CD34+ (Non-Malignant) Stem Cell Selection for Patients Receiving Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

CD34+ Stem Cell Selection for Patients Receiving a Matched or Partially Matched Family or Unrelated Adult Donor Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Non-Malignant Disease

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Diane George

Source Columbia University
Brief Summary

This study's goal is to determine the frequency and severity of acute graft versus host disease, to evaluate incidence of primary and secondary graft rejection, to assess event free survival and overall survival, to determine the time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment, to determine the time to immune reconstitution (including normalization of T, B and natural killer (NK) cell repertoire and Immunoglobulin G production), and to establish the incidence of infectious complications including bacterial, viral, fungal and atypical mycobacterial and other infections following CD34+ selection in children, adolescents and young adults receiving an allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant from a family member or unrelated adult donor for a non-malignant disease.

Detailed Description

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a condition that results from a reaction of transplanted donor T-lymphocytes against the body and organs of the patient receiving the transplanted cells. There are two forms: acute (early) and chronic (late). Acute GVHD may produce skin rashes, liver disease, diarrhea, and an increased risk of infection. Chronic GVHD can appear in patients without prior acute GVHD. Chronic GVHD may also produce skin rashes, liver disease, diarrhea and an increased risk of infection. GVHD can make patients very sick, and have GVHD can make it more likely that patients will not survive their transplant. In this study, the investigators are offering to treat the donor peripheral blood stem cells in the hope that it will make it less likely for the patient who receives them from having GVHD. Patients on this study are being offered an experimental treatment involving the use of the CliniMACS® Reagent System (Miltenyi Biotec, Germany), a CD34+ selection device to remove T-cells from the peripheral blood stem cell transplant in order to decrease the risk of acute and chronic GVHD. CD34+ stem cells are selected from the donor's peripheral blood stem cells. In doing this, T-cells are also removed. T-cells are the cells which are responsible for graft versus host disease (GVHD). This study is a clinical trial for patients diagnosed with a non-malignant disease who will receive a peripheral blood stem cell transplant. Patients with the following types of non-malignant diseases can participate in this study: Bone marrow failure syndromes (including Severe Aplastic Anemia, Severe Congenital Neutropenia, Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia (Kostmann's Syndrome), Diamond-Blackfan Anemia, Schwachman Diamond Syndrome, Primary Immunodeficiency Syndromes, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromes, and Histiocytic Disorders) and Hemoglobinopathies (including Sickle Cell Anemia and Sickle/Beta Thalassemia). Patients on this study will be given standard transplant therapy with either high doses of chemotherapy drugs or lower doses of chemotherapy drugs, depending on their disease. Diseases within each disease group will receive chemotherapy that is standard for that condition. Some patients on this study will receive an allogeneic stem cell transplant (AlloSCT) from a matched related donor. If a patient does not have a matched related donor, a bone marrow search will be done at all of the bone marrow banks in the world. The patient will then go on to receive an AlloSCT from either a partially matched family member or an unrelated adult stem cell transplant donor. The transplanted cells will allow all the normal parts of the patient's blood system to recover. The experimental portion of this treatment involves the use of a Miltenyi CliniMACS CD34+ selection device to remove T-cells from the peripheral blood stem cell transplant in order to decrease the risk of acute and chronic GVHD. CD34+ stem cell selection AlloSCT has been studied in adults with the malignant and non-malignant disease with successful engraftment and has shown some improvement in GVHD. It is unknown if CD34+ stem cell selection will work to prevent severe GVHD in children and adolescents.

Overall Status Active, not recruiting
Start Date 2013-03-01
Completion Date 2030-01-01
Primary Completion Date 2022-01-01
Phase Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Incidence of acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) 100 days
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Incidence of primary graft failure 1 year
Survival Rate 5 years
Time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment 1 year
Time to immune reconstitution 2 years
Incidence of infectious complications 2 years
Incidence of secondary graft failure 1 year
Enrollment 37
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Biological

Intervention Name: CD34 Stem Cell Selection Therapy

Description: The CliniMACS (PLUS) Reagent System (Miltenyi CliniMACS CD34+ Cell Selection Device) will be used to remove T-cells from the peripheral blood stem cell transplant in order to decrease the risk of acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD).

Arm Group Label: CliniMACS PLUS followed by chemotherapy

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - General Eligibility (All Patients) - Patient must be < or = 40 years of age. Patients with sickle cell anemia must be at least 2 years of age. - Patient or the patient's legally authorized guardian must be fully informed about their illness and the investigational nature of the study protocol (including foreseeable risks and possible side effects) and must sign an informed consent in accordance with the institutional policies approved by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. - Approval for the use of this treatment protocol by the individual institution's Human Rights Committee must be obtained, in accordance with the institutional assurance policies of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. - Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing will be performed by high-resolution molecular DNA typing for HLA Class I A, B, and C and HLA Class II DRB1 and DQB1 alleles. - Unrelated donor: An 8/10, 9/10 or 10/10 matched unrelated adult donor (MUD) will be required for study entry. - Related Donor: A 5/10, 6/10, 7/10, 8/10, 9/10 or 10/10 matched (or partially matched) family donor will be required for study entry. - Non-malignant Disorders per protocol. - Hemoglobinopathies per protocol. - Requirement for CD34+ stem cell selection for a second infusion of stem cells following an allogeneic stem cell transplant from a related or unrelated adult donor. - Additional eligibility for patients with non-malignant disorders receiving myeloablative conditioning - Adequate renal function as determined by the institutional normal range. - Adequate liver function per protocol. - Adequate cardiac function defined by radionucleotide angiogram or echocardiogram. - Adequate pulmonary function by pulmonary function test. For children who are uncooperative, no evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry >94% on room air. - Additional eligibility for patients with non-malignant disorders receiving reduced intensity conditioning - Adequate renal function as determined by the institutional normal range. - Adequate liver function per protocol. - Adequate cardiac function per protocol. - Adequate pulmonary function per protocol. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with documented uncontrolled infection at the time of study entry are not eligible. - Pregnancy/Breast-Feeding Females who are pregnant or breast feeding at the time of study entry are not eligible. -- The following additional exclusion criteria for patients with sickle cell anemia the following exclusion criteria also apply - Patients with bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver. - Uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infection in the past month. - Seropositivity for HIV. - Patients who have received prior hematocrit (HCT) within three months of enrollment for reduced intensity regimen and within six months for myeloablative regimen/reduced toxicity regimens.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: N/A

Maximum Age: 40 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Diane George, MD Principal Investigator Columbia University
Location
Facility: Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital, New York-Presbyterian, Columbia University
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

2020-06-01

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor-Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Columbia University

Investigator Full Name: Diane George

Investigator Title: Assistant Professor of Pediatrics

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: CliniMACS PLUS followed by chemotherapy

Type: Experimental

Description: Patients will receive a pre-transplant conditioning regimen of Busulfan Fludarabine and Alemtuzumab. For patients with pre-transplant hepatic dysfunction, Melphalan will be substituted for the Busulfan. For patients receiving a second transplant or a "boost", pre-transplant conditioning based on the clinical condition of the patient will be determined by the Principal Investigator and the patient's bone marrow transplantation (BMT) physician. The donor peripheral blood stem cells will undergo CD34+ selection (Biological/Vaccine: CD34 Stem Cell Selection Therapy). The CliniMACS (PLUS) Reagent System will be used to remove T-cells from the peripheral blood stem cell transplant in order to decrease the risk of acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD).

Patient Data Undecided
Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

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