Unrelated HSCT in Patients With Fanconi Anemia

A Study of Total Body Irradiation, Cyclophosphamide and Fludarabine Followed by Alternated Donor Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients With Fanconi Anemia

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Neena Kapoor, M.D.

Source Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Brief Summary

The protocol is designed for the compassionate treatment of patients with Fanconi Anemia who do not have an HLA-matched sibling donor. The purpose of this study is to determine the likelihood of engraftment in Fanconi Anemia patients using total body irradiation (TBI), cyclophosphamide (CY), fludarabine (FLU) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) followed by an unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplant with T-cell depletion using the CliniMACS device.

Detailed Description

The major obstacle to successful alternate donor HCT for patients with Fanconi Anemia is graft failure. While T-cell depletion decreases the incidence of aGVHD, its effect on improving long term survival is unproven. To potentially improve engraftment rate, we have chosen a relatively new immunosuppressive agent, fludarabine (FLU), FLU is an antineoplastic agent that has been shown to be an effective immunosuppressive agen in BMT conditioning therapy. The addition of FLU to the commonly used preparative regimen of CY and TBU in Fanconi Anemia patients may improve engraftment rates.

Based on all presented data and its outcome, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with the use of total body irradiation (450 cGy), cyclophosphamide (10 mg/kg IV) and fludarabine (35 mg/m2 IV) as preparative cytoreductive therapy has become the standard treatment for the hematologic manifestations of Fanconi Anemia at CHLA. However, the use of Isolex 300i will be replaced by CliniMACS in processing T-cell depletion.

The CliniMACS CD34 Reagent System is an investigational medical device that has not yet been approved by the FDA. This device is used in vitro to select and enrich specific cell populations. When using the CliniMACS CD34 Reagent, the system selects CD34+ cells from heterogenous hematological cell populations for transplantation in cases where this is clinically indicated. Based on the gathered data, CliniMACS has not been a contributing factor in the toxicity of patients, although may have a potential of eliciting "antibody" reactions in some patients, the process has been of significant life-saving benefit as compared to the potential risks.

Overall Status Withdrawn
Start Date March 2011
Completion Date March 2016
Primary Completion Date March 2016
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Event free survival post stem cell transplant 5 years
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Peripheral blood CBC counts for engraftment evaluation 3 years
Chimerism assay for engraftment evaluation 3 years
Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) surveillance after HSCT 3 years
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Biological

Intervention Name: CD34+ selected cells

Description: Compassionate treatment of Fanconi Anemia patients with unrelated bone marrow or peripheral blood HSCT followed by the infusion of CD34+ selected cells using CliniMACS

Arm Group Label: CD34+ selected cells

Other Name: CD34+ selected cells using CliniMACS

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must be > 2 months and < 21 years of age with a diagnosis of Fanconi anemia.

- Patients must have an HLA-A, B, DRB1 identical or 1 antigen mismatched related (non-sibling) or unrelated donor. Patients and donors will be typed for HLA-A and B using serological or molecular techniques and for DRB1 using high resolution molecular typing. (Patients with a 2 antigen mismatched related donor will be eligible for the protocol but evaluated separately).

- Patients with FA must have high risk genotype or aplastic anemia (AA) or myelodysplastic syndrome without excess blasts.

- Aplastic anemia is defined as having at least one of the following:

1. platelet count <20 x 109/L

2. ANC <5 x 108/L

3. Hgb <8 g/dL with at least one of the following:

1. transfusion dependence

2. supportive care toxicity

- Myelodysplastic syndrome with multilineage dysplasia with or without chromosomal anomalies.

- High risk genotype (e.g. IVS-4 or exon 14 FANCC mutations)

- Adequate major organ function including:

- Cardiac: ejection fraction >45%

- Renal: creatinine clearance >40 mL/min.

- Hepatic: no clinical evidence of hepatic failure (e.g. coagulopathy, ascites)

- Karnofsky performance status >70% or Lansky >50%

- Women of child bearing age must be using adequate birth control and have a negative pregnancy test.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Available HLA-genotypically identical related donor.

- The harvested marrow (prior to TCD) should contain a minimum of 2.5 x 108 nucleated cells/kg recipient body weight with a goal of >5.0 x 108 nucleated cells/kg recipient body weight.

- Positive lymphocytotoxic crossmatch against donor (T cells and B cells)

- History of gram negative sepsis or systemic fungal infection (proven or suspected based on radiographic studies).

- Myelodysplastic syndrome with excess blasts or leukemia.

- Active CNS leukemia at time of HCT.

- Malignant solid tumor (e.g. squamous cell carcinoma of the head/neck/cervix) within 2 years of HCT.

- Pregnant or lactating female.

- Prior radiation therapy preventing use of TBI 450 cGy.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 8 Weeks

Maximum Age: 21 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Neena Kapoor, M.D. Principal Investigator Children's Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California
Location
Facility: Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

July 2017

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor-Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Investigator Full Name: Neena Kapoor, M.D.

Investigator Title: Professor of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine; Division Head, Division of Research Immunology/BMT

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: CD34+ selected cells

Type: Other

Description: use of unrelated bone marrow or peripheral blood for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with CD34+ selected cells

Patient Data Yes
Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov