Validation of Insulin Protocol for Prevention and Management of Hyperglycemia in Oncology Patients With Diabetes Receiving High Dose Glucocorticoid Therapy

Validation of Insulin Protocol for Glucocorticoid-induced Hyperglycemia in Diabetic Oncology Patients

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Washington University School of Medicine

Source Washington University School of Medicine
Brief Summary

There are no guidelines for the management of glucocorticoid- (henceforth steroid) induced elevated blood sugars (henceforth hyperglycemia). Oncology ward patients have particularly high rates of hyperglycemia and are frequently exposed to high dose steroid therapy. A prior study by Muthala et al. (unpublished data) found a relationship between insulin requirements needed to maintain normal blood sugars, patient weight, and mg of steroid administered. In this pilot study, through an endocrine consult team, a weight-based, steroid dose-based insulin protocol will be implemented for the management of hyperglycemia in lymphoma patients requiring high dose steroid therapy, with the goal of reducing hyperglycemia incidence.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date September 2013
Completion Date May 2015
Primary Completion Date May 2015
Phase Early Phase 1
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Incidence of hyperglycemia up to 5 days of hospital course
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Incidence of severe hyperglycemia up to 5 days of hospital course
Incidence of hypoglycemia up to 5 days of hospital course
Incidence of severe hypoglycemia up to 5 days of hospital course
Remission of primary oncologic diagnosis at one year 1 year
Enrollment 15
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Biological

Intervention name: Insulin protocol

Description: Within 24 hours of admission for diabetic participants, the inpatient oncology team will consult the endocrine team to apply the following part of the protocol, confirm NPH insulin dosing, and ensure that oral hypoglycemics are held. The following basal-bolus protocol is standard of care for inpatient diabetics requiring insulin at Barnes Jewish Hospital. The alternative practice has been to use 60-80% of the home insulin regimen while patients are hospitalized. For patients using home insulin, the admitting oncology team will enact one of these methods while awaiting the endocrine service's formal recommendations. Determine basal-bolus insulin requirement for the patient based on body weight: Patient weight (kg) x 0.5-0.7 Units/kg = Units of total insulin per 24 hours The TDD can be divided into 50% basal (glargine) and 50% meal time (lispro) insulin, plus sliding scale insulin (lispro).

Arm group label: Insulin protocol

Eligibility

Criteria:

For diabetics enrolled on admission:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age ≥ 18 years old

- Type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with insulin secretagogues or insulin prior to hospitalization

- Diagnosis of lymphoma

- Plan to treat with steroids of minimum equivalent of 20 mg prednisone per day

- Hospitalized for at least 48 hours

- Decision-making capacity to provide own consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Type 1 diabetes

- Any contraindication to insulin therapy

- Patients only on single agent therapy such as metformin, thiazolidinediones (TZDs), Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors, or Exenatide®, for safety concerns

- Insulin requirement of >1.5 units of insulin/kg

- If a patient required ICU stay during the hospitalization, data from 12 hours before, during, and 12 hours after ICU stay will be omitted to avoid confounding of the effect of critical illness on glycemic control

- Pregnancy, confirmed with a urine b-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) (for all women between the age of 18 and 60 years old)

Patients who develop a blood glucose > 235 mg/dL after admission will be eligible for study enrollment based on the following:

Inclusion criteria:

- Age ≥ 18 years old

- Diagnosis of lymphoma

- Plan to treat with steroids of minimum equivalent of 20 mg prednisone per day

- Will be hospitalized for at least an additional 48 hours

- Decision-making capacity to provide own consent

Exclusion criteria:

- Any contraindication to insulin therapy

- If a patient required ICU stay during the hospitalization, data from 12 hours before, during, and 12 hours after ICU stay will be omitted to avoid confounding of the effect of critical illness on glycemic control

- Pregnancy, confirmed with a urine b-HCG (for all women between the age of 18 and 60 years old)

Gender: All

Minimum age: 18 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Location
facility Washington University in St. Louis
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

May 2018

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Arm group label: Insulin protocol

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: For diabetic patients, as part of the initial chemotherapy orders on admission, the following will be calculated by the primary oncologist to determine the amount of neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin needed to cover steroid use in prednisone equivalents (all insulin in this study is to be administered subcutaneously): Use 0.1 (mg of prednisone equivalent - 20)/20 x weight (kg) to estimate total insulin in 24 hours (Total daily dose (TDD)) Total daily NPH dose will be divided equally based on the frequency of steroid administration, and given with each steroid dose. For nondiabetic participants with hyperglycemia recruited during admission, the inpatient oncology team will consult the endocrine team within 24 hours of eligibility for NPH dosing as above.

Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention model: Single Group Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov