A Randomised Clinical Trial on the Effect of Group Education on Patients With Occupational Hand Eczema

A Randomised Clinical Trial on the Effect of Group Education on Skin-protective Behaviour Versus Treatment as Usual Among Individuals With Newly Notified Occupational Hand Eczema

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of Copenhagen

Source University of Copenhagen
Brief Summary

Occupational hand eczema (OHE) is a frequent disease which often takes a chronic course. The burden of the disease is high in a personal as well as in a socio-economic context. There is a need for evaluating new strategies to improve the prognosis for OHE patients. The objectives of the study is to evaluate the effect of group education on sick lave, health-related quality of life and disease severity among individuals with newly notified OHE. The trial population consist of individuals from the Capital Region of Denmark and Region Zealand with a suspected skin-related industrial injury notified to the Danish National Board of Industrial Injuries (DNBII). Recruitment is started Juli 2012, and will continue until the designed number of participants have been included. All participants will be assessed in a questionnaire at time T=0 with regard to: self evaluated disease severity, health-related quality of life, skin protective behaviour, knowledge of skin protection, self-efficacy, work-role function and if active in workforce. The participants will then be randomised. The intervention group will be invited to participate in the educative course, and work place visits will be offered. In the intervention group a telephone hot line will be available for further questions concerning these topics. The control group will not have access to any of these interventions. Both intervention group and control group will be contacted every eighth week about number of days of sick leave/absence from workforce. Both groups are re-assessed using a questionnaire at T=12 months. There will be a total of 742 included participants. .

Detailed Description

The hypotheses of the PREVEX trial are: - Early information build on evidence-based skin-protection programmes and work-place visits with counselling in skin care, followed by telephone hotline, will give the participants increased level of knowledge concerning the treatment and prevention of OHE. - Increased level of knowledge concerning prevention and focus on skin care will have a positive impact on skin-protective behaviour and will lower the severity of HE and prevent the development of chronic eczema. - The decrease in severity of HE will decrease sick leave and keep the participants in job, or prevent job loss, or facilitate the re-entry into the workforce. - In total, the intervention will have a positive effect on health-related quality of life.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date July 2012
Completion Date January 2014
Primary Completion Date January 2014
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Sick leave 1 year
Health-related quality of life 1 year
Disease severity 1 year
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
eczema-related sick leave 1 year
Enrollment 770
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Behavioral

Intervention Name: group education

Description: The experimental intervention consists of: A. Group education on general skin-protective behaviour. B. Group education and counselling on work-related skin-protective behaviour, which might extend to a work-place visit. C. Social guidance related to OHE. D. Telephone hot-line for work and case-related problems, maintained by nurse.

Arm Group Label: education in skin care

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Self-reported HE, i.e., individuals answering 'yes' in the questionnaire to the question 'Have you or have you had hand eczema?' - The questionnaire is sufficiently filled in with respect to 'severity of HE' and 'profession'. - Written informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: - Age below 18 years or above 65 years. - Permanently excluded from the workforce. - Inability to understand the Danish language sufficiently to benefit from the course. - Any serious medical condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the evaluation of the results. - Lack of written informed consent.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 65 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Location
Facility: Bispebjerg Hospital
Location Countries

Denmark

Verification Date

November 2015

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: University of Copenhagen

Investigator Full Name: Tove Agner

Investigator Title: professor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: education in skin care

Type: Experimental

Description: The experimental intervention consists of: A. Group education on general skin-protective behaviour. B. Group education and counselling on work-related skin-protective behaviour, which might extend to a work-place visit. C. Social guidance related to OHE. D. Telephone hot-line for work and case-related problems, maintained by nurse.

Label: no intervention

Type: No Intervention

Description: The control group will not have access to the group education, the profession specific information and the social guidance or the telephone hotline.

Acronym PREVEX
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Prevention

Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

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