Combination Chemotherapy in Patients With Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome and Tumors of the Pancreas

Evaluation of Chemotherapy With Streptozotocin Combined With 5-Fluorouracil and Adriamycin in Patients With Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome and Metastatic Non-Beta-Islet Cell Neoplasm


Lead Sponsor: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Source National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Brief Summary

Patients with Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome suffer from ulcers of the upper gastrointestinal tract, higher than normal levels of gastric acid, and tumors of the pancreas known as non-beta islet cell tumors. Prior to the use of drugs to cure the ulcers, patients typically died due to severe ulcers. Because of such effective drugs to treat the ulcers it is more common to see patients dying due to the pancreatic tumors. The study will observe patients suffering from Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome and non-beta islet cell tumors and determine the effectiveness of combined chemotherapy with streptozotocin, 5-fluorouracil, and doxorubicin.

Detailed Description

Heretofore morbidity and risk of death in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome were caused by severe ulcer disease. The advent of specific drugs to cure ulcer disease now extends life until metastases from the non-beta-islet cell tumor cause death. The present study proposes to continue to test the effect of combined chemotherapy with streptozotocin, 5-fluorouracil and doxorubicin in biopsy-proven cases of metastatic non-beta-islet cell tumor in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. We published our initial experience with this protocol in 1988. An objective response was observed in 40% of patients.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date 1978-09-01
Completion Date 2003-08-01
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Enrollment 999

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: combined chemotherapy with streptozotocin, 5-fluorouracil, and doxorubicin



INCLUSION CRITERIA Subjects selected for this study will be patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome who are being evaluated under the protocol entitled "Diagnostic Evaluation of Patients with Suspected Abnormalities of Gastric Secretion" (80-DK-0123). Histologically proven gastrinoma; Evidence of metastatic disease or locally invasive tumor by angiography, ultrasound, computerized axial tomography, MRI scan or bone scan; Progression of the tumor during the preceding 6 months. EXCLUSION CRITERIA The following pre-existing conditions will exclude patients from the study: Congestive heart failure; Proteinuria greater than 1 gram/day; Serum creatinine greater than 1.5 mg%; Platelet count less than 100,000/mm3; White blood count less than 2500/mm3; Pregnancy.



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Facility: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date


Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Study Design Info

Primary Purpose: Treatment

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