The Effect of Tadalafil on Cerebral Large Arteries in Stroke Patients

Effect of Tadalafil on Cerebral Large Arteries in Stroke

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Christina Kruuse

Source Herlev Hospital
Brief Summary

In a double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study the effect of tadalafil on blood flow velocity in the large arteries of the brain, cortical brain oxygenation, peripheral endothelial function, and endothelial biomarkers will be tested in patients with lacunar stroke caused by cerebral small vessel disease.

Detailed Description

Stroke frequently causes death and decreased function in the everyday life, and the disease has a great human and economic impact. Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is the underlying cause of 25 % of all ischemic cerebral strokes and it can further lead to vascular cognitive impairment (VCI), disability and in some cases vascular dementia (VaD). It is well known that cerebral blood flow (CBF) is reduced in VCI. To be able to improve the blood flow in the vasculature of white and gray matter is therefore desirable in slowing the pathology of VCI.

The nitric oxide-cGMP vasodilator pathways has been shown to be impaired in endothelial dysfunction which is seen in SVD.This study targets this well-established mechanism of action by use of a compound selectively inhibiting the breakdown of cGMP, the PDE5 inhibitor tadalafil.

The overall hypothesis is that chronic PDE5 inhibition with tadalafil will lessen the severity and progression of vascular brain lesions via augmentation of cerebral blood flow in the deep brain areas. The specific primary hypothesis for the current project is that PDE5 inhibition with a single dose of tadalafil (Cialis®) will, in contrast to placebo, temporarily change the blood flow in the large blood vessels in the brain and change cortical brain oxygenation in patients with cerebral small vessel disease measured with Transcranial Doppler and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). The secondary hypothesis is that tadalafil will improve the peripheral endothelial function measured as improved blood vessel response in the fingers after a brief occlusion of the arm's blood supply measured with EndoPAT2000. In addition there will be a change of endothelial function biomarkers in the blood after a single dose of tadalafil, and these changes are consistent with the measured peripheral and central blood vessel function.

In regulation of cerebral artery flow and neuronal signalling nitric oxide (NO) and cGMP act as key molecules. In animal models, selective inhibitors of the cGMP degrading PDE5, sildenafil and tadalafil, have been reported to improve the associated symptoms of endothelial dysfunction and stroke recovery. Pre-clinical studies support a CBF-enhancing action of PDE5 inhibitors in cerebrovascular disease while human studies to date have been limited to sildenafil and have not specifically addressed effects on CBF in people with SVD.

Tadalafil (Cialis®; Eli Lilly) is widely prescribed for erectile dysfunction in men. It is also registered for regular daily use at a dose of 40 mg for pulmonary hypertension and 5 mg for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The side effects of tadalafil is well-known and the medicine is usually well tolerated. Tadalafil was chosen over other PDE5 inhibitors (such as sildenafil, Viagra®) due to it's potency, plasma half-life, selectivity for PDE5, and documented brain penetration.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date November 29, 2016
Completion Date August 4, 2017
Primary Completion Date August 4, 2017
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Difference in Blood flow velocity change in middel cerebral artery (MCA) between placebo and tadalafil Measurement before and up to three hours after intake of tadalafil/placebo.
Difference in cortical brain oxygenation between placebo and tadalafil Measurement before and up to three hours after intake of tadalafil/placebo.
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Changes in endothelial response Measurement before and three hours after intake of tadalafil/placebo.
Changes in endothelial biomarkers in blood Blood samples before and 3,5-4 hours after intake of tadalafil/placebo.
Enrollment 20
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Tadalafil

Description: Single dose, 20 mg capsule p.o. minimum one week apart from placebo. MRI of cerebrum before the first trial day. Transcranial Doppler to measure blood flow velocity in MCA bilaterally before and after intervention. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure cortical brain oxygenation before and after intervention. EndoPAT2000 to estimate endothelial function before and after intervention. Endothelial biomarkers in blood samples before and after intervention.

Arm group label: Active Treatment

Other name: Cialis

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Placebo

Description: Single dose, matching capsule p.o. minimum one week apart from active treatment. MRI of cerebrum before the first trial day. Transcranial Doppler to measure blood flow velocity in MCA bilaterally before and after intervention. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure cortical brain oxygenation before and after intervention. EndoPAT2000 to estimate endothelial function before and after intervention. Endothelial biomarkers in blood samples before and after intervention.

Arm group label: Control

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Radiological evidence of cerebral small vessel disease defined as: MRI evidence of lacunar infarct(s) (≤ 1.5 cm maximum diameter) and/or confluent deep white matter leukoaraiosis (≥ grade 2 on Fazekas scale).

2. Clinical evidence of cerebral small vessel disease can be:

1. lacunar stroke syndrome with symptoms lasting >24 hours occurring at least 5 months previously; OR

2. transient ischemic attack (TIA) lasting < 24 hours with limb weakness, hemi-sensory loss or dysarthria at least 5 months previously AND with MR DWI performed acutely showing lacunar infarction, OR if MRI is not performed within ten days of TIA, a lacunar infarction in an anatomically appropriate position is demonstrated on a subsequent MRI.

3. Age ≥ 50 years.

4. Imaging of the carotid arteries with Doppler ultrasound, CT angiography, or MR angiography in the previous 12 months demonstrating < 70% stenosis in both internal carotid arteries.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Known diagnosis of dementia

2. Pregnancy or nursing

3. Cortical infarction (>1.5 cm maximum diameter)

4. Systolic BP < 90 and/or diastolic BP < 50

5. eGFR < 30 ml/min/1,73m2

6. Severe hepatic impairment

7. History of Lactose intolerance

8. Concomitant use of PDE5 inhibitors e.g. sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil

9. Patients receiving nicorandil and nitrates e.g. isosorbide mononitrate, isosorbide dinitrate, glyceryl trinitrate

10. Body weight > 130kg

11. Uncontrolled cardiac failure

12. Persistent or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

13. History of "sick sinus syndrome" or other supraventricular cardiac conduction conditions such as sinoatrial or atrioventricular block

14. Uncontrolled COPD

15. Stroke or TIA within the last 5 months.

16. MRI not tolerated or contraindicated: MRI exclusion criteria: Participant has a cardiac pacemaker; recent surgery; vascular clips; metal implants or joint replacements that are not compatible with MRI; have had metal fragments in their eyes; has ever worked on a lathe; has shrapnel from a war injury; possibility of pregnancy

17. Known monogenic causes of stroke i.e. CADASIL

18. The patient does not wish to know important results from MRI

19. Unable to provide informed consent

20. Not possible to localise a. cerebri media bilaterally on inclusion day with Transcranial Doppler

Gender: All

Minimum age: 50 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Christina R Kruuse, MD, PhD Principal Investigator Consultant Neurologist, Dept Neurology, Herlev Hospital
Location
facility Department of Neurology, Herlev-Gentofte Hospital
Location Countries

Denmark

Verification Date

August 2017

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor-Investigator

Investigator affiliation: Herlev Hospital

Investigator full name: Christina Kruuse

Investigator title: MD, PhD, DMSc, Consultant Neurologist, Associate Professor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Arm group label: Active Treatment

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: Tadalafil 20 mg Capsule. MRI of cerebrum pre dose. Transcranial Doppler, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), endothelial response with EndoPAT2000, and endothelial biomarkers (pre and post dose).

Arm group label: Control

Arm group type: Placebo Comparator

Description: Placebo Capsule. MRI of cerebrum pre dose. Transcranial Doppler, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), endothelial response with EndoPAT2000, and endothelial biomarkers (pre and post dose).

Acronym ETLAS
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Crossover Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov