Long-Term Effects of Sublingual Grass Therapy

A Randomized, Double-blind, Single-center, Placebo Controlled Study of Sublingual Immunotherapy and Subcutaneous Immunotherapy in Adults With Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis (ITN043AD)

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Collaborator: Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Imperial College London

Source National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Brief Summary

The purpose of this research study is to investigate whether sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT, grass pollen tablets under the tongue) has long term effects in severe hay fever.

Detailed Description

This is a randomized, double-blind, single-center, placebo-controlled, three-arm study comparing SLIT with placebo and SCIT with placebo. The main comparison will be between SLIT and placebo.

Individuals with severe grass pollen hay fever, with or without associated seasonal asthma, will be recruited during the pollen season of March through September 2011. Eligible participants will be randomized to one of the following three treatment arms administered in a double-blind (masked), double-dummy fashion in a 1:1:1 ratio:

- SLIT + SCIT placebo

- SCIT + SLIT placebo

- SLIT placebo + SCIT placebo

Participants will receive treatment over a 2-year period followed by a 1-year blinded (masked) withdrawal phase. Participants will be provided with anti-allergic rescue medications (antihistamine, topical intranasal corticosteroids, and short-acting beta agonists) throughout the study. Clinical endpoint assessments will be performed at prior to initiating their assigned treatment, after 1 and 2 years of treatment, and after the 1-year withdrawal period at 3 years.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date March 2011
Completion Date February 2015
Primary Completion Date February 2015
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Nasal Response to Allergen Challenge 3 years
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Skin Late Phase Response (LPR) to Intradermal Testing Baseline (Time 0) and 1,-2, and -3 years
Skin Early Phase Response (EPR) to Intradermal Testing Baseline (Time 0) and 1, -2, and -3 years
Nasal LPR Baseline (Time 0) and 1, -2, and -3 years
Nasal EPR Baseline (Time 0) and 1, -2, and -3 years
Peak Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS) EPR Baseline (Time 0) and 1, -2, and -3 years
Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF) LPR Baseline (Time 0) and 1, -2, and -3 years
Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF) LPR Area Under the Curve (AUC) Baseline (Time 0) and 1, -2, and -3 years
Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF) EPR Area Under the Curve (AUC) Baseline (Time 0) and 1, -2, and -3 years
Skin Prick Test Endpoint Titration Baseline (Time 0) and 1, -2, and -3 years
Use of Rescue Medications During the Pollen Season 1, -2, and -3 years
Mini Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality-of-Life Questionnaire Score 1, -2, and -3 years
Hay Fever Severity Score 1, 2 and 3 years
Weekly Visual Analog Symptom (VAS) Scores 1, -2, and -3 years
EXPLORATORY: Mechanistic Assessments of Local Immune Responses 1, 2, and 3 years
EXPLORATORY: Mechanistic Assessments of Peripheral Blood Subsets 1, 2, and 3 years
Enrollment 106
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Biological

Intervention Name: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT)

Description: Participants randomized to receive sublingual allergen tablet immunotherapy with placebo injections.

Arm Group Label: SLIT + Placebo

Other Name: Grazax®

Intervention Type: Biological

Intervention Name: Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT)

Description: Participants randomized to receive subcutaneous injection immunotherapy with placebo tablets. Subcutaneous immunotherapy was included as a positive control.

Arm Group Label: SCIT + Placebo

Other Name: Alutard SQ Grass Pollen®

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Placebo

Description: Participants randomized to double-placebo tablets and injections. This group was included as a negative control.

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- A clinical history of grass pollen-induced allergic rhinoconjunctivitis for at least 2 years with peak symptoms in May, June, or July;

- A clinical history of moderate to severe rhinoconjunctivitis symptoms interfering with usual daily activities or with sleep as defined according to the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) classification of rhinitis;

- A clinical history of rhinoconjunctivitis for at least 2 years requiring treatment with either antihistamines or nasal corticosteroids during the grass pollen season;

- Positive skin prick test response, defined as wheal diameter greater than or equal to 3 mm, to Phleum pratense (e.g., Timothy grass);

- Positive specific IgE, defined as greater than or equal to IgE class 2 (0.7 kU/L), against Phleum pratense;

- A positive response to nasal allergen challenge with Phleum pretense, defined as an increase in TNSS greater than or equal to 7 points above baseline;

- For women of childbearing age, a willingness to use an effective form of contraception for the duration of the trial; and

- The ability to give informed consent and comply with study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prebronchodilator forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV1) less than 70% of predicted value at either screening or baseline visit;

- A clinical history of moderate to severe allergic rhinitis, according to the ARIA classification, due to tree pollen near or overlapping the grass pollen season;

- A clinical history of persistent asthma and/or requiring regular inhaled corticosteroids for > 4 weeks per year outside of the grass pollen season;

- A clinical history of moderate- severe allergic rhinitis, according to the ARIA classification, caused by an allergen to which the participant is regularly exposed;

- History of emergency visit or hospital admission for asthma in the previous 12 months;

- History of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease;

- History of significant recurrent acute sinusitis, defined as 2 episodes per year for the last 2 years, all of which required antibiotic treatment;

- History of chronic sinusitis, defined as a sinus symptoms lasting greater than 12 weeks that includes 2 or more major factors or 1 major factor and 2 minor factors. Major factors are defined as facial pain or pressure, nasal obstruction or blockage, nasal discharge or purulence or discolored postnasal discharge, purulence in nasal cavity, or impaired or loss of smell. Minor factors are defined as headache, fever, halitosis, fatigue, dental pain, cough, and ear pain, pressure, or fullness.

- At randomization, current symptoms of, or treatment for, upper respiratory tract infection, acute sinusitis, acute otitis media, or other relevant infectious process; serous otitis media is not an exclusion criterion. Participants may be re-evaluated for eligibility after symptoms resolve.

- Any tobacco smoking within the last 6 months or a history of ≥ 10 pack years;

- Previous treatment by immunotherapy with grass pollen allergen within the previous 5 years.

- Any history of grade 4 anaphylaxis due to any cause as defined by the World Allergy Organization (WAO) grading criteria for immunotherapy;

- History of bleeding disorders or treatment with anticoagulation therapy;

- History of anti-IgE monoclonal antibody treatment;

- Ongoing systemic immunosuppressive treatment;

- History of intolerance to the study therapy, rescue medications, or their excipients;

- For women of childbearing age a positive serum or urine pregnancy test with sensitivity of less than 50 mIU/mL within 72 hours before the start of study therapy;

- The use of any investigational drug within 30 days of the screening visit; or

- The presence of any medical condition that the investigator deems incompatible with participation in the trial.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 65 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Stephen Durham, MD Study Chair Imperial College London
Location
Facility: Royal Brompton Hospital
Location Countries

United Kingdom

Verification Date

May 2017

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 3
Arm Group

Label: SCIT + Placebo

Type: Experimental

Description: Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) + sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) placebo

Label: SLIT + Placebo

Type: Experimental

Description: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) + subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) placebo

Label: Placebo + Placebo

Type: Placebo Comparator

Description: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) placebo + subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) placebo

Patient Data Yes
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov