Effect of Enhanced Counseling Using Complementary Feeding Recommendation Based on Linear Programming on Nutritional Status, Omega-3 Fatty Acid, Malondialdehyde, and Alpha-Tocopherol in Children With Risk of Overweight in East Jakarta

Effect of Enhanced Counseling Using Complementary Feeding Recommendation Based on Linear Programming on Nutritional Status,Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Malondialdehyde, and Alpha-Tocopherol in Overweight Children in East Jakarta

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Indonesia University

Collaborator: Danone Institute International

Source Indonesia University
Brief Summary

The epidemic of pediatric obesity has become a public health burden in both developed and developing countries, due to its serious health consequences, including an increased risk of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and heart disease. Currently, dietary and exercise changes are still the center of preventive and treatment measures of obesity. Recently, the omega-3 group, one of the groups of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), has been associated with many positive effects leading to the improvement of many diseases related to obesity. Nevertheless, the consumption of this essential nutrient requires certain ration to optimize its favorable result. Although previous studies have examined the efficacy of dietary counseling approach as treatment for obesity, none of them as explicitly explore the use of linear programming to create a tailored diet containing high omega-3 fatty acid food as a part of dietary counseling in obesity management program among children. Thus, this study is intended to contribute the clinical evidence regarding this area of knowledge, specifically the effects of enhanced counseling containing complementary feeding recommendation on nutritional status, omega-3 fatty acid, malondialdehyde, and alpha Tocopherol among children with risk of overweight aged 12 -23 months in East Jakarta.

Detailed Description

Randomized-Controlled-Trial with two arms of intervention:

1. Control group: receive standard counseling with general existing menu recommendation

2. Intervention group: receive enhanced counseling (additional information on omega-3 fatty acids) with population-based menu ganerated from linear programming (LP)

There is a protocol on stratified block randomization. 2 blocks, stratified by: area, age, BMI-for-age status.

Total sample size for analysis:

Overall: 20 control - 18 intervention Blood sample: 18 control - 14 intervention

Overall Status Completed
Start Date November 2015
Completion Date March 2016
Primary Completion Date March 2016
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Nutritional status 10 weeks
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Omega-3 Fatty Acid in plasma 10 weeks
Malondialdehyde plasma 10 weeks
alpha-Tocopherol plasma 10 weeks
Enrollment 38
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Behavioral

Intervention name: Enhanced Counseling using CFR based on Linear Programming

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- aged 12-23 months old at first counseling

- body mass index more than +1 standard deviation in WHO Z-score

- parent agree to participate in the study by signing informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Children with congenital disease and serious diseases

- Children with parent/caregiver who is illiterate

- Children with parent/caregiver who had communication disability

Gender: All

Minimum age: 12 Months

Maximum age: 24 Months

Healthy volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Location
facility Posyandu di Kelurahan Pisangan Timur, Cipinang, Kayuputih, Rawamangun
Location Countries

Indonesia

Verification Date

June 2016

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: Indonesia University

Investigator full name: Inge Permadhi

Investigator title: Dr. dr. MS SpGK

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Arm group label: Enhanced Counseling using CFR based on LP

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: The counseling will be done by individual face-to-face communications. The intervention's arm will get a counseling with an additional of 7-day cycle with adequate n-3 and optimal n-3/6 ratio for complementary feeding menu obtained from linear programming formulation. The counseling consisted of nutritional status in children aged 12-23 months and how to determine the nutritional status; the principle of balanced diet; definition, function, and source of omega-3; example of menu that contains adequate omega-3. The duration of counseling is approximately 30 minutes, once a week for ten weeks. The mother or caregiver will also receive daily menu for seven days that should be followed during the intervention. The daily menu comprised of 3 main meals and 2 snacks.

Arm group label: General CFR Counseling

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: The control's arm will get general counseling combining balance diet and IYCF principal, which already been used by Ministry of Health, with additional of 7-day cycle menu guidance modified from existing or available menu which can be downloaded for public on Ministry of Health official website. The counseling consisted of nutritional status in children aged 12-23 months and how to determine the nutritional status; the principle of balanced diet based on Ministry of Health's Recommendation, and example of balanced diet menu. The duration of counseling is approximately 30 minutes, once a week for ten weeks. The mother or caregiver will also receive daily menu for seven days that should be followed during the intervention. The daily menu comprised of 3 main meals and 2 snacks.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: Single (Participant)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov