Estimation of the Incidence of Colonization of Peripheral Venous Catheters After Skin Disinfection With 0.5% Sodium Hypochlorite, Preceded or Not by an Application of 70% Ethanol

Estimation of the Incidence of Colonization of Peripheral Venous Catheters After Skin Disinfection With 0.5% Sodium Hypochlorite, Preceded or Not by an Application of 70% Ethanol: Pilot, Monocentric, Randomized, Open-label Study

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Poitiers University Hospital

Source Poitiers University Hospital
Brief Summary

The peripheral venous catheter is the most commonly used medical device in the hospital setting. Infectious complications are infrequent, bacterial or fungal, and local or systemic (catheter-related bacteremia). The latter prolong the length of hospitalization and increase the cost of care and mortality. For peripheral venous catheters, the risk of catheter-related bacteremia is lower (0.2-0.7 episodes per 1000 catheter days) than for other intravascular devices. However, the much higher number of peripheral venous catheters used explains a total number of infections close to that of other catheters. Colonization is usually the preliminary step to catheter infection. It is far more common than infection. Skin disinfection prior to catheter insertion is therefore essential to prevent this complication. Currently, Chlorhexidine or Povidone Iodine in alcoholic solution is recommended before insertion of a peripheral venous catheter. Although rare, allergies may contraindicate these antiseptics. The widespread use of antiseptics in recent years for hand disinfection, mouthwashes or body baths could increase the risk of the development of strains that have become less sensitive, or even resistant, to currently available antiseptics. Allergies and reduced sensitivity require the search for alternatives to currently available solutions. Sodium hypochlorite is used to disinfect mucous membranes or healthy skin before an invasive procedure in children under 30 months of age. Very few studies have evaluated its efficacy in adults for this same indication, despite the fact that it was the first antiseptic used to prevent infections. The aim of this study is to estimate the colonization rate of peripheral venous catheters after skin disinfection with 0.5% sodium hypochlorite (Dakin®) alone or preceded by an application of 70% ethanol.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date 2020-06-15
Completion Date 2021-01-08
Primary Completion Date 2021-01-08
Phase Phase 4
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Incidence of colonized catheters Up to 14 days
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Local infection, defined as colonization of the catheter or purulent discharge at the insertion site with a positive culture or no culture at the insertion site (a negative culture, in the absence of antibiotics, eliminates the case) Up to 14 days
General infection, defined as colonization of the catheter in the presence of general signs of infection and total or partial regression of these signs within 48 hours after catheter removal Up to 16 days
Catheter-related bacteremia/fungemia Up to 14 days
Incidence of a positive catheter culture regardless of the threshold and the microorganism under consideration Up to 14 days
Incidence of local skin reaction and its severity Up to 14 days
Enrollment 240
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution

Description: Disinfection with a 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution applied with a sterile compress. This same antiseptic will be used at each dressing change.

Arm Group Label: 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution and 70% ethanol

Description: Disinfection with a 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution applied with a sterile compress preceded by an application of 70% ethanol with a sterile compress, for its immediate bactericidal action. 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution will be applied once the alcohol has evaporated and the skin is visually dried. These same antiseptics will be used at each dressing change.

Arm Group Label: 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution and 70% ethanol

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Adult patient (≥18 years old) requiring hospitalization in participating services - Having an indication for the placement of a peripheral venous catheter for an expected duration of at least 48 hours - Free subject, without guardianship or curatorship or subordination - A person affiliated to or benefiting from a social security scheme. - Having given free and informed consent Exclusion Criteria: - Hypersensitivity to any of the constituents of Dakin® and/or Cooper® modified alcohol; - History of epilepsy, - Placement of a peripheral venous catheter in the emergency room that does not allow the usual rules of hygiene to be respected; - Difficult vascular access foreseeable (drug addict, obese, non-visible veins...); - Participation in another research protocol reducing the risk of catheter-related infection; - Patient having received an antibiotic treatment in the 15 days prior to inclusion in the study; - Patient who has already participated in the study; - Subjects not affiliated with a Social Security system. - Subjects benefiting from enhanced protection, namely persons deprived of their liberty by a judicial or administrative decision, persons staying in a health or social institution, adults under legal protection (guardianship and trusteeship) and finally patients in emergency situations. - Pregnant or breastfeeding women, women of child-bearing age who do not have effective contraception (hormonal/mechanical: per os, injectable, transcutaneous, implantable, intrauterine device, or surgical: tubal ligation, hysterectomy, total oophorectomy...).

Gender:

All

Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:

N/A

Healthy Volunteers:

No

Location
Facility: University Hospital of Poitiers
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

2020-05-01

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution

Type: Active Comparator

Label: 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution and 70% ethanol

Type: Active Comparator

Acronym DACLEAN
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

This information was retrieved directly from the website clinicaltrials.gov without any changes. If you have any requests to change, remove or update your study details, please contact [email protected]. As soon as a change is implemented on clinicaltrials.gov, this will be updated automatically on our website as well.

Clinical Research News