The Efficacy of Ethnographic Participatory Action Research In Decreasing the Incidence of Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria

Using Ethnographic Participatory Action Research to Decrease the Incidence of Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Lifespan Healthcare Resource Limited

Source Lifespan Healthcare Resource Limited
Brief Summary

Female Genital Mutilation(FGM) is a harmful practice on girls and women which causes irreparable sexual, reproductive and psychological harm. It is an act of violence, extreme discrimination and fundamental human rights violation against women and girls. This practice leaves victims feeling scared, psychologically scarred and distressed. FGM sustains deep rooted inequality between the sexes, constitutes a barrier to female civic participation and social inclusion and therefore, leads to inequitable socio- economic growth and prosperity. The World Health Organization(WHO) estimates that an alarming 200 million girls alive today have undergone FGM, while an estimated 3 million girls are at risk annually. A common factor influencing the continuation of FGM is the need to conform to social norms. Social norms among other roles, influence behaviors that shape people's ability to protect their health and achieve their life potential.

Methods: The investigators have designed a quasi-experimental comparison group pre-post test study involving members of Oduma, Okigwe, Nkerefi, Edda communities in Eastern Nigeria. Our study will run for a period of 12 months. The investigators expect that the outcome of this study will lead to policy changes placing emphasis on using participatory action research in addressing FGM in Nigeria.

Detailed Description

FGM is a harmful practice on girls and women which causes irreparable sexual, reproductive and psychological harm. It is an act of violence, extreme discrimination and fundamental human rights violation against women and girls. This practice leaves victims feeling scared, psychologically scarred and distressed. FGM sustains deep rooted inequality between the sexes, constitutes a barrier to female civic participation and social inclusion and therefore, leads to inequitable socio- economic growth and prosperity. The WHO estimates that an alarming 200 million girls alive today have undergone FGM, while an estimated 3 million girls are at risk annually. A common factor influencing the continuation of FGM is the need to conform to social norms. Social norms among other roles, influence behaviors that shape people's ability to protect their health and achieve their life potential.

Methods: The investigators have designed a quasi-experimental comparison group pre-post test study involving members of Oduma community in Ebonyi state. This research study will run for a period of 12 months. The investigators expect that the outcome of this study will lead to policy changes placing emphasis on using participatory action research in addressing FGM in Nigeria

Rationale There is a considerable lack of information on the efficacy of interventions to reduce the prevalence of FGM in Nigeria. In addition, this research study is needed to provide critical updated information on the efficacy of participatory action research in improving communities knowledge and attitude towards SHRH and how this affects the prevalence of FGM.

Objectives:

To determine the efficacy of e- PAR in reducing the incidence of FGM in Nigeria.

To determine the efficacy of e-PAR in improving Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights(SRHR) knowledge.

To determine the efficacy of e-PAR in improving Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) attitudes.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date June 30, 2019
Completion Date June 30, 2020
Primary Completion Date June 30, 2020
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Incidence of Female Genital mutilation Secondary to Ethnographic Participatory Action Research(PAR) Intervention. 12 months
Enrollment 3000
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Behavioral

Intervention name: Participatory Action Research

Description: The research will employ a Participatory Action research quasi-experimental pre-post test study design .

Arm group label: E-PAR Arm

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Consenting Participants living in the intervention communities.

- Consenting community health workers working in the intervention communities.

- Consenting patent medicine sellers working in the intervention communities.

Exclusion Criteria:

-

Gender: All

Minimum age: 1 Year

Maximum age: 59 Years

Healthy volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Emmanuel Ihedioha, MD Principal Investigator Lifespan Heathcare Resource
Overall Contact

Last name: Emmanuel Ihedioha, MD

Phone: 23407038861841

Phone ext: 23407038861841

Email: [email protected]

Location
facility status contact Oduma Joy Amanze
Location Countries

Nigeria

Verification Date

October 2019

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: Lifespan Healthcare Resource Limited

Investigator full name: Dr.Ihedioha Emmanuel Chukwunwike

Investigator title: Principal Investigator

Has Expanded Access No
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Arm group label: E-PAR Arm

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: Exposed to media, information and communication technology through ethnographic participatory action research.

Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention model: Single Group Assignment

Primary purpose: Prevention

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov