The Norwegian Tenecteplase Stroke Trial 2

A Randomised Trial of Tenecteplase vs. Alteplase in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Haukeland University Hospital

Source Haukeland University Hospital
Brief Summary

Background: Alteplase is the only approved acute drug treatment in ischemic stroke and aims at dissolving arterial clots causing cerebral ischemia. The overall benefit of alteplase is substantial. However, there is considerable room for improvement as 2/3 of patients with large clots may not achieve reopening of the vessel and up to 40% of the patients remain severely disabled or die. Tenecteplase, a modified tissue plasminogen activator, has been shown to be a more efficient and safer thrombolytic drug than alteplase in pre-clinical studies. Tenecteplase has replaced alteplase as thrombolytic treatment in myocardial infarction and may also be the drug of choice in ischemic stroke. Tenecteplase and alteplase had a similar safety profile in the NOR-TEST trial and there were no differences in efficacy between the two treatment groups. However, a majority of patients had mild stroke which may be associated with a natural favorable prognosis. In spite of these neutral results, tenecteplase has the potential to replace alteplase as the drug of choice, based on a better pharmacological profile and a simpler practical administration. There is, however, need for a higher number of patients to prove the efficacy and safety of tenecteplase. Hypothesis: Tenecteplase 0.4 mg/kg is non-inferior compared with alteplase 0.9 mg/kg.

Detailed Description

Objectives: To compare efficacy and safety of tenecteplase 0.4 mg/kg (single bolus) vs. alteplase 0.9 mg/kg (10% bolus + 90% infusion/60 minutes) a) within 4½ hours after symptom onset; b) within 4½ hours after awakening with stroke symptoms, and c) as bridging therapy within 4½ hours before thrombectomy. Study design: NOR-TEST-2 is a multi-centre PROBE (prospective randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint) trial, designed to establish non-inferiority of tenecteplase as compared with alteplase for consecutively admitted patients with acute ischaemic stroke treated within 4½ hours after symptom onset. Randomisation tenecteplase:alteplase is 1:1. Endpoints: Primary endpoint is functional outcome (mRS 0-1) at 90 days (efficacy). Secondary endpoints include rates of cerebral hemorrhages on CT/MR at 24-48 hours and mortality (safety). Patient recruitment: All patients admitted to hospital with acute ischaemic stroke eligible for standard iv thrombolysis with alteplase and with pre-stroke mRS<3 and NIHSS score of >5 on admission are potentially eligible for NOR-TEST-2. Based on power calculations from NOR-TEST, NOR-TEST 2 aims at including 1036 patients.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date 2019-10-28
Completion Date 2024-05-28
Primary Completion Date 2024-02-28
Phase Phase 3
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Proportion of patients with favorable functional outcome 90 days
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Symptomatic cerebral hemorrhage 24-48 hours
Any cerebral haemorrhage 24-48 hours
Major neurological improvement 24 hours
Functional handicap 90 days
Mortality 90 days
Enrollment 1342
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Tenecteplase

Description: 0.4 mg/kg single bolus intravenously

Arm Group Label: Tenecteplase

Other Name: Metalyse

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Alteplase

Description: 0.9 mg/kg as 10% bolus + 90% infusion/60 minutes intravenously

Arm Group Label: Alteplase

Other Name: Actilyse

Eligibility

Criteria:

General inclusion criteria - 18 years or older - Ischaemic stroke with clinical symptoms corresponding to National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Score (NIHSS) of >5. All stroke sub-types and vascular distributions are eligible. A visible arterial occlusion is not required for inclusion. - Treatment <4½ hours after stroke onset or after awakening with symptoms. - Informed consent by patient or by patient's family Specific sub-set inclusion criteria - Wake-Up Stroke: FLAIR-DWI mismatch on MRI as judged by the (neuro-) radiologist or neurologist. - Thrombectomy: Occlusion of intracerebral artery technically accessible for endovascular embolectomy as defined by local treatment protocols. Exclusion criteria - Prestroke modified rankin scale of ≥3 - Large areas of hypodense ischaemic changes on baseline CT; - Patients with systolic blood pressure >185 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure >110 mm Hg in spite of acute antihypertensive treatment; - Pregnant women (are treated with alteplase); - Women with possible pregnancy (are treated with alteplase) - Beast feeding women, if a 24 hours stop of feeding is not feasible. - Clinical presentation suggesting subarachnoid haemorrhage even if baseline CT is normal; - Known bleeding diathesis; use of oral anticoagulants with no antidot, INR ≥1,4; heparin <48 hours and increased APTT; low molecular weight heparin(oid) <24 hours; another investigational drug <14 days; - Patients with arterial puncture at a noncompressible site or lumbar puncture <7 days; major surgery or serious trauma <14 days; gastrointestinal or urinary tract hemorrhage <14 days; clinical stroke <2 months; history of intracranial haemorrhage; CNS neurosurgery <2 months; serious head trauma <2 months; pericarditis; sepsis; any serious medical illness likely to interact with treatment; confounding pre-existent neurological or psychiatric disease; unlikely to complete follow-up; - Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, puts a patient at risk if treated with thrombolysis.

Gender:

All

Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:

N/A

Healthy Volunteers:

No

Overall Contact

Last Name: Christopher Elnan Kvistad, PhD

Phone: 92422048

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Contact Backup: Investigator: Haukeland University Hospital Halvor Næss, MD PhD Prof +47 55 97 50 00 [email protected] Christopher Kvistad, MD PhD Principal Investigator
Location Countries

Norway

Verification Date

2021-06-01

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Tenecteplase

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Tenecteplase

Label: Alteplase

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Alteplase

Acronym NOR-TEST 2
Patient Data Undecided
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Intervention Model Description: Randomized, controlled multicenter study

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)

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