Factors Predicting Response to Shunting in Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Factors Predicting Response to Shunting in Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of California, Irvine

Source University of California, Irvine
Brief Summary

The research project is designed to determine which combination of tests will enable physicians to predict whether a patient with symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) will improve with a shunt.

Detailed Description

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a potentially reversible progressive neurological condition disproportionately affecting the elderly population. Given current controversies regarding its exact definition, accurate incidence and prevalence figures are elusive. NPH was first described forty years ago as a triad of symptoms consisting of gait difficulties, urinary incontinence, and memory problems in patients with enlarged ventricles in the absence of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). The cause of primary, or idiopathic NPH (INPH) remains elusive, while secondary NPH results from intracranial insults such as head trauma, meningitis, or intracranial hemorrhage. NPH can be successfully treated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting. However, the accurate diagnosis and treatment of patients with NPH remains problematic, despite significant advances in brain imaging and ICP physiology. Objectives - The primary aims of this study are: 1. to confirm the ability of external lumbar drainage to increase the success rate of selectively shunting patients with NPH compared to historical controls 2. to refine the diagnosis of NPH by determining whether the factors that change before and after lumbar drainage will predict failure to improve after shunting. A related aim is to assess the complications attributable to lumbar drainage. 3. to perform a preliminary evaluation of programmable shunt valves for NPH compared to historical controls using fixed-pressure valves. A related aim is to determine whether post-op objective analysis of gait, cognitive function and urinary symptoms will help refine the programmable shunt setting on an individual basis. Secondary study aims include: Investigating the pathophysiology of NPH by: 1) correlating cortical vein compliance measured by MRI flow quantification studies with CSF pressure waveform analysis; 2)assessing funduscopic changes before and during ELD; 3) performing and cross correlating CSF chemical analysis on screening positive and negative patients as well as screening-positive patients who are shunt responsive versus unresponsive.

Overall Status Terminated
Start Date March 2006
Completion Date April 2009
Primary Completion Date April 2009
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Evans Ratio initial and follow-up visits
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, and Speech Therapy 30 min per clinic visit
Enrollment 24
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Device

Intervention Name: Programmable Shunt Insertion (Codman, Medtronic)

Description: Medical Device - Shunt insertion surgery of adjustable valve and laparoscopic assistance for placement of peritoneal catheter. Patient will be brought to operating room suite where general anesthesia is induced. Patient will be placed with a small roll on shoulder, supine, on the operating room table. Patient's head will be turned with the parietal area uppermost in the field. Patient will be prepared and draped in the usual sterile fashion. Site prep includes parietooccipital area, side of neck, chest, and entire abdomen. Ventricular catheter placed and then attached to shunt valve. Catheter is then fitted over grooved blue burr hole guide. Excess catheter pulled down to pull valve into pocket on the skull. Sterile dressings applied.

Arm Group Label: Comparison for patients of lumbar drain and shunt surgery

Intervention Type: Behavioral

Intervention Name: Assessments in physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy

Description: Follow-up testing to be administered by trained Physician Assistant in the outpatient setting on an approximately monthly basis: 10m walk, timed up-and-go, Mini-Mental Status Exam, 9-hole Grooved Pegboard, Motor Visual Perception Test (MVPT), Modified Rankin Score (MRS)

Arm Group Label: Comparison for patients of lumbar drain and shunt surgery

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Walking difficulties in both legs which has developed gradually, not explained by other conditions, either in combination with mental impairment and urinary incontinence - Brain CT or MRI findings of enlarged ventricles compared to established standards (minimum Evans ratio of 0.30 as measured by reviewing films) - Mental impairment must be mild to moderate, emerging with or after the walking difficulties - Age > or = 18 years old - MMSE (Mini-mental status exam): < or = 10 - Urinary incontinence Exclusion Criteria: - No or only minimal walking difficulties combined with severe dementia - Severe medical problems with limited life expectancy (less than six months) - Contraindications to surgery - Lack of informed consent

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Laura Pare, MD, FRCSC Principal Investigator UC Irvine
Location
Facility: University of California, Irvine - Medical Center
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

December 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: Comparison for patients of lumbar drain and shunt surgery

Type: Experimental

Description: Subjective comparisons made for patients - before and after external lumbar drain, before and after shunt surgery. Device: Programmable Shunt Insertion (Codman Medtronic) Behavioral: Assessments in physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy Follow-up testing to be administered by trained physician assistant in the outpatient setting on an approximately monthly basis: 10m walk, timed up-and-go, mini-mental status exam, 9-hole grooved pegboard, motor visual perception test (MVPT), modified rankin score (MRS)

Acronym NPH
Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov