The Effectiveness of a Mobile Application in Educating Partial Denture Wearers

The Use of Mobile Application as a Tool for Patient Education

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: National University of Malaysia

Source National University of Malaysia
Brief Summary

A randomised control trial to evaluate the effect of a mobile application on partial denture wearers's dental knowledge, oral hygiene and denture hygiene. The null hypothesis of the study states that there will be no difference in dental knowledge, oral and denture hygiene among patients educated using the mobile application compared to those educated using the conventional method of verbal instructions accompanied by demonstrations on dental models.

Detailed Description

Partial denture wearers are at higher risk of developing caries and periodontal disease. Thus, providing oral and denture hygiene care instructions after denture delivery is crucial for prevention of oral diseases. A mobile application was developed using the progressive web application technology for chairside education and to serve as a reference material. The effect of the mobile application on patient's dental knowledge compared to the conventional method was evaluated using a knowledge questionnaire administered before and after education. The knowledge scores obtained were analysed using the Two-way mixed ANOVA test. Patients' oral hygiene was assessed by comparing the Silness and Loe Plaque Index and Gingival Index scores before and after education. Denture hygiene was evaluated by comparing the denture plaque score before and after education. Statistical analysis of the Plaque Index, Gingival Index and denture plaque score was done using Mann-Whitney U Test and Friedman Test.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date July 29, 2019
Completion Date November 12, 2019
Primary Completion Date November 12, 2019
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in knowledge score Change from baseline knowledge score at 3 months after education
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in Plaque Index score Change from baseline Plaque Index score at 1 month and 3 months after education
Change in Gingival Index score Change form baseline Gingival Index score at 1 month and 3 months after education
Change in Denture plaque score Change from baseline denture plaque score at 1 month and 3 months after education
Enrollment 52
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: 'Oral and Denture Guide' mobile application

Description: 'Oral and Denture Guide' mobile application provides evidence-based information about cleaning aids and material for dentures, denture care and oral hygiene instructions.

Arm Group Label: Mobile app

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients wearing cobalt-chromium removable partial denture made in the dental laboratory in UKM and delivered by undergraduate students from June 2017 to June 2019 in the Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Malaysia.

2. Patients who own a smart phone with internet access and have been using it within the last six months.

3. Patients aged 25-75 years old.

4. Patients that are literate in English or Malay language.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients who do not wear their removable partial dentures or only wear them occasionally.

2. Patients with a history of denture repair or reline, and those using denture adhesive.

3. Patients with physical or mental disabilities that will impede their ability to perform oral hygiene activities.

4. Patients involved in other oral-health education or oral hygiene maintenance program.

5. Patients who are active smokers.

6. Patients with medical conditions that may affect the gingival health, such as drug-induced gingival hypertrophy or Sjögren syndrome.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 25 Years

Maximum Age: 75 Years

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Ting Khee Ho, MSc Principal Investigator National University of Malaysia
Location
Facility: Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Malaysia
Location Countries

Malaysia

Verification Date

April 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: National University of Malaysia

Investigator Full Name: Ho Ting Khee

Investigator Title: Lecturer and Prosthodontist

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Mobile app

Type: Experimental

Description: Participants in this group is educated using the mobile application

Label: Control

Type: No Intervention

Description: Participants in this group is educated using the conventional method practised in the Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Malaysia (verbal instructions accompanied by demonstrations on dental models)

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Intervention Model Description: Participants are randomly allocated into the intervention group (educated using mobile application) and control group (educated using verbal instructions accompanied by demonstrations on dental models)

Primary Purpose: Prevention

Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Masking Description: The clinician who check the oral index is masked with the group of subjects

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov