Microfluidic Assessment of Clinical Outcomes in Preterm Newborns

Microfluidic Assessment of Clinical Outcomes in Preterm Newborns

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of Florida

Collaborator: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Source University of Florida
Brief Summary

Sepsis has its greatest impact in the prematurely born (preterm) population. Neonatal sepsis (sepsis within the first month of life) causes over one million deaths worldwide annually, and is one of the most common, difficult and costly problems to diagnose, treat and prevent. The preterm infant can suffer rates of sepsis up to 1000-fold higher than the full-term infant, and bears the brunt of the associated mortality and lifelong sepsis-survivor morbidity.

The project is enabled by several novel, validated, microfluidic technologies that are robust and easy to use with little training. These technologies provide comprehensive measures of the functionality of blood PMN population; a critical cellular component of innate immunity. The study team will also extract high-quality nucleic acids from microfluidic-sorted PMNs for transcriptomic analyses. Collectively, these techniques require a total of 250 microliters (µL) of blood, which makes them particularly useful for preterm infants where sample volume is limited, and facilitates serial assessments with unprecedented temporal resolution of key functions of PMNs.

These studies, integrated with bioinformatics approaches, will generate new tools for diagnosing sepsis in the newborn and predicting clinical outcomes. Such approaches have the capability to dramatically change the clinical management of the preterm infant, and potentially improve long-term outcomes while reducing hospital costs.

Detailed Description

Blood samples will be collected from two populations: preterm infants and term infants.

1. Preterm neonates (<32 weeks) the study team will collect a baseline 250 µl blood sample on day four of life and then approximately every three days, as is possible, until twenty-one days of life. In addition, for preterm neonates who have suspected sepsis, an additional 250 µl blood sample will be obtained on the day of suspected sepsis. After day twenty-one of life, 250 µl blood will be sampled one time per week until discharge, when a final 250 µl blood sample will be collected. The amount drawn for study related blood collections will not exceed the lesser of 50 ml or 3.0 ml/kg in an 8-week period.

2. Term neonates (>36 weeks) the study team will be collect a single 250 µl blood sample with the routine screen for metabolic disorders when they are >24 hours old. This will be the only study related blood collection for term neonates.

For all infants, term and preterm, the following data will be collected while the neonate is hospitalized: Demographic information (age, date of birth), past and present medical records, laboratory, microbiology, and all other test results, X-ray, CT, MRI, US and all other imaging test results, records about any medication received during admission, records of physical exam during admission, records of all vital signs and hemodynamic monitoring during admission, records of any procedure or intervention during admission, and condition at the discharge and discharge location.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date November 14, 2017
Completion Date September 2022
Primary Completion Date September 2022
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Prediction of Sepsis in Premature Neonates Days 4-21
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Neutrophil Function of Premature Neonate during Development Days 22-180
Enrollment 840
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Blood Collection Preterm

Description: Blood will be collected on day 4 of life and then approximately every 3 days until 21 days of life. Thereafter, one sample will be collected weekly until discharge. For preterm neonates that have suspected sepsis an additional sample will be collected within 24-48 hours of the initial sepsis evaluation.

Arm Group Label: Preterm Neonates

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Blood Collection Term

Description: A single 250 µl blood sample will be collected once the term neonate is >24 hours old.

Arm Group Label: Term Neonates

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Adult Blood collection

Description: One Time 1 ml of whole blood collected

Arm Group Label: Healthy Adult

Eligibility

Sampling Method: Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- For preterm neonates <32 weeks gestation at birth with no known or suspected congenital anomalies.

- For term neonates >36 weeks gestation at birth with no known or suspected congenital anomalies.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Congenital defects, suspected genetic disorders, 32-36 weeks completed gestation, or lack of consent.

Healthy Adult:

- Inclusion criteria Between the ages of 18 and 65 years of age

- Exclusion Criteria Taking any immune modifying medications or have an active immune modifying disease process

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 23 Weeks

Maximum Age: 42 Weeks

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
James L Wynn, MD Principal Investigator University of Florida
Overall Contact

Last Name: Jessice Cline

Phone: 352-294-8846

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Investigator: UF Health James L Wynn, MD 352-273-8980 [email protected] Lyle Moldawer, PhD Sub-Investigator Russ Hawkins, MD Sub-Investigator
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

June 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: Preterm Neonates

Description: Blood collection Preterm. From blood, the speed, directionality, and persistence of PMN chemotaxis using microfluidic devices and transcriptomic analysis will be measured.

Label: Term Neonates

Description: Blood collection Term. From blood, the speed, directionality, and persistence of PMN chemotaxis using microfluidic devices and transcriptomic analysis will be measured.

Label: Healthy Adult

Description: One-time whole blood draw of 1ml collection

Patient Data Undecided
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov