Safety and Efficacy of Cemiplimab (PD-1 Blockade) in Selected Organ Transplant Recipients With Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (CONTRAC)

Cemiplimab in AlloSCT/SOT Recipients With CSCC

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Collaborator: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals

Source Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brief Summary

In this research study, Cemiplimab is being evaluated as a treatment for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in participants who have previously received an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant or kidney transplant.

- This research study involves the following drug(s):

- Cemiplimab

- Everolimus or Sirolimus

- Prednisone

Detailed Description

- This an open-label, two cohort, phase I/II research study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Cemiplimab as a treatment for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in participants who have received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell or kidney transplants.

- The research study procedures include screening for eligibility, study treatment, participant evaluations and safety follow-up visits. It is expected that about 12 people will take part in this research study.

- Participants will be divided into two groups (cohorts) of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell recipients or kidney transplants recipients.

- Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell recipients will only receive the study treatment drug of Cemiplimab.

- Kidney transplant recipients will receive the study treatment drug of Cemiplimab along with the immunosuppressant drugs of Everolimus or Sirolimus and Prednisone to prevent kidney rejection.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Cemiplimab as a treatment option for patients with advanced cutaneous squamous cell cancer, but the FDA has not approved the use of Cemiplimab in participants who have received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants or kidney transplants in the past.

-- Cemiplimab is a type of drug called a monoclonal antibody. Antibodies are proteins naturally found in your blood that fight infections. A monoclonal antibody is a special kind of antibody that is manufactured as a medication to target specific proteins in the body that may be involved this type of cancer.

Cemiplimab is a human monoclonal anti-PD-1 antibody that works by blocking the programmed death-1 (PD-1), a cell receptor on immune cells that is involved in preventing immune cells from destroying other cells. Blocking the receptor is expected to help immune cells attack cancer cells.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Start Date May 2020
Completion Date July 1, 2022
Primary Completion Date July 1, 2021
Phase Phase 1
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Rate of Dose Limiting Toxicity first dose of study treatment up to 100 days
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Progression Free Survival Rate Time from registration to the earlier of progression or death due to any cause up to 1 year
Overall Survival Rate Time from registration to death due to any cause, or censored at date last known alive up to 1 year
Overall Response Rate Up to 1 year
Therapeutic Response Rate Up to 1 year
Secondary Infection Rate Up to 1 year
Enrollment 12
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Cemiplimab

Description: Cemiplimab: via IV, flat predetermined dosage every 21 days.

Other name: Libtayo

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Everolimus

Description: Everolimus at least 7-10 days prior to receiving the first dose of cemiplimab (Cycle 1, Day 1) and then daily while eceiving Cemiplimab

Arm group label: Cohort 2 Cemiplimab + Everolimus/Sirolimus + Prednisone

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Sirolimus

Description: Sirolimus at least 7-10 days prior to receiving the first dose of cemiplimab (Cycle 1, Day 1) and then daily while receiving Cemiplimab

Arm group label: Cohort 2 Cemiplimab + Everolimus/Sirolimus + Prednisone

Other name: Rapamune

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Prednisone

Description: 40 mg orally the day prior to the start of cemiplimab dosing (Cycle 1, Day 1) and then daily at tapered dosing while receiving Cemiplimab

Arm group label: Cohort 2 Cemiplimab + Everolimus/Sirolimus + Prednisone

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have histologically confirmed, advanced or metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) with 1 or more measurable lesions (greater than or equal to 1 cm).

- A history of either (Cohort 1) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) and ≥ 2 years or 730 days from day 0 of their HSCT with adequate bone marrow function (see Section 3.1.6) and off of all systemic immunosuppression (topical agents permitted) for at least 3 months prior to enrollment; sequelae of chronic GVHD is permitted (i.e. chronic dry eyes, sclerodermatous skin changes, etc.) if the patient is not on systemic immunosuppression, or (Cohort 2) a renal transplant with a functioning allograft (at least 6 months from allograft transplant) as determined by estimated glomerular filtration (GFR) rate (CKD-EPI equation [40], Appendix A) ≥ 30 mL/min, baseline proteinuria lower than 0.5 g/day (spot urine protein-creatinine ratio), and off antiproliferative immunosuppressive medications. Willing to provide blood and tissue from diagnostic biopsies.

- Age 18 years or older.

- ECOG performance status ≤ 2 (Karnofsky ≥ 60%, see Appendix B).

- Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

- leukocytes ≥ 2,200/mcL

- absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mcL

- platelets ≥ 90,000/mcL

- total bilirubin within normal institutional limits (except in cases where Gilbert syndrome is known or suspected, where total bilirubin should be < 3 mg/dL)

- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 2.5 × institutional upper limit of normal

- creatinine ≤ 1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal OR

- estimated GFR ≥ 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with creatinine levels above institutional normal (CKD-EPI equation).

- urine protein/creatinine ratio < 0.5 (equal to less than 500 mg of proteinuria per day)

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

- A prior history of acute GVHD that has resolved, or sequelae of chronic GVHD following allo-HSCT is permitted. Active acute GVHD patients are excluded.

- Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use at least 1 highly effective form of contraception (refer to Appendix C for examples). WOCBP should plan to use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for up to 7 months (30 days plus the time required for cemiplimab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.

"Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP)" is defined as any female who has experienced menarche, who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy), who is not postmenopausal, who is sexually active with a male partner. Menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes. In addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level less than 40 mIU/mL.

- Women of childbearing potential, as defined above, must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of cemiplimab.

- Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 months after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of childbearing potential as defined above, and azoospermic men) do not require contraception. See Appendix C for further guidance on contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

- Participants who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have unresolved toxicities from prior anti-cancer therapy more than 4 weeks earlier, defined as not resolved to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 5.0), grade 0 or 1.

- Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.

- For Cohort 1 allo-HSCT patients enrolling to the study, corticosteroid doses > 10 mg of prednisone daily or equivalent within 4 weeks of the first dose of PD-1 inhibitor are prohibited. For Cohort 2 renal transplant patients enrolling to the study, corticosteroid use is permitted if used as part of their immunosuppressive regimen for graft protection prior to enrollment.

- Existing significant autoimmune conditions. Patients with a history of Hashimoto thyroiditis who are stable on replacement hormone therapy are not excluded.

- Known human immunodeficiency virus carrier or a diagnosis of immunodeficiency. Any positive test result for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus indicating presence of virus, e.g., Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, Australia antigen) positive, or Hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) positive (except if HCV-RNA negative).

- Kidney transplant recipients with active acute rejection.

- Allergy to cemiplimab or any of its components.

- Any prior exposure to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor idelalisib.

- Subject who has been treated with immunotherapy. This includes prior treatment with anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways (including chimeric antigen receptor [CAR] T cell therapies). Prior topical or intralesional immunotherapies (e.g. imiquimod, talimogene laherparepvec) are allowed.

- Subject with known and untreated brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. However, baseline brain imaging is not required prior to enrollment in the study if patients are asymptomatic. Patients at least 4 weeks out from metastatic central nervous system (CNS) treatment are permitted to enroll, if they are asymptomatic, radiographically stable per the investigator, and on stable doses of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) and oral corticosteroids (for Cohort 1 only, the patient must be on 10 mg of prednisone daily equivalent dosing or less, see 3.2.2) at the time of enrollment.

- Participants receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 are ineligible. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated list such as http://medicine.iupui.edu/clinpharm/ddis/table.aspx; medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product.

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or cardiac arrhythmia.

- Known non-infectious pneumonitis or any history of interstitial lung disease.

Gender: All

Minimum age: 18 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Glenn J Hanna, MD Principal Investigator Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Overall Contact

Last name: Glenn J Hanna, MD

Phone: (617) 632-3090

Email: [email protected]

Location
facility contact investigator
Dana Farber Cancer Institute Glenn J Hanna, MD 617-632-3090 [email protected] Glenn J Hanna, MD Principal Investigator
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

April 2020

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Investigator full name: Glenn J. Hanna

Investigator title: Principal Investigator

Keywords
Has Expanded Access
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Arm group label: Cohort 1 Cemiplimab

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: Participants who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant -- Cemiplimab: via IV, flat predetermined dosage every 21 days

Arm group label: Cohort 2 Cemiplimab + Everolimus/Sirolimus + Prednisone

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: Participants who received a kidney transplant will receive Cemiplimab via IV, flat predetermined dosage every 21 days Everolimus or Sirolimus-least 7-10 days prior to receiving the first dose of cemiplimab (Cycle 1, Day 1) and then daily while receiving Cemiplimab Prednisone 40 mg orally the day prior to the start of cemiplimab dosing (Cycle 1, Day 1) and then daily at tapering doses while receiving Cemiplimab

Acronym CONTRAC
Patient Data Yes
Study Design Info

Allocation: Non-Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov