Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia

Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (III Follow-up)

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of Eastern Finland

Collaborator: Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare
Kuopio University Hospital

Source University of Eastern Finland
Brief Summary

The global challenges caused by dementia affect society from both the public health and economic perspective, and are exacerbated by the rapid growth of the population in the oldest age groups. Reducing the risk of developing dementia and improving the overall health status, psychosocial wellbeing, and the quality of life of the oldest old would bear individual and public health benefits, as well as social and economic advantages. Data from long-term longitudinal cohort studies can provide invaluable information about the factors that play a key role in healthy ageing and in the development of dementia. The aim of CAIDE 85+ is to better understand the factors that, from mid- to late-life, determine the development of cognitive disorders such as dementia, as well as the overall health status, psychosocial wellbeing and quality of life in the oldest old segment of the population.

CAIDE85+ is the third follow-up of the main Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE) study conducted in the Kuopio and Joensuu areas in Eastern Finland. During midlife, participants were initially part of two population-based health surveys (North Karelia project and FINMONICA study) carried out between 1972 and 1987. In 1998, a random sample of 2000 individuals (aged 64-79) from these cohorts were invited to participate in a first re-examination as part of the CAIDE study. A second re-examination of this population was carried out between 2005 and 2008. Individuals who are still alive and living in the Kuopio and Joensuu areas will now be invited for a third re-examination. Participants' cognitive functioning and physical fitness will be assessed, and they will be asked questions about their health status, psychosocial wellbeing, and lifestyle. Blood samples will be also collected to investigate biomarkers that may be relevant for dementia-related diseases.

Detailed Description

The Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE) study was initiated in 1998 with the main scope of investigating the potential role of modifiable risk and protective factors in the development of dementia. 2000 people, who, in mid-life between 1972 and 1987, had taken part in the North Karelia, and FINMONICA survey studies, were invited to participate. These previous cohort studies focused mostly on cardiovascular disease and related risk factors and provided baseline data for the CAIDE study. Within CAIDE, two follow-ups have been carried out so far, the first in 1998 and the second between 2005 and 2008, on average 21 and more than 30 years after the baseline studies, respectively.

The CAIDE study has, so far, provided essential knowledge on several midlife risk and protective factors for dementia, including interactions between genetics and lifestyle. In addition, the CAIDE Dementia Risk Score was developed as the first tool for predicting the risk of late-life dementia in middle-aged people, based on their lifestyle and cardiovascular risk profiles.

Ten years after the second re-examination, the CAIDE participants are now well in their middle 80s' or older. Despite being the fastest growing segment of the population, this age group has been only rarely the subject of similar observational studies. By investigating the health status, quality of life, and overall psycho-physical functionality in this population the investigators aim to further examine risk and protective factors for dementia. To this aim, a life-course approach will be applied on a unique longitudinal population-based dataset spanning over 40 years, a very long period of time that is rarely achievable in observational studies. The results will also provide insights on the predictors and determinants of quality of life and psychosocial wellbeing in the oldest old.

CAIDE85+ is the third follow-up of the main CAIDE study. At baseline (midlife), data on e.g. socio-demographics, lifestyle, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, blood markers, and medical history were recorded. In addition, the first and second late-life re-examinations included cognitive assessments (three-step protocol for the diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment and dementia), APOEƐ4 genotyping, and more detailed data on psychosocial factors, and medication use. In principle, the same measurements and methods will be used in CAIDE 85+, except for modifications/adaptations required by the specifics of the 85+ study population, or recent scientific developments related to the aims of the study. New developments compared with previous re-examinations include e.g. single-step assessment of cognitive status for all participants; more detailed assessment of physical functioning, multimorbidity and frailty; inclusion of questionnaires on oral health, sleep quality, malnutrition, and health-related quality of life.

Potential participants will be identified within the original CAIDE cohort, i.e. individuals who are still alive and living in the area where the study takes place (Kuopio and Joensuu, Finland).

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date June 14, 2019
Completion Date December 2020
Primary Completion Date December 2020
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Cognitive performance, CERAD One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Cognitive performance, MMSE One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Clinical Dementia Rating, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Activity of Daily Living, Katz Index. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Activity of Daily Living, Lawton-Brody Scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Dementia and mild cognitive impairment Through study completion, an average of 2 years
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Multimorbidity Through study completion, an average of 2 years
Frailty Index, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Short Physical Performance Battery, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Physical functioning - Hand-grip strength, kg. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Self-reported physical activity One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Psychosocial wellbeing - Hopelessness, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Psychosocial wellbeing - Social network One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Psychosocial wellbeing - Subjective memory complaints, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Psychosocial wellbeing - Anxiety, units on a scale One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Psychosocial wellbeing - Depression, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Psychosocial wellbeing - Life events One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Psychosocial wellbeing - Sleep quality, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Oral health One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Nutritional status, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Dietary habits One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Health-related quality of life, units on a scale. One assessment within 8 weeks from consent
Enrollment 500
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling Method: Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Previous invitation to the first CAIDE follow up (1998)

- Being still alive and living in the Kuopio and Joensuu areas (Finland)

Exclusion Criteria:

- No exclusion criteria

Gender: All

Minimum Age: N/A

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Miia Kivipelto, MD, PhD Principal Investigator University of Eastern Finland
Overall Contact

Last Name: Alina Solomon, MD, PhD

Phone: 00358403552015

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Contact Backup: University of Eastern Finland Alina Solomon, MD, PhD 00358403552015 [email protected]
Location Countries

Finland

Verification Date

September 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Acronym CAIDE
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov