Dual REctcal Angiogenesis or MEK Inhibition radioTHERAPY Trial

Dual Phase I Studies to Determine the Dose of Cediranib (AZD2171) or AZD6244 to Use With Conventional Rectal Chemoradiotherapy

Patrocinadores

Patrocinador principal: The Christie NHS Foundation Trust

Colaborador: Cancer Research UK
AstraZeneca

Fuente The Christie NHS Foundation Trust
Resumen breve

To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of AZD6244 or AZD2171 when combined with pre-operative capecitabine and radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.

Descripción detallada

The best curative resection rates reported for patients with operable rectal cancer treated with standard chemoradiotherapy are approximately 50-60%.The pathological complete response rates are only 10-20%. Therefore, there is a need for more effective treatment. In this trial we will evaluate the combination of chemoradiotherapy with either a VEGFR (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor) or MEK (MAP Kinase)inhibitor.

Aims

1. Define the tolerability, MTD (maximum tolerated dose) and DLT (dose limiting toxicities) of chemoradiotherapy in combination with

- cediranib, a VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor that inhibits angiogenesis or

- AZD6244, a potent MEK inhibitor that inhibits cell proliferation

2. Define a dose suitable for phase II evaluation

3. Test the impact of the combination on soluble and imaging (FLT-PET and DCEMRI/DWI) biomarkers to guide their use in phase II testing Summary Patients will receive standard chemoradiotherapy plus ascending doses of AZD6244 or cediranib from day -10 (relative to start of chemoradiotherapy) to day 35. If feasible, patients' tumours will be resected 10-12 weeks after treatment. Translational studies on available tissue and blood will be performed and DCE-MRI/DWI and FLT-PET will be carried out on 5 patients in the expanded cohort for AZD6244 (FLT-PET and DCE-MRI) and 5 patients in the expanded cohort for cediranib (DCE-MRI).

Cohorts Cediranib - 15mg od, 20mg od and 30mg od AZD6244 - 50mg bd and 75mg bd

Estado general Terminated
Fecha de inicio July 2010
Fecha de Terminación September 2016
Fecha de finalización primaria October 2013
Fase Phase 1
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Resultado primario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
To determine the MTD (maximum tolerated dose) of AZD6244 or AZD2171 when combined with pre-operative capecitabine and radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. At point of surgery (10-12 weeks post treatment)
Resultado secundario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Grade 3 or 4 toxicity Up to point of surgery and long-term effects monitored for 3 years post treatment
Radiotherapy compliance for the 5 weeks of chemoradiotherapy
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)Response Rate 8 weeks post chemoradiation - at point of MRI scan
Histologically confirmed R0 resection rate 10-12 weeks post chemoradiation - at time of surgery
Pathological Complete Response (pCR) 10-12 weeks post chemoradiation - at point of surgery
Morbidity - post operative and long term 3 years post chemoradiation
To explore biological and radiological markers of response or toxicity Various timepoints up to point of surgery
Inscripción 31
Condición
Intervención

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: AZD6244

Descripción: Dose finding trial AZD6244 cohort 1 - 50mg bd AZD6244 cohort 2 - 75mg bd Capsule form, given for 10 days as single agent then for 35 days in combination with standard chemoradiotherapy

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: AZD6244 + capecitabine + radiotherapy

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: Cediranib (AZD2171)

Descripción: 10 days single agent dosing with Cediranib then 35 days in combination with standard chemoradiotherapy AZD2171 cohort 1 - 15mg od AZD2171 cohort 2 - 20mg od AZD2171 cohort 3 - 30mg od Oral tablets

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: Cediranib + capecitabine + radiotherapy

Otro nombre: AZD2171

Elegibilidad

Criterios:

Inc Criteria:

- Histologically confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma

- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and triphasic CT (computerised tomography) defined locally advanced rectal cancer:

- Mesorectal fascia involved or

- Mesorectal fascia threatened or

- Any T3 tumours < 5cm from the anal verge

- Primary resection unlikely to achieve clear margins

- No previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy for rectal cancer

- Bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 x109/l and platelet count >100 x109/l

- Hepatobiliary function: serum bilirubin <1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); serum ALP <5 x ULN; serum transaminase (AST or ALT) <2.5 x ULN

- Renal function: Serum creatinine clearance >50mL/min by either Cockcroft-Gault formula or EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) clearance

- ECOG PS(Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status) 0-1

- Disease can be encompassed within a radical radiotherapy treatment volume

- No pre-existing condition which would deter radiotherapy, e.g. fistulas, severe ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, prior adhesions

- For women of child-bearing potential a negative pregnancy test is required and adequate contraceptive precautions such as a condom for their partner must be used. For men - adequate contraception must be used.

- Fit to receive all study treatments

- Able to comply with oral medication and protocol

- Signed, written and dated informed consent.

- Life expectancy ≥ 3 months.

Exc Criteria:

- Concurrent uncontrolled medical illness, or other previous/current malignant disease likely to interfere with protocol treatments

- Age<18

- Any pregnant, lactating women or potentially childbearing patients not using adequate contraception

- Previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy for rectal cancer

- Metastatic disease

- ECOG PS>1

- Patients who have very significant small bowel delineated within the radiation fields.

- Current or impending rectal obstruction (unless defunctioning stoma present), metallic colonic rectal stent in situ

- Pelvic sepsis.

- Uncontrolled cardiac, respiratory or other disease, or any serious medical or psychiatric disorder that would preclude trial therapy or informed consent.

- Cardiac conditions as follows:

- Uncontrolled hypertension (resting BP ≥150/95mmHg despite optimal therapy)

- Heart failure NYHA Class II or above

- Prior or current cardiomyopathy

- Atrial fibrillation with heart rate >100 bpm

- Unstable ischaemic heart disease

- Refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, or significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption of trial drug

- Patients who are deemed unsuitable for surgery because of co-morbidity or coagulation problems.

- Recent (<14 days) major thoracic or abdominal surgery prior to entry into the study or a surgical incision that is not fully healed which would prevent administration of study treatment

- Known DPD (dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase)deficiency

- Patients suffering from any condition that may affect the absorption of capecitabine or IMP (investigational medical product)

- Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic disease, active infection, active bleeding diatheses or renal transplant, including any patient known to have Hep B, Hep C or HIV

- Mean QTc with Bazetts correction >470msec in screening ECG or history of familial long QT syndrome

EXC CRITERIA (AZD6244 cohorts)

- KRAS (Kirsten ras sarcoma viral oncogene) wild-type

- Prior treatment with a MEK inhibitor

- Baseline LVEF (left ventricular ejection fraction) ≤50%

EXC CRITERIA (Cediranib cohorts)

- Known hypersensitivity to Cediranib or any of its excipients

- Greater than +1 proteinuria on two consecutive dipsticks taken no less than 1 week apart unless urinary protein < 1.5g in a 24 hr period or protein/creatinine ratio < 1.5.

- Significant haemorrhage (>30mL bleeding/episode in previous 3 months) or haemoptysis (>5mL fresh blood in previous 4 weeks)

- APTT ratio > 1.5 x ULN

- Arterial thromboembolic event (including ischemic attack) in the previous 12 months

Género: All

Edad mínima: 18 Years

Edad máxima: N/A

Voluntarios Saludables: No

Oficial general
Apellido Papel Afiliación
Mark P Saunders, MBBS Principal Investigator The Christie NHS Foundation Trust
Ubicación
Instalaciones: The Christie NHS Foundation Trust
Ubicacion Paises

United Kingdom

Fecha de verificación

January 2016

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Principal Investigator

Afiliación del investigador: The Christie NHS Foundation Trust

Nombre completo del investigador: Suzanne Rowland

Título del investigador: Clinical Trial Project Manager

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Número de brazos 2
Grupo de brazo

Etiqueta: AZD6244 + capecitabine + radiotherapy

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: 10 days single-agent dosing AZD6244 Then 35 days dosing of AZD6244 in combination with standard chemoradiotherapy

Etiqueta: Cediranib + capecitabine + radiotherapy

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: 10 days single agent dosing with Cediranib (AZD2171) then 35 days dosing of AZD2171 in combination with standard chemoradiotherapy

Acrónimo DREAMtherapy
Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: Non-Randomized

Modelo de intervención: Single Group Assignment

Propósito primario: Treatment

Enmascaramiento: None (Open Label)

Fuente: ClinicalTrials.gov