Milk Patch for Eosinophilic Esophagitis

A Double, Blind Placebo-controlled, Randomized Trial to Study Efficacy and Safety of the Viaskin Milk for Treating Milk Induced Eosinophilic Esophagitis in Children


Lead Sponsor: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Collaborator: DBV Technologies

Source Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Brief Summary

This is a single-site, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial to study efficacy and safety of the Viaskin® Milk Patch for children with milk induced Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE). 20 subjects will be randomized 3:1 to Viaskin® Milk or placebo patch.

Detailed Description

This is a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial to study the efficacy and safety of Viaskin® Milk, an allergen extract of milk administered epicutaneously using the Viaskin® epicutaneous delivery system (EPIT) in subjects from 4 to 17 years old with a milk induced Eosinophilic Esophagitis. Subjects will be randomized in a 3:1 ratio into two different treatment groups, to receive EPIT with Viaskin® Milk (500 µg of milk proteins) or placebo.

Subjects who complete the double-blind treatment period (approximately 11 months), will automatically rollover into an open label treatment period (additional 11 months). All subjects will receive the 500 µg (micrograms) Viaskin Milk patch.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date October 2015
Completion Date November 20, 2018
Primary Completion Date December 20, 2017
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in Maximum Esophageal Eosinophil Count From Baseline to End of Double-blind Treatment. (Intent to Treat Population) From baseline to month 11 (end of double blind phase)
Change in Eosinophils/High Power Field at End of Double-blind (DB) (Per Protocol Patients) Month 11(end of double blind phase)
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Eosinophilic Esophagitis Symptom Score (Intent to Treat Population) Total Symptom Score at End of DB Phase, Month 11
Esophageal Endoscopy Score (ITT) At end of DB phase, at 11 months
Eosinophils Per HPF at End of Double Bind Protocol (Per Protocol) Patients End of DB Phase, at 11 months
Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis Symptom Score (ITT) Month 11, end of Double Blind Phase
Endoscopy Score (Per Protocol Patients) Month 11 (end of double blind phase)
Pediatric Eosinophil Esophagitis Symptom Score (PP Population) Month 11, End of Double Blind Placebo Control
Enrollment 20

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Viaskin Milk 500 mcg

Description: Biological: Viaskin Milk 500 mcg Subjects epicutaneously administered daily (up to 24 hours application per day) with a patch containing 500 mcg cow's milk proteins.

Arm Group Label: Viaskin Milk 500 mcg

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Viaskin Placebo

Description: Biological: Viaskin Placebo Subjects epicutaneously administered daily (up to 24 hours application per day) with a patch containing a matching placebo formulation.

Arm Group Label: Viaskin Placebo



Inclusion Criteria:

- Well-documented medical history of Eosinophilic Esophagitis after ingestion of milk and currently following a strict milk-free diet.

- Upper endoscopy and biopsy at initial clinical evaluation during Visit 2 showing greater than 15 eosinophils/high power field (HPF) isolated to the esophagus meeting the consensus diagnosis of Eosinophilic Esophagitis, after milk was re-introduced into the subject's diet (30 ml/day for 1 week to 2 months), while the subject was on proton pump inhibitor.

- Upper endoscopy and biopsy at second clinical evaluation during Visit 3 showing less than 5 eosinophils per HPF isolated to the esophagus after a minimum of 6 weeks under milk-free diet, and while the subject is on proton pump inhibitor.

- Negative pregnancy test for female subjects of childbearing potential. Females of childbearing potential must use effective method of contraception to prevent pregnancy and agree to continue to practice an acceptable method of contraception for the duration of participation in the study. Sexual abstinence will be accepted as an effective method of contraception for girls below 18 years of age.

- Subjects and/or parents/guardians willing to comply with all study requirements during their participation in the study.

- Signed informed consent from parent(s)/guardian(s) of children < 18 years + children's assent.

- Subjects agree to maintain a constant diet during the trial, with the exception of milk.

- Subjects will maintain constant medications for asthma and allergic rhinitis during the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Subjects with a history of severe anaphylaxis to milk with the following symptoms: hypotension, hypoxia, neurological compromise (collapse, loss of consciousness or incontinence), Quincke Edema or requiring intubation.

- Active IgE- mediated milk allergy.

- Pregnancy or lactation.

- Subjects with other eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders.

- Subjects on swallowed corticosteroids or anti-leukotrienes for Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

- Subjects with symptomatic allergy to pollens whose symptoms during the corresponding pollen season might interfere with the recording of symptoms during the upper endoscopy/biopsy, if the upper endoscopy/biopsy is conducted during the pollen season. The Investigator will have to ensure that the period for conducting the upper endoscopy for such a subject will be outside of the pollen season.

- Subjects treated with systemic long-acting corticosteroids (depot corticosteroids) within 12 weeks prior to Visit 1 and/or systemic short-acting corticosteroid within 4 weeks prior to Visit 1 or any systemic corticosteroid at screening.

- Subjects with asthma conditions defined as follows:

1. Uncontrolled persistent asthma by National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Asthma guidelines (2007).

2. at least two systemic corticosteroid courses for asthma in the past year or one oral corticosteroid course for asthma in the past three months;

3. prior intubation for asthma in the past two years.

- Subjects on β-blocking agents, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, calcium channel blockers or tricyclic antidepressant therapy.

- Subjects undergoing any type of immunotherapy to any food within one year prior to Visit 1.

- Subjects presently on aeroallergen immunotherapy and unwilling or unable to discontinue.

- Subjects currently treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs or anti-Immunoglobulin E (IgE) drugs or any biologic immunomodulatory therapy within one year prior to Visit 1.

- Allergy or known hypersensitivity to placebo excipients either of the Viaskin® or Tegaderm®.

- Subjects suffering from generalized dermatologic diseases with no intact skin zones to apply the Viaskin®, or urticarial and mast cell disorders such as chronic idiopathic urticaria.

- Subjects (or parents of subjects) with obvious excessive anxiety and unlikely to cope with the conditions of an upper endoscopy and biopsy.

- Past or current disease(s), which in the opinion the sponsor-investigator, may affect the subject's participation in this study including but not limited to active autoimmune disorders, immunodeficiency, malignancy, uncontrolled diseases (hypertension, psychiatric (especially anxiety), cardiac), or other disorders (e.g., liver, gastrointestinal, kidney, cardiovascular, pulmonary disease, or blood disorders).

- Any history of drug or alcohol abuse in the past five years.

- Subjects unable to follow the protocol and the protocol requirements.

- Participation in another clinical intervention study in the three months prior to Study Visit 1.

- Subjects on any experimental drugs or treatments.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 4 Years

Maximum Age: 17 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Antonella Cianferoni, MD, PhD Principal Investigator Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Facility: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

June 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Investigator Full Name: Antonella Cianferoni

Investigator Title: Assistant Professor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Viaskin Milk 500 mcg

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Viaskin patch containing milk protein. The patch is applied to the skin

Label: Viaskin Placebo

Type: Placebo Comparator

Description: Viaksin patch without any milk protein.

Acronym SMILEE
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)