Gene Therapy for X-linked Chronic Granulomatous Disease

A Phase I/II, Non Randomized, Monocentric Open-label Study of Autologous CD34+ Cells Transduced With the G1XCGD Lentiviral Vector in Patients With X-Linked Chronic Granulomatous Disease

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Genethon

Source Genethon
Brief Summary

X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD) is a rare genetic disorder, which affects boys. It is a primary immunodeficiency disorder which results from an inability of the white blood cells called phagocytic cells (or phagocytes) to kill invading bacteria and fungi. These cells have difficulty forming the free radicals (most importantly the superoxide radical due to defective phagocyte NADPH oxidase complex) which are important in the killing of ingested pathogens. In X-CGD (which accounts for two thirds of CGD patients), the defect lies in a gene which makes up a critical part of the NADPH-oxidase complex (the catalytic subunit; gp91-phox protein). Therefore they kill bacteria and fungi poorly, and the patients suffer from severe and recurrent infections. This also results in inflammation which can damage parts of the body such as the lung and gut.

In many cases, patients can be adequately protected from infection by constant intake of antibiotics. However, in others, severe life-threatening infections break through. In some cases, inflammation in the bowel or urinary systems results in blockages which cannot be treated with antibiotics, and which may require the use of other drugs such as steroids. Development of curative treatments for CGD is therefore of great importance.

Overall Status Active, not recruiting
Start Date March 2016
Completion Date June 2024
Primary Completion Date June 2024
Phase Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Safety as measured by the incidence of adverse events 60 months
Restoration and stability over time of the NADPH functioning granulocytes assessed by a Dihydrorhodamine (DHR) flow cytometry test 12 months
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Clinical improvement 60 months
Percentage of transduced CD34+ haematopoietic cells infused and of blood cells over time 60 months
Immunological reconstitution 60 months
Enrollment 3
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Genetic

Intervention Name: X vivo gene therapy

Description: Transplantation of patient's autologous CD34+ cells transduced with lentiviral vector containing XCGD gene. The investigational product is patient-specific and corresponds to autologous CD34+ cells transduced ex vivo with the G1XCGD vector. These transduced cells will be cryopreserved until safety testing and infusion into the patient.

Arm Group Label: open label

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male X-CGD patients >23 months of age. Youngest patients (>1 month and ≤ 23 months) may be enrolled at physician's appreciation; in this case mobilization of peripheral HSC may be replaced by two bone marrow harvests.

- Molecular diagnosis confirmed by DNA sequencing and supported by laboratory evidence for absent or reduction > 70% of the biochemical activity of the NAHPD-oxidase.

- At least one ongoing or resistant or at high risk of relapse severe infection and/or inflammatory complications requiring hospitalisation despite conventional therapy.

- No HLA-matched donor available after 3 months search, unless the risk of waiting for a potential match or for performing an allogeneic transplant is considered unacceptable.

- No co-infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or hepatitis B virus (HBs Ag positive) or hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV Ab positive).

- Written informed consent for adult patient.

- Parental/guardian and where appropriate child's signed consent/assent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- 10/10 HLA identical (A, B, C, DR, DQ) family or unrelated.

- Contraindication for leukapheresis (anaemia Hb <8g/dl, cardiovascular instability, severe coagulopathy).

- Contraindication for administration of conditioning medication and any component of the Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP) preparation.

- Administration of gamma interferon within 30 days before the infusion of transduced autologous CD34+ cells.

- Participation in another experimental therapeutic protocol within 6 months prior to baseline and during the study period.

- Any other condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may compromise the safety or compliance of the patient or would preclude the patient from successful completion of the study.

- Patient/Parent/Guardian unable or unwilling to comply with the protocol requirements.

Gender: Male

Minimum Age: 24 Months

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Stéphane BLANCHE, MD, PHD Principal Investigator Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades
Location
Facility: Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

March 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: open label

Type: Experimental

Description: X vivo gene therapy

Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov