Pudendal Enhancement of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for Reconstructive Surgery (PEERS)

Pudendal Enhancement of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for Reconstructive Surgery (PEERS)

Patrocinadores

Patrocinador principal: University of California, Los Angeles

Fuente University of California, Los Angeles
Resumen breve

Patients will undergo their vaginal reconstructive surgery in the usual manner, but will also be randomly assigned on the day of surgery to either receive the extra injection of numbing medication at the onset of surgery or not. The chances they will be assigned to the additional injection is 50%. Their care in the hospital and after surgery will be the same. They will participate in the study for a total of 6 weeks during which time they will be asked to complete two phone surveys, during which a provider will check in on pain level and pain medication use, and one office visit at 6 weeks. The office visit is part of their routine care and would be a scheduled visit regardless if they participated in the study or not. If they are unable to return to the office for a postoperative visit at 6 weeks, they will be contact by phone instead to obtain information on satisfaction with postoperative care, any complications after surgery, and overall how they are doing after surgery.

Descripción detallada

PROTOCOL SUMMARY AND/OR SCHEMA

To determine whether administration of a PNB at time of vaginal reconstructive surgery can reduce use of narcotics and reported pain scores in the immediate postoperative period within the setting of multimodal postoperative pain control of ERAS. Women >18yo undergoing vaginal reconstructive surgery without a hysterectomy will be randomized to either standard of care with typical use of local anesthetic during their surgery versus perioperative PNB in addition to typical use of local anesthetic during their surgery. PNB will be performed with 0.5% bupivacaine and 10cc will be injected bilaterally. All patients will be on a standard preoperative and postoperative multimodal pain regimen. Patients will be followed until 6 weeks after surgery.

OVERVIEW OF STUDY DESIGN/INTERVENTION

This will be a prospective blinded randomized controlled trial. We will recruit women who are undergoing vaginal prolapse repair surgery with a Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery fellowship-trained provider within the UCLA Health System. Women will be recruited prior to undergoing vaginal reconstructive surgery. They will then be randomized to control group with standard of care with local anesthesia used during surgery (Group 1) or PNB in addition to use of local anesthesia typically used during surgery (Group 2).

All pain medication will be standardized. Preoperative medications per our ERAS protocol will include oral acetaminophen 1000mg, gabapentin 600mg, and celecoxib 400mg. During surgery the patient will undergo their randomized intervention as either Group 1 or Group 2. Postoperative medications per our ERAS protocol including scheduled acetaminophen 1,000mg PO every 6 hours and ketorolac 30mg IV every 6 hours. For supplemental pain medication patients will have the following available: tramadol 50mg PO every 6 hours as needed for moderate pain (pain 4-6/10 on NRS scale), tramadol 100mg PO every 6 hours as needed for severe pain (pain 7-10/10 on NRS scale), and oxycodone 5mg PO every 4 hours as needed for breakthrough pain as supplemental pain medication. If the above regimen does not allow for sufficient pain control then additional hydromorphone IV 0.2mg or morphine IV 2mg can be ordered by the provider as needed, but will not be standard in the postoperative order set. The providers will know what intervention the patients underwent, but the patients and the care team obtaining pain scores in the hospital will be blinded to the intervention.

The patients' pain scores on the numeric rating scale (NRS) and supplemental opioid use measured in morphine milligram equivalent (MME) will be tracked during their hospitalization, which is typically a 23-hour observation. They will then be called at 48 hours for further follow-up on pain score by NRS and asked how much opioid medication they have taken since leaving the hospital and their overall satisfaction with their pain control. To help with the determination of supplemental pain medication used and pain scores, the patients will be provided a worksheet upon discharge that outlines their recommended medication routine, allows them to record their supplemental opioid medication use with dose and time, and also provides space for them to record their pain score at 48 hours post operatively. The patient will then be contacted at 2 weeks after surgery to determine if they have returned to normal activities (walking, sitting, and performing daily household tasks comfortably) and if so at what point this occurred, as well as their overall satisfaction with their postoperative pain control again. The two week contact will be either a phone call or clinic visit depending on the provider's preference for patient follow-up. The last point of contact will be at 6 weeks to determine time to return to normal activities, if they had not met this milestone at the 2-week contact, and again assess their overall satisfaction with their postoperative pain control. If a patient is discharge same day instead of admitted for 23-hour observation they will also receive a call at 24 hours postoperative to check on pain score and supplemental pain medication used.

Estado general Recruiting
Fecha de inicio November 14, 2019
Fecha de Terminación November 1, 2022
Fecha de finalización primaria November 1, 2021
Fase Phase 4
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Resultado primario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Narcotic use 24 hours after surgery
Narcotic use 48 hours after surgery
Resultado secundario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Pain scores 0-2 hours, 2-4 hours, 4-8 hours, 8-12 hours, 12-24 hours, and 48 hours after surgery
Return to normal daily activities 2 weeks after surgery and 6 weeks after surgery
Patient satisfaction with postoperative recovery 48 hours after surgery, 2 weeks after surgery, and 6 weeks after surgery
Length of hospital stay Tracked by hour through time of patient discharge (0 - 72 hours)
Inscripción 80
Condición
Intervención

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: Local anaesthetic

Descripción: Local anesthesia injections

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: Group 1: Local Anesthesia

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: Pudendal Nerve Block plus anesthesia

Descripción: Local anesthesia injections plus a pudendal nerve block

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: Group 2: Local Anesthesia plus Pudendal Nerve Block

Elegibilidad

Criterios:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Female

- Age > 18 years old

- English speaking

- Undergoing vaginal reconstructive surgery of at least 2 compartments (anterior vaginal wall, posterior vaginal wall, and/or apical suspension including hysteropexy, uterosacral ligament suspension, or sacrospinous ligament fixation)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Hysterectomy at time of surgery—is variable in duration which may affect response to PNB

- Inability to tolerate opioids—allergy or medical contraindication

- Inability to tolerate local anesthetic agents—allergy or medical contraindication

- Inability to tolerate NSAIDS—allergy or medical contraindication

- Inability to tolerate acetaminophen—allergy or medical contraindication

- Coagulation disorder

- Chronic pain syndrome using opioid medication on a regular basis prior to surgery

Género: Female

Basado en el género: Yes

Descripción de género: Women over the age of 18 undergoing vaginal reconstructive surgery without a hysterectomy

Edad mínima: 18 Years

Edad máxima: 99 Years

Voluntarios Saludables: No

Contacto general

Apellido: Tamara Grisales, MD

Teléfono: 310-983-1023

Email: [email protected]

Ubicación
Instalaciones: Estado: Contacto: University of California, Los Angeles Sonali Namiranian 310-794-9095 [email protected]
Ubicacion Paises

United States

Fecha de verificación

November 2019

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Principal Investigator

Afiliación del investigador: University of California, Los Angeles

Nombre completo del investigador: Tamara Grisales

Título del investigador: Principal Investigator

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Número de brazos 2
Grupo de brazo

Etiqueta: Group 1: Local Anesthesia

Tipo: Active Comparator

Descripción: Standard of care with local anesthesia used during surgery

Etiqueta: Group 2: Local Anesthesia plus Pudendal Nerve Block

Tipo: Active Comparator

Descripción: Pudendal Nerve Block (PNB) in addition to local anesthesia used during surgery

Datos del paciente No
Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: Randomized

Modelo de intervención: Parallel Assignment

Descripción del modelo de intervención: This will be a prospective blinded randomized controlled trial. We will recruit women who are undergoing vaginal prolapse repair surgery with a Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery fellowship-trained provider within the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Health System. Women will be recruited prior to undergoing vaginal reconstructive surgery. They will then be randomized to control group with standard of care with local anesthesia used during surgery (Group 1) or PNB in addition to use of local anesthesia typically used during surgery (Group 2).

Propósito primario: Supportive Care

Enmascaramiento: Double (Participant, Care Provider)

Descripción de enmascaramiento: The providers will know what intervention the patients underwent, but the patients and the care team obtaining pain scores in the hospital will be blinded to the intervention

Fuente: ClinicalTrials.gov