A Prospective Comparison of Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK), PRK With Mitomycin-C and Laser Subepithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK) in the Treatment of Moderate and High Myopia

A Comparison of Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK), PRK With Mitomycin-C and Laser Subepithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK) in the Treatment of Moderate and High Myopia

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Walter Reed Army Medical Center

Collaborator: Madigan Army Medical Center
C.R.Darnall Army Medical Center
Blanchfield Army Community Hospital
Tripler Army Medical Center

Source Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess whether there is a significant difference in visual outcomes or corneal haze after surface ablation for moderate and high myopia in active duty service members treated with PRK, Mitomycin-C (MMC) PRK and LASEK.

Overall Status Terminated
Start Date June 2004
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Efficacy in terms of uncorrected visual acuity and post operative refraction. Safety in terms of maintenance of best spectacle corrected acuity within 2 lines of preoperative levels. 12 months after surgery
Enrollment 960
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Procedure

Intervention name: PRK

Description: PRK

Arm group label: 1

Intervention type: Procedure

Intervention name: MMC PRK

Description: mitomycin C PRK

Arm group label: 2

Intervention type: Procedure

Intervention name: LASEK

Description: LASEK

Arm group label: 3

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Informed consent.

2. Normal, healthy, active duty adults age 21 years or older. The lower age limit of 21 years is intended to ensure documentation of refractive stability.

3. Manifest refractive spherical equivalent of greater than -4.00 diopters (D) up to -10.00 D.

4. Best spectacle corrected visual acuity of 20/20 or better in both eyes.

5. Demonstrated refractive stability, confirmed by clinical records. Neither the spherical nor the cylindrical portion of the refraction may have changed more than 0.50D during the 12-month period immediately preceding the baseline examination, as confirmed by clinical records.

6. Both eyes must fall in the same refraction group and there must be less than 1 D difference between eyes.

7. Soft contact lens users must have removed their lenses at least 2 weeks before baseline measurements. Hard contact lens users (PMMA or rigid gas permeable lenses) must have removed their lenses at least 4 weeks prior to baseline measurements and have 2 central keratometry readings and 2 manifest refractions taken at least 1 week apart that do not differ by more than 0.50 D in either meridian.

8. Access to transportation to meet the follow-up requirements.

9. Available for evaluation during the 1-year follow-up period.

10. Consent of the subject's command to participate in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or intend to become pregnant during the study. Women of childbearing age will take a urine pregnancy test before starting this study.

2. Residual, recurrent or active ocular diseases or corneal abnormalities in either eye such as keratoconus, iritis, uveitis, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, vernal conjunctivitis, lagophthalmos, corneal scarring, glaucoma, previous steroid responder, occludable chamber angles, visually significant cataracts.

3. Medical condition(s), which, in the judgment of the investigator, may impair healing, including but not limited to: collagen vascular disease, autoimmune disease, immunodeficiency diseases, and ocular herpes zoster or simplex.

4. Concurrent topical or systemic medications that may impair healing, including corticosteroids, antimetabolites, isotretinoin (Accutane), amiodarone hydrochloride (Cordarone) and/or sumatripin (Imitrex).

5. Any physical or mental impairment that would preclude participation in any of the examinations.

6. Prior refractive or ocular surgery.

Gender: All

Minimum age: 21 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
KRAIG S BOWER, MD Principal Investigator DIRECTOR, CENTER FOR REFRACTIVE SURGERY WALTER REED ARMY MEDICAL CENTER
Location
facility
Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Center For Refractive Surgery
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

July 2010

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 3
Arm Group

Arm group label: 2

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: LASEK- laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy

Arm group label: 3

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: Mitomycin C PRK

Arm group label: 1

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: PRK- Photorefractive keratectomy

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov