A Primary Care, EHR- Based Strategy to Promote Safe and Appropriate Drug Use

A Primary Care, EHR- Based Strategy to Promote Safe and Appropriate Drug Use


Lead Sponsor: Northwestern University

Collaborator: University of Illinois at Chicago

Source Northwestern University
Brief Summary

This study seeks to evaluate a low-literacy strategy in a primary health care setting for promoting safe and effective prescription medication use among English and Spanish-speaking patients with diabetes.

The investigators hypothesize that in comparison with patients receiving standard care, the patients that received the Electronic Health Record (EHR) strategy will 1) demonstrate better understanding of how to safely dose out their medication regimen; 2) have fewer discrepancies in their medication lists; 3) take their medication regimen more efficiently; 4) have greater adherence to their medication regimen.

Detailed Description

The strategy takes advantage of health information technology to assist patients with Medication Therapy Management (MTM) tasks, intervening with a set of low-literacy MTM printed tools triggered by the Electronic Health Record (EHR) in a primary health care clinic. Patients at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Medicine Clinic who are randomized to the intervention arm will be given three printed tools, one when they check in to the clinic and the other two when they check out. The Electronic Health Record (EHR) triggers the printing of these tools, and the receptionist hands them to the patient. Patients receive either English or Spanish language materials depending on the preference determined in the screening process and stored in their EHR.

Specific Aims

1. Refine and Field Test an EHR strategy for generating and distributing low literacy prescription information for English and Spanish-speaking patients

2. Assess the process of the EHR intervention and its fidelity for providing prescription information for patients at the point of prescribing and dispensing medications.

3. Evaluate the effectiveness of the EHR strategy to improve medication understanding, reconciliation, regimen consolidation, and adherence compared to standard care.

In addition, we will be powered to also investigate our strategy's impact on intermediary clinical outcomes including systolic blood pressure, HbA1c, and LDL cholesterol.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date June 2013
Completion Date September 2016
Primary Completion Date August 2016
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Medication adherence One month after patients receive intervention materials
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Clinical outcomes-systolic blood pressure, HbA1, and LDL cholesterol. Baseline interview and after 6 months
Enrollment 541

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: EHR Based Strategy to promote Safe and Appropriate Drug Use

Description: The printed tools presented in the intervention include: Medication Review: a consolidated list of the medications a patient is currently taking. Medication Sheet: a medication information sheet, including simplified prescription instructions, for each medication that a patient is newly prescribed. Medication List: a table that lists all medications taken by the patient and provides an orientation on how to best organize and simplify their medication regimen

Arm Group Label: Intervention Arm



Inclusion Criteria:

- 18-years old or older;

- have a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus either by ICD-billing codes or indicative medications;

- are prescribed at least (3) chronic condition medications according to the EHR medication list;

- are English or Spanish-speaking;

- have no imminent intention to move or change clinics within the next year;

- score 4 or higher on the six-question screener based on the Mini-Mental Status Exam;

- are primarily responsible for administering their own medications;

- prescribed a new chronic condition medication (including refills, and change in titrations) during their clinic visit and day.

Exclusion Criteria:

- under age of 18 years-old;

- does not speak English or Spanish;

- dependent on assistance for medication administration;

- scored less than 4 on the six-question screener;

- not prescribed a new medication or changed medication at clinical appointment;

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 90 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Bruce Lambert, PhD Principal Investigator Northwestern University
Northwestern University | Chicago, Illinois, 60611, United States
University of Illinois at Chicago | Chicago, Illinois, 60654, United States
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

September 2016

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Northwestern University

Investigator Full Name: Bruce Lambert

Investigator Title: Director, Center for Communication and Health

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Intervention Arm

Type: Experimental

Description: EHR Based Strategy to promote Safe and Appropriate Drug Use Patients randomized to the intervention arm will be given (3) print tools to assist in safe and appropriate medication use. These include a Medreview, Medsheet,and Medlist.

Label: Standard Care Arm

Type: No Intervention

Description: The control group will receive regular standard care at the Clinic. They will not receive any print tools.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Health Services Research

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov