OmniPod®-Type 1 Diabetes Insulin Management for Exercise Study

Insulin Management for Exercise in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes


Lead sponsor: York University

Source York University
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to compare the time spent in glucose target range (4.0-10.0 mmol/L) during exercise and in recovery using three different basal insulin management strategies for prolonged aerobic exercise: A) pump suspension for the duration of the activity, starting at the onset of exercise; B) A 50% basal rate reduction, performed 90-minutes in advance of exercise for the duration of the activity; and C) An 80% basal rate reduction, performed 90-minutes in advance of exercise for the duration of the activity.

Detailed Description

This project focuses on the effectiveness of various basal insulin reductions on the time spent in target range during and after aerobic exercise in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) on OmniPod® insulin pump therapy. The OmniPod® is a Health Canada approved tubing-free insulin pump device that uses an insulin delivery 'pod' and a Personal Diabetes Manager (PDM). The PDM is a wireless handheld device that programs the pod, captures diabetes management events (food, exercise, etc.), and acts as a glucose meter.

The primary objective of the protocol is to determine if a moderate basal insulin reduction (-50% of basal), performed 90-minutes before a 75-minute aerobic exercise session (with three 5-minute breaks), improves the time in target range compared to either a more aggressive basal rate reduction (-80%) or complete pump suspension at the onset of exercise in patients with T1D on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy. The time in target will be determined for both the exercise period and during a three-hour window after a standardized meal ingestion performed 30-minutes after the end of exercise.

In all three sessions, aerobic exercise (brisk walking/light jogging) will be performed in the post-absorptive state, ~ four hours after the last meal with their usual bolus insulin given. The exercise will consist of four 15-minute bouts of jogging at 50-60% of the participant's pre-determined aerobic capacity, separated by three 5-minute breaks (to simulate what is typically done in most team and individual workouts and sports). The subjects exercise intensity will be monitored continuously using heart rate and activity monitors.

Each participant will be assigned to a sequence of the three experimental visits through a randomization process. Each exercise session will be separated by at least three days and participants will be expected to complete all sessions within ~ 12 weeks from the time of the baseline/screening visit. Participants will be advised to avoid any vigorous exercise within 24 hours before or after the laboratory-based exercise tests. Subjects will be asked about activity during each clinic visit and phone call to monitor adherence to these recommendations.

Following each exercise session, the participant will rest for 30-minutes and then consume a standardized meal (50 g of carbohydrate, ~17g protein and ~8g of fat, Lean Cuisine). The amount of bolus insulin given at the post-exercise meal will be based on the carbohydrate content of the meal and the patient's own individualized insulin to carbohydrate ratio, and insulin sensitivity index and glycemic targets on their OmniPod® PDM, corrected to 75% of total dose to account for the increase in insulin sensitivity post-exercise. Insulin "corrections" will be given based on the patient's own OmniPod® settings (i.e. usual care). Insulin will be administered 10-minutes before the start of consuming the meal. If hypoglycemia occurs prior to the meal (blood glucose ≤ 3.9 mmol/L), subjects will be treated with 16 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates (Dex4, AMG Medical) prior to meal consumption.

The participant will be monitored for at least three hours after the standardized meal prior to discharge. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) low- and high-glucose 'alerts' will be activated. They will also be instructed to perform a standardized basal insulin reduction overnight to help reduce the risk of post-exercise nocturnal hypoglycemia (-20% from bedtime for 6 hours).

CGM sensors will be removed the next day at home and patients will be instructed to perform data upload using the appropriate websites (i.e. Dexcom Share/Clarity). The participant will bring the device to the next visit or an investigator will arrange for pickup.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date April 3, 2017
Completion Date February 1, 2018
Primary Completion Date February 1, 2018
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Time in interstitial glucose target range (CGM analysis) Approximately 4-5 hours
Enrollment 17

Intervention type: Other

Intervention name: Change in their basal insulin rate

Description: Individual with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy typically lower their basal insulin delivery for exercise. This study will compare 3 common strategies of basal insulin reductions for 75 minutes of aerobic exercise.



Inclusion Criteria:

- Clinical diagnosis of presumed autoimmune type 1 diabetes, receiving daily insulin

- Last A1C ≤ 9.9%

- Age: 18-65 years

- Duration of T1D: ≥ 2 years

- Using CSII via OmniPod® for at least 1 month (~50:50 bolus basal insulin ratio and on at least .25 units of insulin per kilogram body mass per day)

- Body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg/m2

- In good general health with no conditions that could influence the outcome of the trial, and in the judgment of the investigator is a good candidate for the study based on review of available medical history, physical examination and clinical laboratory evaluations

- Willing to adhere to the protocol requirements for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

- Physician diagnosis of active diabetic retinopathy (proliferative or hemorrhage in past 6 months) that could potentially be worsened by exercise

- Physician diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy with insensate feet

- Physician diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy

- Medications: Beta blockers, agents that affect hepatic glucose production such as beta adrenergic agonists, xanthine derivatives, Pramlinitide, any other hypoglycemic agent

- Participation in other studies involving administration of an investigational drug or device at the time of screening for the current study or planning to participate in another such study during participation in the current study

- Severe hypoglycemic event defined as the individual requiring third party assistance or hospitalization in the last 3 months

Gender: All

Minimum age: 18 Years

Maximum age: 65 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Michael C Riddell, PhD Principal Investigator York University
facility York University
Location Countries


Verification Date

January 2019

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: York University

Investigator full name: Michael Riddell

Investigator title: Professor, PhD

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 3
Arm Group

Arm group label: 80% basal insulin reduction

Arm group type: Other

Arm group label: 50% basal insulin reduction

Arm group type: Other

Arm group label: 100% basal insulin reduction

Arm group type: Other

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Crossover Assignment

Intervention model description: Patients with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy will remain on their usual insulin regimen. However, we are testing percent basal rate reductions during exercise (e.g. 80% reduction, 50% reduction, and 100% reduction).

Primary purpose: Other

Masking: None (Open Label)