Efficacy and Safety of Ixazomib and Dexamethasone Refractory Autoimmune Cytopenia

A Prospective Open-label Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Ixazomib and Dexamethasone in Patients With Refractory Autoimmune Cytopenia

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Collaborator: Takeda Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.

Source Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Brief Summary

Some patients with antibody-mediated autoimmune hematological diseases (warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (wAIHA), cold agglutinin disease (cAIHA) and immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)) shows no or only minor and transient response to therapy despite several treatment-lines. Such patients are more likely to have a severe disease, with a higher morbidity and mortality. Hypothesis Effective depletion of autoreactive plasma cells might be the key for a curative approach of these diseases. Therefore, there is a rationale for using proteasome inhibitors (PIs) in these refractory patients. The rationale is that non-tumoral autoreactive plasma cells are rapidly targeted by proteasome inhibitors. It led us to propose a short course of dexamethasone and ixazomib (5 cycles), to evaluate the safety/efficacy of this innovative strategy of treatment. Method Prospective interventional uncontrolled single arm open study evaluating the rate of patients achieving 5 cycles of ixazomib and dexamethasone without severe toxicity and response on therapy.

Overall Status Withdrawn
Start Date September 1, 2019
Completion Date September 1, 2023
Primary Completion Date March 1, 2023
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Rate of patients achieving a response (CR+R) with 5 cycles without severe toxicity (grade III/IV) 6 months
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Number of patients responding to treatment (CR+R) At Day 28, Day 56, Day 84, Day 112, 6 months, 9 months and 12 months.
Number of patients experiencing a A treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) along the course of the study. Up to 12 months
Gammablobulin level (and isotype) along the study Day 28, Day 56, Day 84, Day 112, 9 months and 12 months
Number of infectious events along the study Up to 12 months
Number of bleeding manifestations according to the French bleeding score for ITP patients At Day 28, Day 56, Day 84, Day 112, 6 months, 9 months and 12 months.
Protective antibody titers (measles, mumps, tetanus) (Ancillary Study) Day 0, Day 84, 6 months, 9 months and 12 months
Number of pathogenic circulating plasmablasts (Ancillary study) Day 0, 28, 56, 84, 112 months 6, 9, 12 months
Number and program of bone marrow pathogenic plasma cells for patients with refractory disease (Ancillary study). Day 0, 6 months
Anti-platelets/red blood cells antibodies (Ancillary study) Day 0, Day 84, 6 months
Level of serum cytokines (Ancillary study) Day 0, Day 28, Day 56, Day 84, Day 112 and 6 months , 9 months , 12 months
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Ninlaro

Description: Oral ixazomib will be given on days 1, 8, 15 of a 28-day cycle, the investigator will start with first test dose levels of ixazomib of 3 mg and process with dose escalation, in case of non-response and no severe adverse events at cycle 1 (see above) or de-escalation in case of response and severe adverse events.

Arm Group Label: Ixazomib

Other Name: Ixazomib

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: ITP patients: 1. Age >= 18 years 2. Diagnosis of ITP according to the international definition (Rodeghiero et al Blood 2009) 3. Platelets count < 30 x 109/L or <50 x 109/L if presence of hemorrhagic events or other reason left up to investigator discretion within the months preceding inclusion. 4. Multirefractory ITP defined as patients who have previously failed to maintain a response after rituximab (anti-CD20), splenectomy, and romiplostim and eltrombopag, except if patients have any contraindications or refused these treatments wAIHA patients 1. Age >= 18 years 2. Diagnosis of wAIHA , symptomatic anemia and a positive direct antiglobulin test 3. Refractory AIHA who have previously failed to maintain a sustained response after rituximab (anti-CD20) and splenectomy except if patients have any contraindications or refused these treatments. For all patients; 1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1,000/mm3 2. Gammablobulin level > 7 g/l 3. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3x ULN. 4. Calculated creatinine clearance >=30 mL/min 5. Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to future medical care. Exclusion criteria 1. Major surgery within 14 days before enrollment. 2. Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14 days before study enrollment. 3. Female patients who are lactating or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period. 4. Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months. 5. Systemic treatment, within 14 days before the first dose of ixazomib, with strong CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, azathioprine), or use of St. John's wort. 6. ) Positive HIV test and/or hepatitis virus C infection and/or positive hepatitis B virus surface antigen or core antibody (HbsAg or HBcAb) and/or Active Varicella or Herpes and zoster infection. 7. Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol. 8. Known allergy to any of the study medications, their analogues, or excipients in the various formulations of any agent. 9. Known GI disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of ixazomib including difficulty swallowing. 10. Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before study enrollment or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease. Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection. 11. Unable to comply with study and follow-up procedures due to psychiatric disorders or any other reason. 12. Inflammatory central nervous system disorder. 13. Patient has >=Grade 3 peripheral neuropathy, or Grade 2 with pain on clinical examination during the screening period. 14. Participation in other clinical trials, including those with other investigational agents not included in this trial, within 30 days of the start of this trial and throughout the duration of this trial. 15. Patients that have previously been treated with ixazomib, or participated in a study with ixazomib whether treated with ixazomib or not. 16. Total bilirubin ≥ 1.5 x the upper limit of the normal range (ULN).

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Matthieu Mahevas Principal Investigator Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Location
Facility: Mahevas
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

December 2018

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: Ixazomib

Type: Experimental

Description: Oral ixazomib will be given on days 1, 8, 15 of a 28-day cycle, in combination with dexamethasone 20 mg weekly. The investigator will start with first test dose levels of ixazomib of 3 mg and process with dose escalation, in case of non-response and no severe adverse events at cycle 1 (see below) or de-escalation in case of response and severe adverse events.

Acronym Ixa-Cyto
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Intervention Model Description: Prospective interventional uncontrolled single arm open study evaluating the rate of patients achieving 5 cycles without severe toxicity and response on therapy: Interventional clinical study phase IIb , Non-comparative, Not randomised, Not controlled, Unblinded. Oral ixazomib will be given on days 1, 8, 15 of a 28-days cycle, in combination with dexamethasone 20 mg weekly. The investigator will start with first test dose levels of ixazomib of 3 mg and process with dose escalation, in case of non-response and no severe adverse events at cycle 1 or de-escalation in case of response and severe adverse events.

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov