Individualizing Hemophilia Prophylaxis Using Thromboelastography

Individualizing Hemophilia Prophylaxis Using Thromboelastography

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Source Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Brief Summary

Currently dosing for prophylaxis is not individualized, and the general approach is to use a dose of 25-40 units/kg given 3 times per week or every other day. One of the issues with weight-based dosing is the possible over-treatment. This is likely due to the fact that laboratory tests are not sensitive enough at the low levels to support decision-making. The Thromboelastograph (TEG®) and Thromboelastometry (ROTEM®) are coagulation devices, which assess the dynamics of clot formation over time and have several characteristics which suggest they may provide important information for individualized prophylaxis treatment for our patients.

Detailed Description

This is a pilot study in children and adults with severe hemophilia A that utilizes the TEG/ROTEM to personalize their prophylaxis treatment.

Primary objectives:

• Assess the feasibility of TEG/ROTEM-guided modification of the current prophylaxis regimen for individuals with severe hemophilia A. Specifically, to:

- Test and refine the operational protocol for using TEG/ROTEM to guide factor dosing

- Estimate the proportion of hemophilia A patients whose dose will be modified based on TEG/ROTEM results

- Monitor short term safety of patients whose dose has been modified.

Secondary objectives

- Perform thrombin generation assays to provide additional evidence supporting the TEG/ROTEM-guided dosing.

- Obtain preliminary data on the economic impact of TEG/ROTEM-guided hemophilia A dosing regimens.

- Obtain preliminary data on the potential improvement of subject/family burden resulting from TEG/ROTEM-guided regimen using generic and specific quality of life tools.

The study period will consist of screening, pharmacokinetic (PK) study and follow-up. For subjects whose prophylaxis treatment regimen is modified, the follow-up period will include 3 follow-up clinic visits and 4 follow-up phone calls; these patients will remain on study for approximately 6 months following completion of the PK-study then will have an end of the study visit (visit 9). Subjects whose treatment regimen is not altered will end their study participation after Visit 2 and continuing with their current prophylaxis regimen.

Study endpoints: A safety review will be conducted after the first 6 subjects complete 30 days with the extended prophylaxis treatment. If no safety issues are identified, the study will proceed, and second safety review will be after an additional 8 subjects complete 30 days of extended treatment. If a subject has two or more spontaneous bleeds in 30 days, the subject will be removed from the study. For subjects who did not have bleeds and completed at least 6 months of the study, ongoing prophylactic treatment will be decided by their treating physician.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date May 20, 2014
Completion Date December 31, 2017
Primary Completion Date December 31, 2017
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Feasibility of TEG/ROTEM-guided prophylaxis modification for patients, assessed by estimated proportion of patients whose dose is modified. Ongoing while patients are on study (~ 6 months)
Monitoring short-term safety of patients whose dose has been modified, assessed by monitoring number, type, and severity of bleeds. Ongoing while patients are on study (~ 6 months)
Feasibility of TEG/ROTEM-guided prophylaxis modification for patients, assessed by testing and refining operational protocol for using TEG/ROTEM to guide factor dosing. Ongoing while patients are on study (~ 6 months)
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Thrombin generation assay will be performed to provide additional evidence supporting the TEG/ROTEM-guided dosing. 6 months
Assessment of direct costs for all subjects whose treatment was modified using factor consumption 6 months before, and the 6 months during study participation. 1 year
Assessment of indirect costs for all subjects whose treatment was modified using factor consumption 6 months before, and the 6 months during study participation. 6 months
Improvement of subject/family burden as assessed by the Health-Related Quality of Life. 6 months
Enrollment 18
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Other

Intervention name: Thromboelastography/Thromboelastometry-Guided Treatment Regimen

Description: The results of the TEG/ROTEM assay (specifically the R time/CT) will be used to determine the prophylaxis treatment regimen.

Arm group label: Severe Hemophilia A Subjects

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Males, 5-70 years, inclusive

- Plasma FVIII activity <1% documented (Laboratory result or MD documentation of Severe Hemophilia A diagnosis)

- Currently prescribed prophylaxis treatment regimen infusing ≥3 times a week

- Willing to alter their prophylaxis treatment regimen per study protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

- Bleeding disorder(s) other than Hemophilia A

- Current inhibitor (>0.6BU)

- Thrombocytopenia (platelet count <100,000K/µL since it can alter TEG®/ROTEM® results)

- Creatinine >2x the upper limit of normal (indicating potential platelet dysfunction)

- Prothrombin time >3 seconds above the upper limit of normal (indicating potential liver dysfunction)

- Any concurrent clinically significant major disease, frequent bleeding pattern or history of non-compliance that, in the opinion of the investigator, would make the subject unsuitable for enrollment

- Participation within the past 30 days in any other clinical study involving investigational drugs

- Planned major surgery within 30 days prior to screening or during the study period

- Current use of any medication known to have effects on the coagulation system

Gender: Male

Minimum age: 5 Years

Maximum age: 70 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Location
facility CHLA
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

February 2019

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Investigator full name: Guy Young

Investigator title: Guy Young, MD

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Arm group label: Severe Hemophilia A Subjects

Arm group type: Other

Description: The results of the TEG/ROTEM assay (specifically the R time/CT) will be used to determine the prophylaxis treatment regimen.

Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention model: Single Group Assignment

Primary purpose: Other

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov