Ureteric Visualization: Vitamin B Vs 5% Dextrose in Water

Optimal Ureteric Visualization At the Time of Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery: Vitamin B Versus 5% Dextrose in Water

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Mount Sinai Hospital, Canada

Collaborator: Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Women's College Hospital

Source Mount Sinai Hospital, Canada
Brief Summary

Background: The risk of ureteric injury at the time of pelvic reconstructive surgery can be as high as 3% and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has stated that intraoperative cystoscopy should be done after all such procedures. Intravenous indigo carmine was routinely given during surgery to colour the urine bright blue and allow for assessment of ureteric integrity. In 2014, indigo carmine was no longer available worldwide and since then, surgeons have been searching for suitable alternatives. Vitamin B is a water soluble vitamin that colours the urine bright yellow and can be given immediately before surgery to help with ureteric visualization. Alternatively, 5% dextrose in water (D5W) can be used as the instillation fluid during cystoscopy to allow for urine jet visualization due to the difference in fluid viscosity. Both agents have been shown to be better than instillation with normal saline and are affordable and accessible in Canada.

Objective: To identify which agent is superior for intraoperative ureteric visualization at the time of cystoscopy by determining the difference in detection rate of both ureteric jets using either preoperative oral vitamin B or intraoperative cystoscopic distension with D5W.

Methods: This study will be a three-site (Mount Sinai Hospital, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Women's College Hospital), double-blinded, randomized control trial whereby female patients undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery will be randomized to receive either preoperative vitamin B or intraoperative D5W cystoscopic instillation fluid. Parameters measured during surgery will include whether both ureteric jets were seen, time to visualization of both ureters, colour of jets, and surgeon satisfaction. Patients will also be seen at one week after surgery to assess for urinary tract infection. Sample size calculation based on previous studies demonstrated a need for 125 patients per study arm.

Anticipated Clinical Significance: The findings of this study will be relevant to all surgeons performing intraoperative cystoscopy where ureteric visualization is required. The investigators believe the outcome of this study will help make cystoscopy shorter and more efficient for surgeons who often feel the pressure of time constraints within the operating room setting. In turn, decreasing the time of cystoscopy may reduce operating times which will benefit both the patient and hospital.

Detailed Description

Study design This study will be a double blinded, randomized control trial (RCT) to compare detection rates of one and both ureteric jets at the time of intraoperative cystoscopy using either vitamin B or D5W. This will be a multicentre study with patients being recruited from Mount Sinai Hospital, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, and Women's College Hospital.

RECRUITMENT AND CONSENT Female patients undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery where cystoscopic ureteric visualization is required will be recruited from Mount Sinai Hospital/Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre/Women's College Hospital at their surgical consult in the clinic/ambulatory setting. At that time, one of the study investigators (not the operating physician for that particular patient) will describe the study to the patient and give her the study consent form if she is interested in participating (Appendix 1). For any patients recruited or considering the study, they will be asked to stop all vitamin supplements one week before surgery. If the patient cannot decide on the day of the surgical consult, they can go home with an unsigned consent form to review the study and on the day of surgery they will once again be asked if they would like to participate in the study by a study investigator (not involved with the patient's surgery). Once the patient has read and voluntarily signed the consent form, the same study investigator will open a sequentially numbered opaque sealed envelope that will provide a study identification number for the patient and randomize the patient to either receiving a preoperative dose of vitamin B or intraoperative cystoscopic distension with D5W. The patient and operating surgeons will not be made aware of the group the patient was allocated to.

SAMPLE SIZE CALCULATION There is only one study in the literature that has commented on ureteric visualization after vitamin B ingestion. In this study, they report a 72% detection rate. If we consider a 15% difference in detection rate to be clinically significant, then with a power of 0.8 and an alpha of 0.05, the minimum number of patients required per group would be 113. We anticipate a 10% drop out rate after consent due to intraoperative issues. Therefore, we will recruit 125 patients per study arm.

METHOD

Upon recruitment to the study, the study investigator that did the consent will then complete the Initial Information Form where the following information will be collected from the patient (this information is also already available in the clinical record):

- Age

- Parity

- BMI

- Smoking status

- Diabetic status

- Menopausal status

- Immunocompromised status

- Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Quantification (POP-Q) stage

- Preoperative use of vaginal estrogen

- History of recurrent UTI

Patient packages will be created and assigned a patient number. For those randomized to the vitamin B group, the package will consist of a pill of vitamin B2 (containing 100mg of riboflavin) that is inside an opaque gelatin capsule that is matched to a litre bag of normal saline that is wrapped in an opaque covering. For those randomized to the D5W group, the package will consist of a pill of cellulose that is inside an opaque gelatin capsule that is matched to a litre bag of D5W that is wrapped in an opaque covering. These packages will be couple with the patient according to her randomization group in the preoperative area.

In the preoperative area, all patients will be given the pill in their package by mouth 60 to 120 minutes before the start of surgery. The covered bag will then accompany the patient to the operating room and will be set up as the instillation fluid for cystoscopy. This way, the patient and operating team will be blinded to what agent was used for ureteric visualization. Cystoscopy will be done using a standard diagnostic 70 degree cystoscope.

In the preoperative area and in the operating room, the following data will be collected by a study investigator that is not part of the operating team:

- Time pill was given

- Time cystoscopy was started

- Time surgeon started to look for ureteric jets

- Time first ureter was visualized

- Time second ureter was visualized

- Colour of jet (clear, pale yellow, or bright yellow)

- If cystoscopy is repeated to look at ureters, above measures are captured again

- If fluorescein (0.25mL by iv injection) is used as a rescue agent, reason why, time it was given, and time jets were seen are recorded (in order to allow for an adequate time to determine whether the study agent has worked, fluorescein cannot be used any earlier than 10 minutes from the start of cystoscopy)

- Surgeon satisfaction of ureteric visualization during that specific case is rated on a Likert scale from 1 to 5

- Primary surgeon's guess at the agent that was used to visualize ureters

Between post-operative days 3 and 10, the patient will present to clinic and information on length and type of catheter use, as well as antibiotic use after surgery will be recorded (APPENDIX 4). Patients will also give a catheter urine specimen to be sent for culture and sensitivity.

DATA ANALYSIS Baseline characteristics and follow-up measures will be summarized using descriptive statistics (mean, SD, median, and range for continuous variables, count and percent for categorical variables).

Continuous variables will be summarized using means and standard deviations, and will be compared between groups using Student's t-tests. Categorical variables will be summarized using counts and percents, and compared between groups using Chi-squared tests. A P-value ≤0.05 will be considered significant for all statistical analyses performed.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date December 7, 2017
Completion Date June 30, 2021
Primary Completion Date June 30, 2021
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Detection rates of both ureteric jets at the time of intraoperative cystoscopy using either preoperative oral vitamin B or intraoperative distension with D5W. If ten minutes has passed and no jets are seen the surgeon is allowed to ask for iv fluorescein for visualization and this would be considered a failed detection.
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Difference in time to visualization of one and both ureters using either preoperative oral vitamin B or intraoperative cystoscopic distension with D5W. Time will be measured from the time the surgeon states they have started looking for ureteric jets to the time that one and both ureteric jets are seen. This time period will be up to ten minutes.
Difference in the number of times intravenous fluorescein is used as a rescue agent to visualize ureters when vitamin B or D5W has failed. Number of times fluorescein is used during intraoperative cystoscopy to visualize ureters when experimental agents have failed.
Difference in surgeon satisfaction when using vitamin B or D5W. Done after surgery is complete in the operating room
Difference in urinary tract infection rates after surgery after using vitamin B or D5W. Urine will be collected 3 to 10 days after surgery.
Enrollment 250
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Vitamin B (riboflavin, vitamin B2)

Description: Vitamin B is a natural health product approved as a colouring agent.

Arm Group Label: Vitamin B

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: 5% Dextrose in Water (D5W)

Description: 5% Dextrose in Water is an irrigation/instillation fluid, commonly used in intravenous lines.

Arm Group Label: D5W (5% dextrose in water)

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Females undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse where cystoscopy is necessary to assess ureteric integrity

Exclusion Criteria:

- Known kidney disease

- Known ureteral disease or previous ureteric compromise

- Patients with known hypersensitivity to cyanocobalamin or cobalt

- Known malabsorption disorder

- Known allergy to fluorescein dye

- Unable to present for one week post-operative assessment due to geographic or transportation issues

- Unable to provide written consent to the study as a result of language barriers or cognitive disabilities

Gender: Female

Gender Based: Yes

Gender Description: All patients recruited for the study will be undergoing female pelvic floor surgery.

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Colleen D McDermott, MD Principal Investigator Mount Sinai Hospital, Canada
Overall Contact

Last Name: Colleen D McDermott, MD, FRCSC

Phone: 416-586-4800

Phone Ext.: 6490

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact:
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre | Toronto, Ontario, M4N 3M5, Canada Recruiting Louise-Helene Gagnon, MD, FRCSC 416-480-5845 [email protected]
Mount Sinai Hospital | Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1Z5, Canada Recruiting Colleen D McDermott, MD 4165864800 6490 [email protected]
Location Countries

Canada

Verification Date

June 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Vitamin B

Type: Experimental

Description: Vitamin B: Patients in this arm will receive 100mg of riboflavin (vitamin B2) 60 to 120 minutes prior to surgery for the purpose of turning the urine bright yellow to see if this helps with detection of ureteric jets during cystoscopy which will be done using normal saline.

Label: D5W (5% dextrose in water)

Type: Active Comparator

Description: 5% Dextrose in Water: Patients in this arm will receive a placebo in the pre-operative area (for the purpose of blinding the surgical team) 60 to 120 minutes prior to surgery. Intraoperative cystoscopy will then be performed using D5W to see if this helps with detection of ureteric jets.

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Intervention Model Description: Double-blinded, randomized controlled trial

Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)

Masking Description: Patient packages will be created and assigned a patient number. For those randomized to the vitamin B group, the package will consist of a pill of vitamin B2 that is inside an opaque gelatin capsule that is matched to a litre bag of normal saline that is wrapped in an opaque covering. For those randomized to the D5W group, the package will consist of a pill of cellulose that is inside an opaque gelatin capsule that is matched to a litre bag of D5W that is wrapped in an opaque covering. These packages will be coupled with the patient according to her randomization group in the preoperative area. In the preoperative area, all patients will be given the pill in their package by mouth 60 to 120 minutes before the start of surgery. The covered bag will then accompany the patient to the operating room and will be set up as the instillation fluid for cystoscopy. This way, the patient and operating team will be blinded to what agent was used for ureteric visualization.

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov