Assesment of Gingival Crevicular Fluid and Serum ErbB4/Neuregulin-4 Levels in Periodontal Disease and Health

Assesment of Gingival Crevicular Fluid and Serum ErbB4/Neuregulin-4 Levels in Periodontal Disease and Health

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Abant Izzet Baysal University

Source Abant Izzet Baysal University
Brief Summary

This study aimed to investigate gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum ErbB4 and Nrg4 levels in periodontal health and disease. A total of 80 individuals, 20 patients with stage II grade B periodontitis, 20 patients with stage III grade B periodontitis, 20 with gingivitis and 20 periodontally healthy individuals were included. Whole-mouth and site-specific clinical periodontal parameters including probing depth, clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, gingival index, plaque index and papillar bleeding index were recorded. GCF and serum ErbB4 and Nrg4 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Statistical analysis was performed by using non-parametric tests.

Detailed Description

A total of 80 individuals, comprising 20 patients with stage II grade B periodontitis (P1 Group), 20 patients with stage III grade B periodontitis (P2 Group), 20 patients with gingivitis (G Group), and 20 periodontally healthy controls (H Group) were involved in the study.

The participants were classified into four groups depending on periodontal health status in accordance with the consensus reports of the 2017 World Workshop:

1. periodontally healthy (H) group: no interproximal attachment loss (AL), probing depth (PD) ≤3 mm, bleeding on probing (BOP) scores <10%;

2. gingivitis (G) group: no interproximal AL, PD ≤3 mm, and BOP ≥10%;

3. stage II grade B periodontitis (P1) group: 3

4. stage III grade B periodontitis (P2) group: PD >5 mm and CAL ≥ 5 mm in one or more sites of the 2 non-adjacent teeth in at least two quadrants of the mouth, full mouth BOP >10% and tooth loss due to periodontitis of ≤4 teeth.

Inclusion criteria were as follows:

1. aged >18 years,

2. having at least 16 natural teeth (excluding third molar),

3. not having any diagnosed medical illness or drug intake that could affect the periodontal condition.

Exclusion criteria were as follows:

1. The patients who had taken antibiotics, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory or any other drugs within the past 3 months,

2. received nonsurgical or surgical periodontal treatment,

3. a restorative and endodontic therapy requirement,

4. a removable partial denture and/or having orthodontic therapy

5. Current pregnancy or lactation, obesity, heavy smoking and having serum C reactive protein (CRP) > 3mg/L.

All individuals were examined at baseline and four weeks after non-surgical periodontal treatment including, whole mouth probing depth (PD), CAL, presence of bleeding on probing (BOP), papillar bleeding index (PBI), gingival index (GI) and plaque index (PI) except the third molars. PD and CAL were measured at six sites per tooth using a manual periodontal probe.

The non-surgical periodontal treatment for P1 and P2 groups included supra- and subgingival scaling, root planing and oral hygiene instructions. Subgingival scaling and root planing were performed under local anesthesia in two sessions within the 48-72 h. Gingivitis group had supra-and subgingival scaling, polishing and oral hygiene instructions. The treatment of gingivitis and periodontitis patients were performed by a periodontist (BM) using hand and ultrasonic instruments. All measurements were performed by the same calibrated examiner (BM).

Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) sampling

GCF samples were obtained from four nonadjacent interproximal sites in two maxillar and two mandibular multi-rooted teeth by standardized filter paper strips. GCF samples were taken from four sites with GI <1, PD ≤ 3, PBI =0 and CAL =0 in the H group; from four sites with GI ≥2, PD ≤3, PBI >2 and CAL=0 in the G group; from four sites (deepest pockets 3 2 and 3 ≤CAL <5 mm in P1 group; and from four sites (deepest pockets PD ≥5) with GI ≥2, PBI >2 and CAL ≥5 mm in P2 group according to the baseline clinical measurements.

Serum sampling

Serum samples were taken following GCF sampling before the periodontal treatment. Six milliliters of venous blood were obtained by a standard venipuncture method and the serum was separated from blood by centrifugation at 1,500 g for 20 minutes.

Biochemical Assays

Levels of GCF ErbB4, Nrg4, IL-6, IL-10 and levels of serum ErbB4, Nrg4, nitric oxide synthase (NOS)2 and Arg1 were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using commercial kits according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

Statistical Analysis

All data analyses were performed using a statistical software package. Comparisons of clinical and biochemical parameters between the study groups were performed using the Kruskal- Wallis with Mann Whitney U test with Bonferroni correction method. The intragroup comparisons (at baseline and first month) were performed using Wilcoxon test for paired samples. Associations among levels of the GCF and serum biomarkers and clinical parameters were also examined using the Spearman rank correlation analysis.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date April 2, 2018
Completion Date January 18, 2019
Primary Completion Date January 18, 2019
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Biochemical parameters (ErbB4 and Nrg4) Baseline and 4 weeks after treatment
Biochemical parameters (IL-6, IL-10, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) 2 and Arg1) Baseline and 4 weeks after treatment
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Probing pocket depth Baseline and 4 weeks after treatment
Clinical attachment loss Baseline and 4 weeks after treatment
Gingival index Baseline and 4 weeks after treatment
Plaque index Baseline and 4 weeks after treatment
Bleeding on probing Baseline and 4 weeks after treatment
Papillar bleeding index Baseline and 4 weeks after treatment
Enrollment 80
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: non surgical periodontal treatment

Description: SRP under local anaesthesia, in a total of 2 clinical visits. Oral hygiene instructions including the modified Bass technique and an appropriate interdental cleaning device with dental floss and interdental brush.

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Gingival crevicular fluid and serum collection

Description: GCF with filter paper using the intracrevicular method and serum collection

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Aged >18 years,

- Having at least 16 natural teeth (excluding third molar),

- Not having any diagnosed medical illness or drug intake that could affect the periodontal condition.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who had taken antibiotics, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory or any other drugs within the past 3 months,

- Patients received nonsurgical or surgical periodontal treatment,

- Patients who have a restorative and endodontic therapy requirement,

- Having a removable partial denture and/or having orthodontic therapy,

- Current pregnancy or lactation,

- Obesity,

- Heavy smoking and having serum CRP > 3mg/L .

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Sadiye Gunpinar, Asst. Prof. Principal Investigator Abant Izzet Baysal University
Location
Facility: Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University
Location Countries

Turkey

Verification Date

August 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Abant Izzet Baysal University

Investigator Full Name: Sadiye Gunpinar

Investigator Title: Asst. Prof.

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 4
Arm Group

Label: stage II grade B periodontitis

Type: Active Comparator

Description: GCF and serum samples were taken before and after treatment from stage II grade B periodontitis patients. Intervention: Non- surgical periodontal treatment (SRP and oral hygiene instructions)

Label: stage III grade B periodontitis

Type: Active Comparator

Description: GCF and serum samples were taken before and after treatment from stage III grade B periodontitis patients. Intervention: Non- surgical periodontal treatment (SRP and oral hygiene instructions)

Label: gingivitis

Type: Active Comparator

Description: GCF and serum samples were taken before and after treatment from gingivitis patients. Intervention: Non- surgical periodontal treatment (Scaling and oral hygiene instructions)

Label: periodontally healthy

Type: Placebo Comparator

Description: GCF and serum samples were taken at baseline from periodontally healthy individuals.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Non-Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov