Comparative Study for the Degree of Biological Changes After Short-term 2 Weeks and 4 Weeks Preoperative Endocrine Therapy in Luminal Breast Cancer

Comparative Study for the Degree of Biological Changes After Short-term 2 Weeks and 4 Weeks Preoperative Endocrine Therapy in Luminal Breast Cancer

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University

Source Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Estrogen can promote proliferation of tumor cells in hormone receptors (HR)-positive breast cancer. The standard therapy of Luminal subtypes is endocrine therapy, which can influence proliferation of tumor cells by blocking the use of estrogen by cancer cells or lowering the amount of estrogen the body makes. Thus, markers of proliferation are candidate markers of efficacy after short-term (e.g., 2 weeks or 4 weeks) preoperative hormone therapy. Ki-67 is most commonly used among these markers. In contrast to the absolute value, the degree of Ki-67 changes which consider the baseline values would be better to reflect the sensitivity of therapy. It is not yet known whether the degree of Ki-67 changes after 2 weeks or 4 weeks presurgery endocrine therapy is different and which interval is more suitable to assess therapy sensitivity.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying to compare the degree of Ki-67 changes after 2 weeks or 4 weeks preoperative endocrine therapy and to determine a more appropriate interval to assess hormone therapy sensitivity in women who are undergoing surgery for HR-positive, Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date July 2019
Completion Date July 2025
Primary Completion Date July 2023
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Percentage Change From Pre-treatment to Post-treatment in Ki-67 Labelling Index 2 weeks or 4 weeks endocrine treatment before surgery
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Disease Free Survival (DFS) 5 years post-randomisation
Overall Survival (OS) 5 years post-randomisation
Enrollment 185
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Endocrine therapy

Description: Use before surgery for 2 weeks. Choice of endocrine therapy is according to guidelines and centre policy.

Arm group label: Arm I (2 weeks preoperative endocrine therapy))

Other name: tamoxifen, Letrozole, Anastrazole, Exemestane, etc.

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Endocrine therapy

Description: Use before surgery for 4 weeks. Choice of endocrine therapy is according to guidelines and centre policy.

Arm group label: Arm II (4 weeks preoperative endocrine therapy)

Other name: tamoxifen, Letrozole, Anastrazole, Exemestane, etc.

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Signed the informed consent.

2. Female aged between 18 and 70 years.

3. Pathologically diagnosed operable invasive breast cancer meeting the following criterias:

- Hormone receptor (HR)-positive: pathologically diagnosed estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and/or progesterone receptor (PR)-positive;

- Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative: FISH or immunohistochemistry (IHC).

4. WHO Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1.

5. Newly diagnosed breast cancer.

6. The important organ functions meet the following criterias:

- WBC >=3.0 x 10^9/L; Neutrophilic granulocytes >=1.5×10^9/L; Platelet >=100 x 10^9/L; Hb >=9 g/dL;

- Total bilirubin no more than 1.5 times the normal upper limit (ULN); AST and ALT no more than 1.5 times ULN; AKP no more than 2.5 times ULN;

- Serum creatinine no more than 1.5 times ULN or Clearance rate of creatinine >= 60ml/min;

- Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) <= ULN (T3, T4 levels need to be detected simultaneously if abnormalities, the patient can be included if T3, T4 levels is normal);

- LVEF basement >= 50%.

7. Able to swallow tablets.

8. Pregnancy test (serum or urine HCG test within 72h before enrollment) must be negative in non-surgical sterilization or women of childbearing age, must be not for the nursing and be willing to take non-pharmacological contraception during treatment (such as intrauterine device, condom, etc).

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Evidence of distant metastasis.

2. Bilateral or multiple unilateral breast tumors with different histological characteristics (such as ER/PR/HER2 status, tumor grade or type, etc).

3. Any invasive malignancy diagnosed within previous 5 years (other than successfully treated cervical carcinoma in situ, skin basal cell carcinoma or cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma).

4. Prior radiotherapy, chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy etc.

5. Concurrent use of HRT or any other estrogen-containing medication (including vaginal estrogens) within 4 weeks.

6. Prior use of estrogen implants.

7. Prior use of high-dose systemic corticosteroids (except as antiemetic treatment), immunotherapy, or biological response modifiers (e.g., interferon, etc).

8. Use of an unlicensed or other investigational drug within 4 weeks.

9. Any severe comorbidities, inability to give informed consent or unavailability for follow-up, including but not limited to any of the following:

- Heart failure above NYHA class 2 level; high-risk uncontrollable arrhythmia; unstable angina pectoris; myocardial infarction within 1 year; valvular heart disease with clinically significance or requiring intervention.

- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requires treatment.

- Chronic liver disease (cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, etc).

- Cerebrovascular accident occurred within 6 months.

- Severe epilepsy or central nervous system diseases.

- Hypertension which cannot be well controlled by antihypertensive drugs.

- Abnormal coagulation, bleeding tendency, or receiving thrombolysis or anticoagulant therapy.

- Chronic renal insufficiency.

- Active infection.

- Psychiatric disability, etc.

10. Pregnant or nursing females.

Gender: Female

Minimum age: 18 Years

Maximum age: 70 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Contact

Last name: Shicheng Su, M.D., Ph.D.

Phone: +86 13631304227

Email: [email protected]

Location
facility status contact contact_backup Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital Shicheng Su, M.D.,Ph.D. +86 13631304227 [email protected]
Location Countries

China

Verification Date

July 2019

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University

Investigator full name: Shicheng Su

Investigator title: Director of Shuhua Breast Cancer Research Center of Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Arm group label: Arm I (2 weeks preoperative endocrine therapy))

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: Patients receive endocrine therapy before surgery for 2 weeks. Choice of endocrine therapy is according to guidelines and centre policy.

Arm group label: Arm II (4 weeks preoperative endocrine therapy)

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: Patients receive endocrine therapy before surgery for 4 weeks. Choice of endocrine therapy is according to guidelines and centre policy.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov