Evaluation of Pazopanib on Bleeding in Subjects With Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia

A Phase II Study to Evaluate the Effects of up to 12 Weeks of Pazopanib Dosing on Bleeding in Subjects With Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: GlaxoSmithKline

Source GlaxoSmithKline
Brief Summary

This study will investigate whether pazopanib can reduce epistaxis and improve anaemia in subjects with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) at a dose that is well tolerated. The study will have 2 parts. Part A will be an open label, dose-escalation study in which up to 4 cohorts of approximately 6 subjects each will receive increasing doses of pazopanib for a maximum of 12 weeks. The dose in the first cohort will be 50mg per day and the maximum dose in a cohort will be 400 mg per day. Dose escalation will not occur as planned if the predefined safety stopping criteria are met or at least 4 subjects in a cohort have demonstrated efficacy (as measured by epistaxis, haemoglobin, transfusion or iron infusion requirements). If efficacy is demonstrated in Part A with an acceptable safety profile, Part B will be initiated to further define the optimal dose(s) including dose duration/schedule and to provide further support for the proof of mechanism. Approximately 15 subjects will participate and will be randomised to active or placebo in a ratio of 3:2. This part of the study will be double-blind.

Overall Status Terminated
Start Date February 25, 2015
Completion Date February 10, 2016
Primary Completion Date February 10, 2016
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change From Baseline in Epistaxis Severity Score at the Indicated Time Points Baseline, Week 6, Week 12, Week 16, Week 20, Week 24 and Week 28
Change From Baseline in the Average of the Last 3 Hemoglobin Measures in the Dosing Period (Week 9, Week 10.5 and Week 12) Baseline, Week 9, Week 10.5 and Week 12
Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin at the Indicated Time Points Baseline, Week 1.5, Week 3, Week 4.5, Week 6, Week 7.5, Week 9, Week 10.5, Week 12, Week 16, Week 20, Week 24 and Week 28
Duration of Epistaxis Over the Last 2 Weeks of the Dosing Period and by Time Over the Entire Dosing and Follow-up Period by 2 Week Interval (From Daily Diaries) Over last 2 weeks of the run-in phase and then 2 week intervals throughout treatment period and follow-up period (from daily diaries)
Frequency of Epistaxis Over the Last 2 Weeks of the Dosing Period and by Time Over the Entire Dosing and Follow-up Period by 2 Week Interval (From Daily Diaries) Over last 2 weeks of the run-in phase and then 2 week intervals throughout treatment period and follow-up period (from daily diaries)
Intensity of Epistaxis Over the Last 2 Weeks of the Dosing Period and by Time Over the Entire Dosing and Follow-up Period by 2 Week Interval (From Daily Diaries) Over last 2 weeks of the run-in phase and then 2 week intervals throughout treatment period and follow-up period (from daily diaries)
Total Iron Intake Over the Last 4 Weeks of the Dosing Period Last 4 weeks of run-in and during last 4 weeks of dosing period
Total Iron Intake Over the Entire Dosing and Follow-up Period by 4 Week Interval Last 4 weeks of run-in and during last 4 weeks of dosing period
Total Units of Packed Red Blood Cells (PRBCs) Transfused During the Entire Dosing and Follow-up Period by 4 Week Interval Over the last 4 weeks of run-in and at 4 week intervals during dosing and follow-up
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change From Baseline in the Average of the Last 3 Ferritin Measures in the Dosing Period (Week 9, Week 10.5 and Week 12) Baseline, Week 9, Week 10.5 and Week 12
Change From Baseline in Ferritin at the Indicated Time Points Baseline, Week 1.5, Week 3, Week 4.5, Week 6, Week 7.5, Week 9, Week 10.5, Week 12, Week 16, Week 20, Week 24 and Week 28
Overall Health-related (HR) Quality of Life (QOL) Score Measured Using SF-36v2 at Day 1, Week 6 and Week 12 Day (D) 1, Week (W) 6 and Week 12
Number of Participants With the Indicated Clinical Chemistry Values of Potential Clinical Concern Up to Week 16
Number of Participants With Vital Signs Data Meeting Criteria of Potential Clinical Concern Up to Week 16
Number of Participants With Electrocardiogram (ECG) Data Meeting Criteria of Potential Clinical Concern Up to Week 16
Number of Participants With Urinalysis Data Meeting Criteria of Potential Clinical Concern Up to Week 16
Number of Participants With Any Adverse Events (AE) or Serious Adverse Event (SAE) From start of investigational product (IP) through the Study Phase (12 weeks post-dose) (assessed up to 28 weeks)
Plasma Concentration of GW786034 at the Indicated Time Points Weeks 3, 6, 9 and 12
Graphical Exploration of PK/Pharmacodynamic (PD) Relationships Between Pazopanib Exposure and Selected PD Weeks 3, 6, 9 and 12
PK/PD Modeling Analysis to Characterize the Relationship Between Pazopanib Trough Concentrations and Epistaxis Frequency and Duration/Severity Weeks 3, 6, 9 and 12
Enrollment 7
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Pazopanib

Description: Pazopanib is available as 50 mg and 200 mg tablets to be administered orally once daily in the morning at least one hour before or two hours after a meal for 12 weeks

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Placebo

Description: Pazopanib matching placebo is available as tablets to be administered orally once daily in the morning at least one hour before or two hours after a meal for 12 weeks

Arm Group Label: Part B-Dose Optimization phase

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Males/females aged between 18 and 75 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent.

- Diagnosis of definite or possible HHT by the Curaçao criteria. According to the Curaçao criteria, a definite diagnosis of HHT is defined as having at least 3 of the following criteria while a possible diagnosis is defined as 2 criteria: a) spontaneous and recurrent epistaxis; b) multiple telangiectasias at characteristic sites: lips, oral cavity, fingers, nose; c) visceral lesions: gastrointestinal (GI) telangiectasia, pulmonary, hepatic, cerebral or spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs); d) a first degree relative with HHT according to these criteria.

- Subject meets at least one of the following criteria: a) Severe epistaxis over previous 4 weeks defined as an average of at least 3 nose bleeds per week AND a total duration of greater than 15 min per week AND requiring iron therapy (oral and/or intravenous); b) Moderate or severe iron deficiency anaemia (Hgb < 11gram [g]/deciliter [dL], at screening) despite iron infusions (at least 0.5g iron per month) or blood transfusions (at least 2 units per month) AND substantial compromise in the quality of life according to the investigator (e.g. nose bleeds, lethargic, cannot maintain job, listless, fatigue). Anaemia must be HHT related in the opinion of the investigator, ie: due to HHT-defined bleeding (epistaxis and/or bleeding from the GI tract [presence of telangiectatic lesions, exclusion of active ulcer disease or other infection, inflammation]), and lack of other known etiologies such as blood dyscrasias.

- Epistaxis (if applicable) is considered to be clinically stable during the 4 weeks prior to Screening in the clinical judgment of the investigator (i.e. no major changes in frequency or duration of epistaxis).

- A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy [for this definition, "documented" refers to the outcome of the investigator's/designee's review of the subject's medical history for study eligibility, as obtained via a verbal interview with the subject or from the subject's medical records]; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhoea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) > 40 milli-international units per milliliter (MIU/mL) and estradiol < 40 picogram per milliliter (pg/mL) (<147 picomole per liter [pmol/L]) is confirmatory].

- Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.

- Subject is able and willing to return for outpatient visits at the protocol specified intervals.

- Subject agrees not to undergo laser ablation of nasal telangiectasias or take any experimental therapies for HHT other than the study drug while participating in the study (over the counter medications, topical treatments, nasal hygiene and palliative therapies are acceptable as long as use is consistent). If subjects stop taking experimental therapies on entry to the study there should be a wash-out period of at least 5 half-lives prior to the start of the run-in).

- Based on averaged corrected QT either Bazett's formula (QTcB), Fridericia's formula (QTcF) values of triplicate ECGs obtained over a brief recording period: QTc < 450 milliseconds (msec); or QTc < 480 msec in subjects with Bundle Branch Block.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones; and with the exception of vascular abnormalities that are related to the HHT).

- Subject has known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to pazopanib that in the opinion of the investigator contradicts their participation.

- Currently has untreated cerebral vascular malformations (CVMs) (Note: magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] scan does not need to be repeated at Screen if CVMs were absent on scan after age 18 years or in the last 5 years).

- Currently has known pulmonary AVMs with feeding artery diameter >3 millimeter (mm).

- Symptomatic liver AVMs (defined as chronic right upper quadrant pain, symptomatic portal hypertension or heart failure).

- Known significant bleeding sources other than nasal or gastrointestinal.

- Systemic use of a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor in the past 12 weeks or previous enrolment in this study.

- Current use of anticoagulants including but not limited to vitamin K antagonists (e.g., warfarin) at any dose; unfractionated or low molecular weight heparins at standard doses for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) (e.g., enoxoparin); antiplatelets (e.g., clopidogrel), or direct factor Xa inhibitors (e.g., apixaban). Use of low dose aspirin <= 81mg is allowed as long as use is consistent.

- Active and recent onset diarrhoea.

- Current or recent malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers) Subject has: a) had major surgery (eg, surgical ligation of an AVM) or trauma within 28 days; b) had minor surgical procedures (eg, central venous access line removal) within 7 days prior to dosing; c) any non-healing wound, fracture or ulcer

- Subject has clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities (other than HHT-related vascular lesions) including, but not limited to: malabsorption syndrome, major resection of the stomach or small bowel that could affect the absorption of study drug (eg, short bowel syndrome), active peptic ulcer, known intraluminal metastatic lesions/s with suspected bleeding, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation, lifetime history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess

- Subject has a history of cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischaemic attacks), pulmonary embolism or untreated deep vein thrombosis (DVT) within the 6 months prior to first dose of study drug.

- Subject has a history of any one or more of the following cardiovascular conditions within the 6 months prior to first dose of study drug: cardiac angioplasty or stenting, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, ischaemic stroke, symptomatic peripheral vascular disease

- Class III or IV congestive heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA).

- A positive pre-study Hepatitis B surface antigen or positive Hepatitis C antibody result within 3 months of screening.

- Hgb < 7 gram per deciliter (g/dL).

- Platelets < 100x10^9/L, International normalized ratio (INR) > 1.2x upper limit of normal (ULN) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) >1.2xULN.

- Alanine aminotransferese (ALT) >= 2xULN or bilirubin > 1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).

Subject has poorly controlled hypertension [defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) >= 140 millimeter of mercury (mmHg) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >= 90mmHg]. Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to study entry. At Screening, blood pressure must be assessed three times and the mean SBP/DBP must be <140/90 mmHg in order for a subject to be eligible for the study.

- Substantive renal disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 60 mL/minute/1.73 meter^3 calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula)

- Thyroid stimulating hormone > ULN.

- Urine protein creatinine ratio >0.3

- White blood cell count< 3500/mm^3.

- Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood or blood products in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period.

- The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the start of the run-in period: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer).

- Unable or unwilling to discontinue use of prohibited medications mentioned below for at least 14 days or 5 half-lives of a drug (whichever is longer) prior to the start of the run-in period and for the duration of the study. Medications that inhibit Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) may result in increased plasma pazopanib concentrations; therefore, co-administration of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors is PROHIBITED beginning 14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment until 15 days after the last dose of pazopanib. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors include (but are not limited to): Antibiotics: clarithromycin, telithromycin, troleandomycin; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): protease inhibitors (ritonavir, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, amprenavir, lopinavir); Antifungals: itraconzaole, ketoconazole, voriconazole, fluconazole; Antidepressants: nefazodone, Miscellaneous: grapefruit, grapefruit juice or other grapefruit product. statins, anticoagulants and tamoxifen use is prohibited.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 75 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
GSK Clinical Trials Study Director GlaxoSmithKline
Location
Facility:
GSK Investigational Site | Los Angeles, California, 90095, United States
GSK Investigational Site | Augusta, Georgia, 30912-3135, United States
GSK Investigational Site | Saint Louis, Missouri, 63110, United States
GSK Investigational Site | Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, United States
GSK Investigational Site | Salt Lake City, Utah, 84132, United States
GSK Investigational Site | Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada
Location Countries

Canada

United States

Verification Date

April 2017

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Part A- Dose Escalation phase

Type: Experimental

Description: Part A will be an open label, dose-escalation study in which 4 cohorts of approximately 6 subjects will receive increasing doses of pazopanib for a maximum of 12 weeks. The dose in the first cohort will be 50mg per day and the maximum dose in a cohort will be 400 mg per day. Dose escalation will not occur if the predefined safety stopping criteria are met or at least 4 subjects in a cohort have demonstrated efficacy. Cohort 4 receiving 400 mg dosing schedule may involve cycles of up to 3 weeks of active treatment, followed by up to 3 weeks wash-out (instead of 12 weeks continuous dosing). Decision will be based on safety data obtained from lower doses

Label: Part B-Dose Optimization phase

Type: Experimental

Description: If efficacy is demonstrated in Part A with an acceptable safety profile, Part B will be initiated to further define the optimal dose(s) including dose duration/schedule and to provide further support for the proof of mechanism. Approximately 15 subjects will participate and will be randomised to active or placebo in a ratio of 3:2. This part of the study will be double-blind

Study Design Info

Allocation: Non-Randomized

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov