HLA Analysis in Autoimmune Encephalitis and Related Disorders

Immunogenetic Characteristics in Autoimmune Encephalitis and Related Disorders: HLA Analysis

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Hospices Civils de Lyon

Source Hospices Civils de Lyon
Brief Summary

Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) are characterized by subacute onset of memory deficits, altered mental status or psychiatric symptoms, frequently associated with seizures, inflammatory cerebrospinal fluid and in cases with prominent limbic involvement, typical magnetic resonance imaging. Several autoantibodies (Ab) may be detected in AE, although its detection is not mandatory to establish a diagnosis. These Ab mainly recognize different synaptic and cell-surface proteins in the central nervous system, and are thought to be pathogenic as they alter the normal location or function of its antigens. The primary trigger of the immune response is unknown for most of AE. In addition to acquired susceptibility, genetic predisposition may also be important in the pathogenesis of AE. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) is the genetic factor most frequently associated with autoimmune diseases, due to its genetic complexity and key role in the adaptive immune response. The aim of the study is to describe HLA profile in three groups of autoimmune encephalitis and related disorders: anti-LGI1, anti-CASPR2 and anti-GAD neurological diseases.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Start Date October 1, 2019
Completion Date October 1, 2020
Primary Completion Date February 1, 2020
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
HLA in autoimmune encephalitis and related disorders 12 Months
Clinical relevance of HLA in autoimmune encephalitis and related disorders 12 Months
Enrollment 160
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Presence of anti-LGI1, anti-CASPR2 or anti-GAD antibodies in serum or cerebrospinal fluid; 2. Clinical picture compatible with the detected antibody (limbic encephalitis in anti-LGI1; limbic encephalitis, neuromyotonia or Morvan's syndrome in anti-CASPR2; limbic encephalitis, cerebellar ataxia or stiff-person syndrome in anti-GAD Exclusion Criteria: - Absence of complete clinicobiological data.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Jerome HONNORAT, PhD Principal Investigator Centre de référence des syndromes neurologiques paranéoplasiques et encéphalites auto-immunes
Overall Contact

Last Name: Jerome HONNORAT, PhD

Phone: 4 72 35 78 08

Phone Ext.: 33

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Contact: Centre de référence des syndromes neurologiques paranéoplasiques et encéphalites auto-immunes Jerome HONNORAT, PhD 4 72 35 78 08
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

September 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: Patients with antibodies against LGI1

Description: This is a non-interventional study involving biological samples (DNA). Samples are already stored in biobank repositories and collected as part of "good clinical practice" in the diagnostic process of patients with suspected autoimmune encephalitis, meaning that the standard diagnostic and therapeutic approaches will not be altered in the selected study population. Patients have already gave explicit written consent for biological specimens sampling and storage at the "Centre de Ressources Biologiques des Hospices Civils de Lyon" (CRB-HCL)/NeuroBioTec (including tissue, cells or biological fluids) and genetic analysis for research purposes (e.g. involving genes related to the disease for which the patient was followed). Additionally, patients will be informed about the present study.

Label: Patients with antibodies against CASPR2

Description: This is a non-interventional study involving biological samples (DNA). Samples are already stored in biobank repositories and collected as part of "good clinical practice" in the diagnostic process of patients with suspected autoimmune encephalitis, meaning that the standard diagnostic and therapeutic approaches will not be altered in the selected study population. Patients have already gave explicit written consent for biological specimens sampling and storage at the "Centre de Ressources Biologiques des Hospices Civils de Lyon" (CRB-HCL)/NeuroBioTec (including tissue, cells or biological fluids) and genetic analysis for research purposes (e.g. involving genes related to the disease for which the patient was followed). Additionally, patients will be informed about the present study.

Label: Patients with antibodies against GAD

Description: This is a non-interventional study involving biological samples (DNA). Samples are already stored in biobank repositories and collected as part of "good clinical practice" in the diagnostic process of patients with suspected autoimmune encephalitis, meaning that the standard diagnostic and therapeutic approaches will not be altered in the selected study population. Patients have already gave explicit written consent for biological specimens sampling and storage at the "Centre de Ressources Biologiques des Hospices Civils de Lyon" (CRB-HCL)/NeuroBioTec (including tissue, cells or biological fluids) and genetic analysis for research purposes (e.g. involving genes related to the disease for which the patient was followed). Additionally, patients will be informed about the present study.

Acronym ICARE
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Case-Control

Time Perspective: Retrospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

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