Anticholinergic vs. Botox Comparison Study

Efficacy and Impact of Botulinum Toxin A Versus Anticholinergic Therapy for the Treatment of Bothersome Urge Urinary Incontinence


Lead Sponsor: NICHD Pelvic Floor Disorders Network

Collaborator: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Source NICHD Pelvic Floor Disorders Network
Brief Summary

Urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition that markedly impacts quality of life and disproportionately affects women. Overactive Bladder syndrome (OAB) is defined as symptoms of urgency and frequency with urge urinary incontinence (OAB-wet) and without urge incontinence (OAB-dry). Conservative first line treatments for urge incontinence combined with other OAB symptoms (OAB-wet) include behavioral therapy, pelvic floor training +/- biofeedback, or the use of anticholinergic medications. These treatment modalities may not result in total continence and often drug therapy is discontinued because of lack of efficacy, side effects and cost or because of not wanting to take a pill. Behavioral therapy and pelvic muscle exercises require consistent, active intervention by the patient which is often not sustained. Thus, the objective of the Anticholinergic vs Botox Comparison Study (ABC) is to determine whether a single intra-detrusor injection of botulinum toxin A (Botox A®) is more effective than a standardized regimen of oral anticholinergics in reducing urge urinary incontinence. The null hypothesis is that there is no difference in the change from baseline in average number of urge urinary incontinence episodes over 6 months between groups.

Detailed Description

This study is a 6-month double-blind randomized trial comparing intra-detrusor botulinum toxin A (Botox A®) and anticholinergic therapy in women without neurologic disease with urge incontinence. Subjects will be followed up to an additional six months off study drug to determine duration of treatment effect.

The primary aim is to compare the change in urge incontinence episodes over 6 months between women receiving a single intra-detrusor injection of 100 unit of botulinum toxin A (Botox A®) plus daily oral placebo tablets versus women receiving a single intra-detrusor injection of saline plus daily anticholinergic therapy.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date March 2010
Completion Date May 2012
Primary Completion Date May 2012
Phase Phase 3
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in Urge Urinary Incontinence (UUI) Episodes Baseline through 6 months
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change From Baseline in Score on OABq-SF Baseline through 6 months
Efficacy 6 months
Change in PFDI-SF and PFIQ-SF Total Scores Baseline through 6 months
Patient Global Impression of Improvement 3 and 6 months
Enrollment 249

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Botulinum toxin A (Botox A®)

Description: A single intradetrusor injection of 100U botulinum toxin A in 10 mL plus 0.1 mL of indigo carmine administered during cytoscopy. Between 100 and 200ml of saline is instilled into the bladder prior to injection to allow adequate visualization of the entire bladder urothelium. The treating physician will inject a total of 10.1 mL of the masked substance into approximately 15 to 20 different detrusor muscle sites under direct visualization using disposable needles. Injections will be spread out to equally cover the posterior bladder wall and dome, but spare the bladder trigone and ureteral orifices.

Arm Group Label: Botox A

Other Name: (Botox A®)

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Solifenacin 5mg

Description: Oral Solifenacin 5mg once a day for up to 6 months

Arm Group Label: Standardized Anticholinergic Regimen

Other Name: Vesicare

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Solifenacin 10mg

Description: Oral Solifenacin 10mg once a day for up to 4 months

Arm Group Label: Standardized Anticholinergic Regimen

Other Name: Vesicare

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Trospium chloride

Description: Oral Trospium chloride XR 60mg once a day for up to 2 months

Arm Group Label: Standardized Anticholinergic Regimen

Other Name: Sanctura



Inclusion Criteria:

- Subject has signed informed consent.

- Females at least 21 years of age

- Five or more urge urinary incontinence episodes on a three-day voiding diary. Urge incontinence episodes will be determined based on voiding diary and subject indication of coincident urge symptoms, allowing self-characterization of incontinence type.

- Urge predominant (urge >50% of total incontinent episodes) urinary incontinence based on self-reported characterization of incontinent episodes on diary.

- Demonstrated ability (or have caregiver demonstrate ability) to perform clean intermittent self-catheterization in the event that this would be required.

- Request for treatment for urge urinary incontinence. The patient may have tried other non-pharmacologic treatments for urge incontinence, such as supervised behavioral therapy, supervised physical therapy, unsupervised physical therapy, supervised biofeedback, and transvaginal electrical stimulation.

- Subject has undergone 3-week washout period if subject were on anticholinergic therapy prior to enrollment.

- Subject is able to complete all study related items and interviews.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Any previous therapy with trospium chloride, solifenacin, or darifenacin

- Failed three or more anticholinergic drugs.

- Contraindication to anticholinergic therapy, specifically with solifenacin or trospium.

- Current symptomatic urinary tract infection that has not resolved prior to randomization.

- Uncontrolled narrow-angle glaucoma

- Gastric retention

- Baseline need for intermittent self catheterization

- PVR >150ml on 2 occasions with void(s) of greater than 150ml

- Surgical treatment for stress incontinence (sling, Burch or urethral injection) or pelvic organ prolapse recommended or planned at enrollment by study investigator(s).

- Any prior intra-detrusor botulinum toxin A injections

- Previous or currently implanted neuromodulation (sacral or tibial).

- Surgically altered detrusor muscle, such as augmentation cystoplasty.

- Known allergy to botulinum toxin A.

- Women with known neurologic disease believed to potentially affect urinary function (Multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, myasthenia gravis, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease).

- Known allergy to lidocaine.

- Currently pregnant or lactating patients or patients planning pregnancy within the next year.

- Sexually active premenopausal women with a uterus who have either not had a tubal ligation or are not on a medically approved form of contraception for at least 3 months prior to and throughout the duration of the study.

- Cystoscopic findings that preclude injection, in the opinion of the investigator.

- Current or prior bladder malignancy.

- In the opinion of the investigator, inability to understand diary instructions and complete 3-day voiding diary.

- Subjects who are on anticoagulant therapy,excluding aspirin

- Subject has been previously diagnosed with interstitial cystitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

- Subjects with hematuria who have not undergone a clinically appropriate evaluation.

- Subjects taking aminoglycosides at the time of injection.

- Serum creatinine level greater than twice the upper limit of normal within the previous year.

- Two or more hospitalizations for medical conditions in the previous year.

- Plans to move out of area in the next 6 months.

Gender: Female

Minimum Age: 21 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Anthony Visco, MD Study Chair Duke University
The University of Alabama at Birmingham | Birmingham, Alabama, 35249, United States
USCD Medical Center | La Jolla, California, 92037, United States
Kaiser Permanente | San Diego, California, 92037, United States
Loyola University Medical Center | Maywood, Illinois, 60153, United States
Oakwood Hospital | Dearborn, Michigan, 48124, United States
Beaumont Hospital | Royal Oak, Michigan, 48073, United States
Duke University | Durham, North Carolina, 27710, United States
Cleveland Clinic | Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, United States
Magee-Women's Hospital | Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15213, United States
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center | Dallas, Texas, 75390, United States
University of Utah | Salt Lake City, Utah, 84132, United States
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

April 2018

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Botox A

Type: Experimental

Description: A single intradetrusor injection of 100U botulinum toxin A (Botox A®) plus daily oral placebo tablets

Label: Standardized Anticholinergic Regimen

Type: Active Comparator

Description: A standardized 3-step anticholinergic regimen of daily oral solifenacin 5mg, solifenacin 10mg, and/or trospium chloride XR 60mg, as well as a single intradetrusor injection of saline (placebo). All subjects will begin on solifenacin 5 mg for 2 mo. If a subject's symptoms are not adequately controlled at 2 mo, she will be escalated to solifenacin 10mg, and similarly at 4 mo to trospium XR 60mg. If a subject's symptoms are adequately controlled on solifenacin 5 mg, she may continue that study medication for the entirety of the study (6 mo). Additionally, if a subject is dose-escalated to solifenacin 10mg at study mo 2 or 4, and her symptoms are adequately controlled, she may continue the solifenacin 10mg dose for the remainder of the study.

Acronym ABC
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)