausal unless permanently sterile. Permanent sterilisation methods include hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy and bilateral oophorectomy. A postmenopausal state is defined as no menses for 12 months without an alternative medical cause.

13. Male patients should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.

14. Be willing to provide informed consent for the trial.

Exclusion criteria

1. Patients who have taken any investigational medicinal product or have used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of pembrolizumab. Patients are allowed to participate in additional observational studies.

2. Patients who have received prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of pembrolizumab.

3. Patients with a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or be receiving systemic steroid therapy (>7.5 mg of prednisone / >1 mg of dexamethasone or their equivalent dose) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose.

4. Patients with evidence of active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents or an autoimmune disease that is currently quiescent off any treatment, but deemed at risk of a significant flare if treated on this protocol.

5. Patients who have received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways).

6. Patients with evidence of active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Patients with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided the brain metastases are stable and there is no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases.

7. Patients who have had previous radiotherapy to the thorax or other neighbouring region that would preclude the safe administration of SBRT for MPM.

8. Patients with evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis.

9. Patients with evidence of additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.

10. Patients with a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound trial results, interfere with the patient's participation or is not in the best interest of the patient.

11. Patients with psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with patients participation.

12. Patients who are pregnant / breastfeeding or expecting to conceive within the duration of the trial, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose.

13. Patients with a history of HIV, HIV 1/2 antibodies, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C.

14. Patients with any active infection requiring systemic treatment

15. Patients who have received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.

16. Patients with known hypersensitivity to the active substance pembrolizumab or to any of the excipients listed in the IB.

Género: All

Edad mínima: 18 Years

Edad máxima: N/A

Voluntarios Saludables: No

Contacto general

Apellido: Fiona McDonald, Oncologist

Teléfono: +44 (0)20 8915 6083

Email: [email protected]

Ubicación
Instalaciones: Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Ubicacion Paises

United Kingdom

Fecha de verificación

November 2019

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Sponsor

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Número de brazos 2
Grupo de brazo

Etiqueta: Initial safety cohort

Tipo: Other

Descripción: Patients will receive an initial dose of pembrolizumab in week 1 dosed at 200 mg. They will then receive SBRT dosed at 30 Gy in 3 fractions (#) alternate days in week 3. Treatment with pembrolizumab will be continued dosed at 200 mg given every 3 weeks.

Etiqueta: Expansion cohort

Tipo: Other

Descripción: An additional 12 patients will be recruited for this cohort. Patients will receive an initial dose of pembrolizumab at 200 mg in week 1. This will be followed in by SBRT dosed at 30 Gy in 3 fractions (#) alternate days in week 3. Treatment with pembrolizumab will be continued dosed at 200 mg given every 3 weeks.

Acrónimo MESO-PRIME
Datos del paciente Undecided
Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: Non-Randomized

Modelo de intervención: Sequential Assignment

Descripción del modelo de intervención: Initial safety phase followed by an Expansion phase

Propósito primario: Treatment

Enmascaramiento: None (Open Label)

Fuente: ClinicalTrials.gov