Blood Levels of Abacavir After One Dose in HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents

Single Dose Pharmacokinetic Study of Abacavir in HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents


Patrocinador principal: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Colaborador: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Fuente National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Resumen breve

The purpose of this study is to measure blood levels of abacavir in children and adolescents over a period of time following a single dose so that a dosage for adolescents can be determined.

Little is known about how abacavir is cleared by the body in adolescents. It has been shown that young children require a higher abacavir dose based on weight than adults. Older children, or adolescents, may not require as high a dose. This study may provide information as to whether the children's dose or the adult dose is better for HIV-infected adolescents.

Descripción detallada

Pharmacokinetic differences between children and adults have resulted in recommended doses of abacavir based on weight that are higher for children than for adults. There are insufficient data to determine whether the pediatric or adult dose is more appropriate for HIV-infected adolescent patients. This study measures pharmacokinetic data for abacavir in the adolescent population so that an appropriate dosage can be determined.

Patients are evenly enrolled into 2 groups based on Tanner Stage. Group I patients are Tanner Stage 1 or 2 (pre-pubertal). Group II patients are Tanner Stage 3, 4, or 5 (pubertal). Each patient receives a single oral dose of abacavir given as the commercially available oral solution. Pharmacokinetic blood samples are collected before dosing and at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 4, 6, and 8 hours post dose for abacavir concentrations.

Estado general Completed
Fecha de Terminación August 2002
Fase Phase 1
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Inscripción 24

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: Abacavir sulfate



Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

- Are 9 to 18 years of age.

- Are HIV-positive.

- Have a CD4 cell count above 200 cells/microL.

- Have a viral load (level of HIV in the blood) under 100,000 copies/ml.

- Have not changed their anti-HIV drugs for the 4 weeks before study entry.

- Are able to swallow study medications.

- Both males and females, agree to use a barrier method of birth control for 3 days after taking the abacavir dose for this study. (This study has been changed. In the earlier version, no birth control was needed.)

- Can be followed at a participating Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Unit (PACTU) for the entire study.

- Provide written consent of a parent or guardian, if under 18 years of age.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

- Have liver or kidney problems, as shown by screening tests.

- Have medical or surgical problems that affect movement or absorption in the stomach or gut.

- Have an opportunistic (AIDS-related) or serious bacterial infection requiring medicine at the time of enrollment.

- Have any diseases (other than HIV infection) or other findings that, in the investigator's opinion, might make it harmful for the patient to be on the study.

- Have a history of chronic alcohol use.

- Fall outside of a certain weight range for their age.

- Are pregnant or breast-feeding.

- Are receiving or have received abacavir.

- Are receiving nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, including efavirenz, delavirdine, or nevirapine; hydroxyurea; mycophenylate; rifampin, rifabutin, anticonvulsants, or other drugs that affect the liver; or chemotherapy for active cancer.

- Have received interferons, interleukins, HIV or other vaccines, or experimental therapy within 30 days before entering the study.

Género: All

Edad mínima: 9 Years

Edad máxima: 18 Years

Voluntarios Saludables: No

Oficial general
Univ of Alabama at Birmingham - Pediatric | Birmingham, Alabama, 35233, United States
Los Angeles County - USC Med Ctr | Los Angeles, California, 90033, United States
Children's Hospital of L.A. (Pediatric) | Los Angeles, California, 90054, United States
Univ of California, San Diego | San Diego, California, 92103, United States
Children's Hosp of Washington DC | Washington, District of Columbia, 200102916, United States
Univ of Florida Health Science Ctr / Pediatrics | Jacksonville, Florida, 32209, United States
Univ of Miami (Pediatric) | Miami, Florida, 33161, United States
Med College of Georgia | Augusta, Georgia, 30912, United States
The Med Ctr Inc | Columbus, Georgia, 31901, United States
Cook County Hosp | Chicago, Illinois, 60612, United States
Chicago Children's Memorial Hosp | Chicago, Illinois, 606143394, United States
Univ of Chicago Children's Hosp | Chicago, Illinois, 606371470, United States
Children's Hosp of Boston | Boston, Massachusetts, 021155724, United States
Univ of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey / Univ Hosp | Newark, New Jersey, 071032714, United States
Montefiore Med Ctr Adolescent AIDS Program | Bronx, New York, 10467, United States
Metropolitan Hosp Ctr | New York, New York, 10029, United States
Univ of Rochester Med Ctr | Rochester, New York, 146420001, United States
State Univ of New York at Stony Brook | Stony Brook, New York, 117948111, United States
Duke Univ Med Ctr | Durham, North Carolina, 277103499, United States
Columbus Children's Hosp | Columbus, Ohio, 432052696, United States
Med Univ of South Carolina | Charleston, South Carolina, 294253312, United States
Saint Jude Children's Research Hosp of Memphis | Memphis, Tennessee, 381052794, United States
Children's Med Ctr of Dallas | Dallas, Texas, 75235, United States
Texas Children's Hosp / Baylor Univ | Houston, Texas, 77030, United States
Ubicacion Paises

United States

Fecha de verificación

May 2012

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Sponsor

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Información de diseño del estudio

Propósito primario: Treatment