Native T1 Mapping by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Rare Diseases
Native T1 Mapping by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Rare Diseases- A New Method to Improve Patient Care
Lead Sponsor: University College, London
|Source||University College, London|
Fabry Disease (FD) is a rare, X-linked lysosomal storage disorder leading to left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, arrhythmia and heart failure. Cardiac involvement is the leading cause of death in FD. Treatment with enzyme replacement therapy is expensive, may be poorly targeted and there are difficulties in early detection and disease monitoring. T1 mapping signal change is a potential remarkable biomarker for FD.
Fabry400 is a multicentre study aiming to understand the biology of Fabry Disease and its relationship to non-invasive multi parametric mapping by CMR.
Our understanding of cardiac involvement in FD is limited because the myocyte storage cannot be assessed non-invasively. However with the development of CMR T1 mapping this maybe possible. T1 mapping demonstrated excellent discrimination between FD and other causes of LVH, and this property is highly suggestive of a direct but intricate relationship between T1 signals and abnormal fat storage. Specifically, 50% of patients without LVH have low T1 values, suggesting that T1 is an early disease marker in FD. This property may prove particularly useful for assessing disease progression and treatment response in early disease.
In CMR, LGE in FD characteristically occurs in the basal inferolateral wall. LGE is associated with a poor response to therapy and adverse outcomes. Hybrid imaging with PET/MR has shown that some FD LGE may be inflammation. T2 mapping may be useful as it is a sensitive detector of inflammation and oedema, for example discriminating acute from chronic myocardial infarction, and diagnosing myocarditis, particularly in the setting of chronic myocarditis or heart failure.
The aims of this study are:
1. Improve the diagnosis of cardiac involvement by recognition of early disease
2. Detect early changes and responses to therapy
3. Improve the understanding of the pathophysiology of cardiac involvement using multiparametric mapping by CMR
This is a cohort observational study of FD patients including children, patients starting ERT, ERT naïve patients and LVH positive patients. Follow up scans at 6 months and 12 months will be done on patients starting ERT. CMR Scanning will use T1 and T2 mapping techniques against established gold-standard sequences. The patients will also have ECHO and ECG. Blood biomarkers will be collected (serum, plasma and urine).
|Overall Status||Unknown status|
|Start Date||February 19, 2015|
|Completion Date||February 19, 2019|
|Primary Completion Date||August 19, 2018|
Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample
Inclusion Criteria: - Gene-positive Fabry Disease - Male or female - Age at least 9 years Exclusion Criteria: - Any absolute contraindication to CMR - Pregnancy
- Gene-positive Fabry Disease
- Male or female
- Age at least 9 years
- Any absolute contraindication to CMR
Minimum Age: 9 Years
Maximum Age: N/A
Healthy Volunteers: No
Last Name: James Moon, MD
Email: [email protected]
|Has Expanded Access||No|
|Study Design Info||
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective