Occupational Recovery After First Episode Psychosis

Occupational Recovery After First Episode Psychosis

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Fraser Health

Collaborator: Ministry of Social Development and Poverty Reduction, British Columbia
Canadian Mental Health Association

Source Fraser Health
Brief Summary

Background: To improve employment prospects for people in the chronic stages of mental illness, the gold standard is a program called Individual Placement and Support (IPS). Little research on IPS has been done with clients in the early stages of mental illness. This project aims to assess the incremental effectiveness of the IPS model of employment support over treatment-as-usual in a representative sample of early-psychosis clients . Method: One hundred consenting clients from the Fraser Health Early Psychosis Intervention (EPI) program will be recruited and randomly assigned to receive either one year of IPS support or treatment as usual (i.e., no IPS support but no constraints on the clients to seek other employment or related support themselves). Our primary hypothesis is that the early-psychosis clients receiving the IPS intervention will obtain and maintain more paid employment compared to the TAU (treatment as usual) group. Secondary hypotheses pertain to employment success as a function of both fixed and dynamic factors and assessing the cost-effectiveness of IPS.

Detailed Description

This primary objective of this project is to assess, in early psychosis clients, the IPS vocational support model that is the "gold standard" for patients with chronic illness. Specifically, the investigators aim to maximize the chances of employment after recovery from the first acute episode, and provide work experience that will help prevent development of the "chronic mental patient" role. Our primary objective is to assess the degree to which EPI clients randomized to the IPS model will procure competitive work more quickly, and work more days during one year of IPS support, compared to control group patients who continue to receive "treatment-as-usual" vocational services. There are also several secondary objectives: 1. understand fixed and dynamic predictors of vocational success, which may help tailor the IPS model to subpopulations. Predictors that are fixed, but may help in client selection or IPS implementation, include premorbid IQ (intelligence quotient) and previous schooling or employment (respectively). More malleable predictors, where IPS might be offered in conjunction with other interventions, include various neurocognitive abilities and recreational alcohol/drug use; 2. assess changes in health service utilization and related costs as a consequence of improved occupational functioning; and 3. lay the groundwork for a later project that would assess the longer-term durability of employment and related benefits. As part of routine clinical care, EPI staff (i.e. case manager or psychiatrist) often query readiness to return to or seek work. For this project, those staff will also query openness to employment support. If the client so wishes, the staff will describe the project, provide a blank copy of the consent form, and gain consent for the RA to contact them after 1-3 days. Since the clients are already well-engaged with our program, the investigators expect substantial success in recruitment and low attrition rates. As noted in the IPS principles, there are minimal restrictions: all clients assigned to the IPS group who interested in working will have access, regardless of job-readiness factors, substance use, symptom severity, cognitive impairments, treatment (non)adherence, or personal presentation. The measurement strategy includes three sets of assessment interviews from both IPS and TAU clients. The Master's-level RA (research assistant), who will have clinical experience, will collect all data in the first two years. In the third year, a new RA with health economics skills will collect the utilization and social/recreational data, while an unpaid practicum student in Clinical Psychology completes the clinical interviews. Data collection will be blinded, i.e. the RA's will not know whether the client is in the IPS or vocational-service-as-usual group.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date March 2015
Completion Date March 2020
Primary Completion Date March 2020
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Employment attainment 1 year
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Self-reported Client Service Usage 1 year
Cost related to client service usage 1 year
Number of days worked 1 year
Enrollment 109
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Behavioral

Intervention Name: IPS

Description: One year of IPS Support

Arm Group Label: Individual Placement and Support

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - be a client in the Fraser Health EPI Program, - want to return to work, - currently be on a stable therapeutic dose of anti-psychotic medication, and - have mastery of the English language Exclusion Criteria: - No interest in seeking employment

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 19 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
David H Erickson, PhD Principal Investigator Fraser North Early Psychosis Program
Location
Facility: Fraser Health: Royal Columbian Hospital
Location Countries

Canada

Verification Date

March 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Individual Placement and Support

Type: Experimental

Description: One year of IPS Support

Label: Treatment as usual

Type: No Intervention

Description: Treatment as usual

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov