Efficacy and Safety of a 0.1% Tacrolimus Nasal Ointment as a Treatment for Epistaxis in Hemorrhagic Hereditary Telangiectasia (HHT)

Efficacy and Safety of a 0.1% Tacrolimus Nasal Ointment as a Treatment for Epistaxis in Hemorrhagic Hereditary Telangiectasia (HHT) - A Double Blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Multicenter Trial

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Hospices Civils de Lyon

Source Hospices Civils de Lyon
Brief Summary

The recognized manifestations of HHT are all due to abnormalities in vascular structure. Epistaxis due to telangiectases formation is spontaneous, very variable, recurrent in 90% of patients, and associated with severe anemia in 2-10%. They also significantly reduce quality of life.

Improvement in epistaxis has been shown in HHT patients after a liver transplantation. It was hypothesized that the immunosuppressive treatment (FK506) used to prevent rejection may have an anti-angiogenic effect.

The results of Albiñana et al suggest that the mechanism of action of FK506 involves a partial correction of endoglin and ALK1 haplosufficiency, genes responsible for 90% of HHT case.

Tacrolimus ointment is available on the market for the treatment of eczema and can therefore readily be used as it is for nasal administration. Topical nasal administration of tacrolimus may be an easy local ENT treatment that is non-aggressive and results in little trauma for the patient in relation to other first line treatment possibilities.

The main objective of this trial is to evaluate, at 6 weeks after the end of the treatment, the efficacy on the duration of nosebleeds, of 6 weeks tacrolimus nasal ointment application, in patients with HHT complicated by nosebleeds (30 min/6 weeks). Secondary objectives are to evaluate the tolerance throughout the study, the efficacy on anemia and on clinical parameters (nosebleeds, quality of life, epistaxis severity score questionnaire and blood transfusions) and the systemic absorption of nasal administration.

This is a multicenter prospective and double blinded phase I/II trial. A total of 48 patients will be randomized versus placebo using an allocation ratio of 1:1. The ointment (Protopic® at 0.1% or placebo) will be self-administered by the patient with one administration in each nostril twice a day for 6 consecutive weeks.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date May 22, 2017
Completion Date November 8, 2018
Primary Completion Date November 8, 2018
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Percentage of Patients Experiencing an Improvement in Their Nosebleeds up to 12 weeks
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Adverse Events up to 12 weeks
Number of Epistaxis up to 12 weeks
Epistaxis Duration up to 12 weeks
Hemoglobin Level up to 12 weeks
Ferritin Level up to 12 weeks
Quality of Life Assessed by SF36 Questionnaire up to 12 weeks
Severity Epistaxis Score Assessed by ESS Questionnaire up to 12 weeks
The Percentage of Patient With Tacrolimus Detection in the Blood up to 6 weeks
the Level of Exposure of Patient With Tacrolimus Detection in the Blood. up to 6 weeks
Enrollment 50
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Protopic® (Tacrolimus) 0.1% ointment

Description: About 0,1g of ointment is administered by the patient on nasal mucosa of each nostril twice a day for 6 weeks.

Arm Group Label: Protopic® 0.1% (Tacrolimus) ointment

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Placebo

Description: About 0,1g of ointment is administered by the patient on nasal mucosa of each nostril twice a day for 6 weeks.

Arm Group Label: Placebo ointment

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age ≥ 18 years.

- Patients who have given their free, informed and signed consent.

- Patients affiliated to a social security scheme or similar.

- Patients monitored for clinically confirmed HHT (presence of at least 3 Curaçao criteria) and/or confirmed by molecular biology.

- Patient presenting nosebleeds with total duration > 30 minutes for 6 weeks prior to the time of inclusion justified by completed follow-up grids.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Women who are pregnant or nursing (lactating), women of child-bearing potential without reliable contraception.

- Patients not affiliated to a social security scheme.

- Patients who are protected adults under the terms of the law (French Public Health Code).

- Refusal to consent.

- Patients for whom the diagnosis of HHT has not been confirmed clinically and/or by molecular biology.

- Participation in another clinical trial which may interfere with the proposed trial (judgment of the investigator).

- Patients who have undergone nasal surgery in the 6 weeks prior to inclusion.

- Known hypersensitivity to macrolides in general, to tacrolimus or to any of the excipients.

- Patient with an inherited skin barrier disease such as Netherton's syndrome, lamellar ichtyosis, generalized erythroderma, graft-versus-host skin disease, or suffering from generalized erythroderma.

- Patient with CYP3A4 inhibitors treatment, e.g. erythromycin, itraconazole, ketoconazole and diltiazem.

- Patients who have incompletely filled in the nosebleed grids in the 10 weeks preceding the treatment. If there is missing data for more than 7 days, the patient cannot be included.

- Patients who do not present nosebleeds with a total duration of > 30 minutes for 6 weeks prior to the time of inclusion.

- Patients with ongoing immunosuppressive treatment.

- Patients with known and symptomatic immune deficiency

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Location
Facility:
Hôpital Femme Mère Enfant | Bron, France
CHU Estaing | Clermont-Ferrand, France
CHU de Montpellier | Montpellier, France
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

July 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Protopic® 0.1% (Tacrolimus) ointment

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Protopic® 0.1% ointment, packed in blinded tube of 30g.

Label: Placebo ointment

Type: Placebo Comparator

Description: Same formulation as the Protopic® 0.1% ointment but without tacrolimus, packed in blinded tube of 30g.

Acronym TACRO
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov