Zinc Absorption From Zinc Biofortified Rice

Absorption of Zinc From Mixed Diets Containing Conventional Bangladeshi Rice, Zinc-biofortified Bangladeshi Rice, or Conventional Bangladeshi Rice With Added Zinc Among Young Children in a Peri-urban Community

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh

Collaborator: HarvestPlus
International Atomic Energy Agency

Source International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
Brief Summary

It is well documented that zinc supplementation to low-income population results in the reduced incidence of childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia, and improves growth of stunted children. In Bangladesh, the risk of zinc deficiency is considered to be high and children could benefit greatly by improving their zinc intakes on a daily basis. Zinc supplementation at a national scale would be a formidable task. There is a need to find an alternative. It might be sustainable to improve intake of zinc through fortified staples, e.g. rice with increased amounts of zinc; in fact such biofortified rice has been developed through conventional breeding, which is designed to contain an amount of zinc that could meet at least 40% of the daily requirement. In our first round of the previously approved and completed studies, total absorbed zinc (TAZ) did not differ when diets containing zinc biofortified rice (ZnBfR) or conventional rice (CR) were compared. Thus, we plan to repeat this study using a new variety of (ZnBfR)that is expected to have higher zinc content than the variety previously studied. Initially, we will also conduct a pilot study in 4 subjects using a modified isotope administration protocol such that the oral tracers will be given on two days each at half the original dose each day so as to provide a lower proportion of the total daily zinc intake as tracer solution. Hypotheses: 1. Young children will have greater total absorbed zinc (TAZ) when they consume mixed diets containing ZnBfR than when they consume the same diets containing CR. 2. TAZ will not differ in children who receive the ZnBfR-containing diet or the same diet containing CR plus sufficient additional zinc to match the zinc content of the ZnBfR diet. Objectives: 1. To measure the amount of zinc absorbed from ZnBfR compared with the amount absorbed from CR and from CR fortified with added zinc, using the triple stable isotope tracer ratio technique in young children. 2. To assess the intestinal function of the children, using a sugar permeability test (lactulose:mannitol test). 3. (Pilot study) To verify that the modified tracer dose will provide adequate signal for assessing zinc absorption. Methods: To assess the potentials for biofortified rice in providing a good, bioavailable source of additional zinc, we propose to measure zinc absorption from rice-based meals among Bangladeshi preschool children. We will measure the amount of zinc absorbed from ZnBfR compared to that absorbed from a conventional Bangladeshi rice (Diet-CR) (control). We will also compare the zinc absorption from biofortified rice with that from zinc-fortified conventional rice (Diet-CR+Z). The study will be a cross-over, randomized, controlled clinical study. Initially, a pilot study will be conducted with a modified dose of zinc stable isotope among 4 children aged 36-59 months of either sex from a peri-urban community in Dhaka. Later on, 44 children aged 36-59 months of either sex will be recruited from the same community as mentioned before, and they will be individually randomized, in equal numbers, to one of the two comparison groups, A and B. During an initial one-day acclimatization period, the study children will receive the conventional rice based diet three times a day, to confirm that they will accept the study diets and adhere to the study procedures. On study days 2 and 4, in comparison group A, the study subjects will receive either the Diet-ZBfR or Diet-CR based on the random assignments, and they will receive Diet-CR or Diet ZBfR, respectively, on days 3 and 5 (i.e., the diet not received on days 2 and 4), Likewise, in comparison group B, the study subjects will receive either Diet-ZBfR or Diet-CR+Z on days 2 and 4 based on the random assignments, and they will receive Diet-CR+Z or the Diet-ZBfR, respectively, on days 3 and 5 (i.e., the diet not received on days 2 and 4). We will use zinc stable isotope tracer techniques to measure the fractional absorption of zinc, in which tracer : tracee ratios will be measured in spot urine samples following administration of an intravenously administered tracer (68Zn) and one of two oral tracers (70Zn, 67Zn) provided with test meals over a four-day period. Outcome measures/variables: Intake of total dietary zinc (TDZ) and phytate for each subject will be calculated during the clinical study. Fractional absorption of zinc (FAZ) will be determined from the isotopic ratios obtained in urine samples using the following equation, which shows, as an example, the calculation that will be used for zinc absorption from the diet traced with 67Zn: FAZ = 67Zn tracer:tracee ratio / 68Zn tracer:tracee ratio * (68Zn dose given IV / 67Zn dose given orally) Total absorbed zinc (TAZ) for each child will be calculated as follows: TAZ (mg/d) = TDZ (mg/d) * FAZ

Overall Status Completed
Start Date 2009-10-01
Completion Date 2011-01-01
Primary Completion Date 2011-01-01
Phase Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Total absorbed zinc 10 days
Enrollment 42
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Diet-ZnBfR

Description: zinc biofortified rice-based diet

Arm Group Label: Group A

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Diet- CR

Description: conventional rice-based diet

Arm Group Label: Group A

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Diet-ZnBfR

Description: zinc biofortified rice-based diet

Arm Group Label: Group B

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: CR + Zn

Description: conventional rice-based diet plus zinc fortificant (Diet-CR+Z).

Arm Group Label: Group B

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Age: 42 children aged 36-59 mo; Either sex - WLZ and HAZ: >-2 Z-Score - No longer breastfed - No H/O diarrhoea in last 14 days - Given anti-helminthics in last three months Exclusion Criteria: - Not meeting the inclusion criteria

Gender:

All

Minimum Age:

36 Months

Maximum Age:

59 Months

Healthy Volunteers:

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Location
Facility: ICDDR,B
Location Countries

Bangladesh

Verification Date

2011-05-01

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Group A

Type: Other

Description: zinc biofortified rice-based diet (Diet-ZBfR) will be compared with conventional rice-based diet (Diet- CR)

Label: Group B

Type: Other

Description: zinc biofortified rice-based diet (Diet-ZBfR) will be compared with a rice-based diet plus zinc fortificant (Diet-CR+Z)

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment

Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Masking: Single (Participant)

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