Impact of Volunteerism in the Acute Setting: Guiding Rehabilitative Exercises in Patients After Total Knee Replacement (TKR). A Pilot Study

Impact of Volunteerism in the Acute Setting

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Tan Tock Seng Hospital

Source Tan Tock Seng Hospital
Brief Summary

Rehabilitation, with a particular emphasis on physiotherapy and exercise, is widely promoted and strongly recommended after total knee replacement (TKR). The primary goals of rehabilitation are to improve knee range-of-motion, muscle strength, functional mobility and perceived quality of life. Exercises are usually prescribed and guided by a physiotherapist attending to the patient. The intensity of rehabilitation has an impact on clinical outcome. A study done by Lee et al in 2012 concluded that higher exercise dose translates to better function after TKR, especially in older population and for those with higher pain. Various literatures has also strongly recommended twice a day rehabilitation session for patients after TKR (Cook et al, 2008; Smith et al 2012).

Detailed Description

Rehabilitation, with a particular emphasis on physiotherapy and exercise, is widely promoted and strongly recommended after total knee replacement (TKR). The primary goals of rehabilitation are to improve knee range-of-motion, muscle strength, functional mobility and perceived quality of life. Exercises are usually prescribed and guided by a physiotherapist attending to the patient. The intensity of rehabilitation has an impact on clinical outcome. A study done by Lee et al in 2012 concluded that higher exercise dose translates to better function after TKR, especially in older population and for those with higher pain. Various literatures has also strongly recommended twice a day rehabilitation session for patients after TKR (Cook et al, 2008; Smith et al 2012). The standard practice in the in-patient setting is that physiotherapist will attend to the TKR patients once a day and remind patients to perform exercises by themselves, following the exercise booklet given, during their free time in the ward to maximise their recovery. However, due to post-operative fatugue, pain and fearful of movement, most of the patients are not compliant to the exercises given.

Volunteers have been present in health care settings for centuries. Several studies have shown that volunteers can be an essential part of the healthcare system. They are commonly involved in non-clinical tasks such as providing emotional support to patients and families (Burbeck et al., 2014), assisting with meals (Robinson et al., 2014) and facilitating recreational activities in patients with dementia (Hall et al., 2017).

However, no study has investigated the involvement of volunteers in actual clinical work. Our study aim to explore the feasibility of volunteers involvement in teaching and guiding exercises which conventionally done by physiotherapists, and to investigate the effectiveness of such volunteer service. There is no existing evidence on volunteers dealing with elderly patients in acute stage right after surgery as well, and this clinical research will be the first to explore that.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date June 16, 2019
Completion Date June 15, 2020
Primary Completion Date June 15, 2020
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Knee flexion and extension range of motion through study completion, an average of 5 days
Quadriceps strength through study completion, an average of 5 days
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Pain intensity through study completion, an average of 5 days
Timed up and Go test through study completion, an average of 5 days
Length of stay through study completion, an average of 5 days
survey through study completion, an average of 5 days
quiz through study completion, an average of 5 days
Enrollment 40
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Other

Intervention name: Volunteers Service

Description: Subjects in the intervention group will receive standard physiotherapy care and an additional volunteers session once a day for at least 3 times during their stay in the hospital. The volunteer will set up the TKR exercise video for the subjects, then supervise or guide the subjects with the exercises. All volunteers are recruited from TTSH volunteers pool managed by Center of Health Activation (CHA). TKR volunteers are trained by the study team, including a formal classroom session and a practical and role play session. After the training, volunteers need to pass 3 assessment by the physiotherapists in order to attend to patients independently by themselves. Volunteers who are bilingual will attend to the subject alone, or else those who can only converse in Chinese/ English will pair up with another volunteer who knows another language to make sure there is no communication barrier between volunteers and patients.

Arm group label: Intervention arm

Intervention type: Other

Intervention name: Exercise brochure

Description: . The control group subjects will receive only standard physiotherapy care and they will be instructed to perform 1 set of exercises daily following a brochure given. The exercises in the brochure and exercises taught by the volunteers are the same. The video and brochure are available in both English and Chinese version.

Arm group label: Control arm

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Standard unilateral TKR without complications

- 55 years or older

- Pain less than or equal to 6/10 (i.e or between mild to moderate)

- Cognitively intact (able to follow at least 1-step instruction consistently)

- Vitals stable (Blood pressure, HR, oxygen saturation)

- Able to verbalise understanding and give informed consent

- Able to understand Mandarin or English

Exclusion Criteria:

- Unable to follow instructions consistently due to

- Cognitive impairment (Dementia, delirium)

- Behavioural issues (Confused, aggressive)

- Visually or hearing impaired

- Language illiteracy (listening)

- Medically unstable such as Hb drop (< 8) , acute desaturation

- Reduced exercises tolerance- Unable to tolerate a 20 minutes exercise session

- Post-operative complication such as delirium, DVT, cardiac issues.

- Excessive bleeding from the wound dressing

Gender: All

Minimum age: 55 Years

Maximum age: 85 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Eng Chuan Neoh, masters Principal Investigator Senior Physiotherapist
Overall Contact

Last name: Eng Chuan Neoh, Masters

Phone: 91733222

Email: [email protected]

Location
facility status contact Tan Tock Seng Hospital Eng Chuan Neoh, masters 91733222 [email protected]
Location Countries

Singapore

Verification Date

August 2019

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: Tan Tock Seng Hospital

Investigator full name: Eng Chan Neoh

Investigator title: Senior Physiotherapist

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Arm group label: Intervention arm

Arm group type: Other

Description: Subjects in the intervention group will receive standard physiotherapy care and an additional volunteers session once a day for at least 3 times during their stay in the hospital. The volunteer will set up the TKR exercise video for the subjects, then supervise or guide the subjects with the exercises.

Arm group label: Control arm

Arm group type: Other

Description: The control group subjects will receive only standard physiotherapy care and they will be instructed to perform 1 set of exercises daily following a brochure given

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Intervention model description: This is a randomised controlled trial, eligible subjects will be randomised by research coordinator to either control or intervention group based on block randomisation with sealed envelop.

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Masking description: Investigator and outcome assessor will be blinded from the group allocation. Research coordinator will be the the only person handling randomization, group allocation, arrange for volunteers to attend to the patient or not, and arrange for assessor to assess the patients.

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov