Comparison of Effectiveness of Virtual Reality With Mirror Therapy in Improving Motor Function of Upper Limb of Stroke Patients

June 27, 2022 updated by: Nouman Khan, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University
The purpose of the study is to compare the effectiveness of virtual reality and mirror therapy in stroke patients. Different studies has been done to find out the best therapy for stroke patients. Use of virtual reality in medical field is becoming more popular now-a-days. Different devices and applications are available to treat various conditions. Research has been done to find the clinical applications of virtual reality for upper limb motor rehabilitation in stroke. in another study, mirror therapy with bilateral arm training was used for hemiplegic upper extremity motor functions in patients with chronic stroke. After doing literature review, it was found that no research has been done to compare the effectiveness of mirror therapy with virtual reality in improving motor function of upper limb of stroke patients. So, In this study these two therapies are compared. For virtual reality Oculus Quest 2 has been used. Patients were allowed to use beat saber game on Oculus.

Study Overview




Study Type


Enrollment (Anticipated)



  • Not Applicable

Contacts and Locations

This section provides the contact details for those conducting the study, and information on where this study is being conducted.

Study Locations

  • Pakistan
    • Federal
      • Islamabad, Federal, Pakistan, 44000
        • Recruiting
        • Shifa tameer e millat university
        • Principal Investigator:
          • Saleha Qamar, DPT

Participation Criteria

Researchers look for people who fit a certain description, called eligibility criteria. Some examples of these criteria are a person's general health condition or prior treatments.

Eligibility Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study

  • Child
  • Adult
  • Older Adult

Accepts Healthy Volunteers


Genders Eligible for Study



Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stroke affecting upper limb

Exclusion Criteria:

  • mental problem cognitive problem

Study Plan

This section provides details of the study plan, including how the study is designed and what the study is measuring.

How is the study designed?

Design Details

  • Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Interventional Model: Parallel Assignment
  • Masking: None (Open Label)

Arms and Interventions

Participant Group / Arm
Intervention / Treatment
Experimental: Group A
Group A receives virtual reality through Oculus Quest 2. Beat saber application will be used to improve upper limb's motor function of stroke patients. Total 1 hour session will be provided to each patient for 5 days a week. Total period 4 weeks
Oculus Quest 2 is virtual reality headset with 2 hand control remotes. Beat Saber application will be used on Oculus Quest 2.
Other: Group B
Group B receives mirror therapy through mirror therapy box. Total 1 hour session will be provided to each patient for 5 days a week. Total period 4 weeks
Mirror therapy is provided by mirror therapy box by placing it in sagittal plane of patient.

What is the study measuring?

Primary Outcome Measures

Outcome Measure
Measure Description
Time Frame
Fugl- Meyer Upper extremity scale
Time Frame: 4 weeks
Used to assess motor function of upper limb
4 weeks
Action arm research test
Time Frame: 4 weeks
To check motor activity of upper limb
4 weeks
Wolf motor function
Time Frame: 4 weeks
To identify motor activity of upper limb
4 weeks

Collaborators and Investigators

This is where you will find people and organizations involved with this study.


  • Principal Investigator: Saleha Qamar, MSPT*, Students

Publications and helpful links

The person responsible for entering information about the study voluntarily provides these publications. These may be about anything related to the study.

Study record dates

These dates track the progress of study record and summary results submissions to Study records and reported results are reviewed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to make sure they meet specific quality control standards before being posted on the public website.

Study Major Dates

Study Start (Actual)

April 4, 2022

Primary Completion (Anticipated)

July 20, 2022

Study Completion (Anticipated)

July 20, 2022

Study Registration Dates

First Submitted

June 27, 2022

First Submitted That Met QC Criteria

June 27, 2022

First Posted (Actual)

July 1, 2022

Study Record Updates

Last Update Posted (Actual)

July 1, 2022

Last Update Submitted That Met QC Criteria

June 27, 2022

Last Verified

June 1, 2022

More Information

Terms related to this study

Drug and device information, study documents

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated drug product


Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated device product


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