Oxaloacetate Supplementation for Emotional PMS (OAA4PMS)

April 20, 2018 updated by: Terra Biological LLC

Oxaloacetate Supplementation for Emotional PMS; Measuring Improvements in Depression, Anxiety, Perceived Stress, and Aggression

Emotional Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) affects millions of women worldwide. For Emotional PMS, including depression, anxiety, perceived stress and aggression, there are very few options. Recent observational data suggest that nutritional supplementation with oxaloacetate, a human energy metabolite, greatly reduced the symptoms of Emotional PMS. The aim of this study was to confirm these observations on the effects of oxaloacetate on Emotional PMS symptom severity within a controlled clinical trial setting.

Study Overview

Detailed Description

Oxaloacetate is an energy metabolite found in every cell of the human body. It holds a key place in the Krebs Cycle within the mitochondria, providing energy to the cells. It is also a critical early metabolite in gluconeogenesis, which provides glucose for the heart and brain during times of low glucose. It is critical to human metabolism, proper cellular function and it is central to energy production and use in the body.

Oxaloacetate may affect Emotional PMS through multiple mechanisms. During PMS, there is a large increase in glucose utilization in the cerebellum of the brain in women who are affected with emotional mood swings. Oxaloacetate supplementation has been shown to support proper glucose levels in the body. Having an excess of oxaloacetate allows gluconeogenesis take place upon demand, thereby fueling the brain, and perhaps meeting cerebellum glucose need.

In addition to oxaloacetate's ability to support proper glucose regulation, oxaloacetate affects two chemicals in the brain, GABA and glutamate. Altering the GABA/Glutamate ratio can affect mood. Oxaloacetate supplementation can reduce glutamate levels in the brain via a process called "Glutamate Scavenging". In addition, oxaloacetate supplementation was shown to increase GABA levels in animal models. By both lowering glutamate and increasing GABA, the GABA/Glutamate ratio is affected, which may also help women with Emotional PMS.

This study will investigate oxaloacetate's effect on Emotional PMS using patient completed surveys to measure depression, anxiety, perceived stress, and aggression, and statistically compare these results against placebo (rice flour) and baseline measurements.

Study Type

Interventional

Enrollment (Actual)

48

Phase

  • Not Applicable

Participation Criteria

Researchers look for people who fit a certain description, called eligibility criteria. Some examples of these criteria are a person's general health condition or prior treatments.

Eligibility Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study

18 years to 50 years (Adult)

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

No

Genders Eligible for Study

Female

Description

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women with Emotional Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS),
  • Women who speak English as their primary language
  • Women who understand the Human Consent Form
  • Ability to swallow capsules

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Formal diagnosis of clinical depression
  • Formal diagnosis of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

Study Plan

This section provides details of the study plan, including how the study is designed and what the study is measuring.

How is the study designed?

Design Details

  • Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Interventional Model: Crossover Assignment
  • Masking: Triple

Arms and Interventions

Participant Group / Arm
Intervention / Treatment
Active Comparator: Experimental: Part 1 Oxaloacetate Random
Participants take 2 capsules Jubilance 100 mg Oxaloacetate/150 mg Ascorbic Acid blend per day during their entire menstrual cycle (approximately 28 days) or 2 capsules of 250 mg rice flour (Placebo). After one menstrual cycle, they cross-over to the other option.
2 Pills to be taken orally per day during their entire menstrual cycle
Other Names:
  • Jubilance for Emotional PMS
250 mg rice flour (Placebo)
Active Comparator: Experimental: Part 2 Oxaloacetate Second
Participants take 2 capsules of 250 mg rice flour (Placebo) per day during their entire menstrual cycle (approximately 28 days). After one menstrual cycle, they cross-over to 2 capsules of Jubilance 100 mg Oxaloacetate/150 mg Ascorbic Acid blend.
2 Pills to be taken orally per day during their entire menstrual cycle
Other Names:
  • Jubilance for Emotional PMS
250 mg rice flour (Placebo)

What is the study measuring?

Primary Outcome Measures

Outcome Measure
Measure Description
Time Frame
Depression associated with Emotional PMS
Time Frame: Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Depression as measured during Emotional PMS with Beck's Depression Inventory Survey, which scores depression with 26 questions rated 0 to 3. Total score ranges from 0 to 78. Higher values indicate worse depression.
Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Anxiety associated with Emotional PMS
Time Frame: Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for one entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Anxiety as measured during Emotional PMS with Generalized Anxiety Disorder Survey, which scores anxiety with 7 questions rated 0 to 3. Total score ranges from 0 to 21. Higher values indicate worse anxiety.
Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for one entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Perceived Stress with Emotional PMS
Time Frame: Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for one entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Perceived Stress as measured during Emotional PMS with Cohen's Perceived Stress Survey, which scores perceived stress with 9 questions rated 0 to 4. Total score ranges from 0 to 36. Higher values indicate worse perceived stress.
Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for one entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Aggression with Emotional PMS
Time Frame: Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for one entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Aggression as measured during Emotional PMS with Buss-Perry Aggression Scale, which scores depression with 29 questions rated 1 to 5. Total score ranges from 29 to 145. Higher values indicate worse aggression.
Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for one entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Adverse Event Reporting
Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 60 days (2 menstrual cycles)
Safety of oxaloacetate supplementation in Emotional PMS patients
Through study completion, an average of 60 days (2 menstrual cycles)

Secondary Outcome Measures

Outcome Measure
Measure Description
Time Frame
Suicidal Ideation with Emotional PMS
Time Frame: Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for one entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).
Suicidal Ideation as measured with a subscale of Beck's Depression Inventory, with a scale ranging from 0 to 3 in women who initially record suicidal ideation of greater than 0.
Change from baseline value to value after supplementation for one entire menstrual cycle (about 28 days) for each study arm in cross-over design (3 data points compared 1 at baseline 1 after menstrual cycle 1 and 1 after menstrual cycle 2).

Collaborators and Investigators

This is where you will find people and organizations involved with this study.

Investigators

  • Study Director: Lisa Tully, PhD, Energy Medicine research Institute

Publications and helpful links

The person responsible for entering information about the study voluntarily provides these publications. These may be about anything related to the study.

General Publications

Study record dates

These dates track the progress of study record and summary results submissions to ClinicalTrials.gov. Study records and reported results are reviewed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to make sure they meet specific quality control standards before being posted on the public website.

Study Major Dates

Study Start (Actual)

October 17, 2016

Primary Completion (Actual)

September 1, 2017

Study Completion (Actual)

September 1, 2017

Study Registration Dates

First Submitted

April 6, 2018

First Submitted That Met QC Criteria

April 20, 2018

First Posted (Actual)

April 26, 2018

Study Record Updates

Last Update Posted (Actual)

April 26, 2018

Last Update Submitted That Met QC Criteria

April 20, 2018

Last Verified

April 1, 2018

More Information

Terms related to this study

Other Study ID Numbers

  • EmotionalPMS1
  • TV-OX-108 (Other Identifier: The Institute for Regenerative and Cellular Medicine)

Plan for Individual participant data (IPD)

Plan to Share Individual Participant Data (IPD)?

No

Drug and device information, study documents

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated drug product

No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated device product

No

This information was retrieved directly from the website clinicaltrials.gov without any changes. If you have any requests to change, remove or update your study details, please contact register@clinicaltrials.gov. As soon as a change is implemented on clinicaltrials.gov, this will be updated automatically on our website as well.

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