Respiratory Stability and Vegetative Coupling During Neonatal Skin-to-skin Care

Identification of Respiratory Stability Mechanisms During Skin-to-skin Care in Premature Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Infant-parent Vegetative Functions Coupling

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Amiens

Source Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Amiens
Brief Summary

The main purpose of this study is to identify and to determine the involvement of cardio-respiratory coordination mechanisms during SSC between the preterm infant and his (her) parent.

Detailed Description

The skin to skin care (SSC) is a technique that proceeds by laying the neonate ventrally on the parent's chest. Many positive effects are recognized as due to SSC i.e, maintaining the infant's body temperature, better sleep organization, neurocognitive development and cardio-respiratory stability, more strength in parent-infant affective relations, reduction in neonatal and parental stress, more success in feeding with breast milk. Nowadays, SSC is generalized in modern Neonatal Intensive Care Units as part of developmental care. However, the mechanisms involved in SSC are not totally understood. The hypothesis in this study is that the cardio-respiratory stability results partially from the intervention of the coordination between cardiac and respiratory activities. These suppose the involvement of complex mechanisms of cardio-respiratory coordination including neuro-autonomous loops with chemoreceptors and baroreceptors, bulbar vasomotor and respiratory regulatory centers, ortho-parasympathetic neuronal and chemical pathways and cardiac, vascular and lung effectors. In this study the identification of these characteristics will be performed by processing signals of ECG, SaO2 (arterial oxygen saturation), respiratory movements, perfusion index, cutaneous and ambient temperature extracted from the clinical monitoring systems. Each preterm infant included in the study will be explored twice, 5-10 days apart. The explorations will be carried out on 3 steps: before (at least 30 minutes), during (at least 60 minutes) and after (≥ 60 minutes) the SSC session. Each patient will participate in the study for 10 days at maximum. Inclusions in the study will last for a total period of 18 months and 10 days. The cardio-respiratory coordination will be assessed using coordigram technique, corresponding to the proportion of time with > 0.7 amplitude on spectral density.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date September 7, 2018
Completion Date September 1, 2019
Primary Completion Date September 1, 2019
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Cardio-respiratory coordination index 10 days
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Cardio-respiratory coordination index by phase analysis technique 10 days
Correlation between cardio-respiratory coordination index and SaO2 10 days
Correlation of temperatures (infant, parent) and cardio-respiratory coordination index 10 days
Enrollment 44
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Premature infant from 28weeks + 0 day to 36 weeks + 6 days gestational corrected age

- At least 72 hours postnatal age

- Benefiting skin-to-skin care

Exclusion Criteria:

- Severe congenital malformation and nervous system dysfunction (e.g., Ondine Sd)

- Septic shock

- Mechanical ventilation support

- Severe pulmonary arterial hypertension

- Analgesia morphinics at high dosage and curare

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 28 Weeks

Maximum Age: 36 Weeks

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Contact

Last Name: Sabrina GOUDJIL, Ph

Phone: 0322087741

Phone Ext.: +33

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Investigator: CHU Amiens-Picardie Sabrina GOUDJIL, Ph 0322087741 +33 [email protected] Sabrina GOUDJIL, Ph Principal Investigator
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

February 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Acronym PO-A-PO-PREMA
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov