Phase I/II Pilot Study of Mixed Chimerism to Treat Inherited Metabolic Disorders

Phase I/II Pilot Study of Mixed Chimerism to Treat Inherited Metabolic Disorders

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Talaris Therapeutics Inc.

Collaborator: Duke University

Source Talaris Therapeutics Inc.
Brief Summary

The goal of this research study is to establish chimerism and avoid graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) in patients with inherited metabolic disorders.

Detailed Description

The objective for the study is to establish chimerism following reduced intensity conditioning with no grade III/IV GVHD. The primary endpoint we will follow is production of the missing enzyme at ≥ 10% of the normal level at day 180 post-transplant in > 90% of patients.

Overall Status Active, not recruiting
Start Date April 2011
Completion Date April 2028
Primary Completion Date April 2025
Phase Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Production of missing enzyme at levels greater than or equal to 10% of normal Day 180 post transplant to three years
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Enriched Hematopoetic Stem Cell Engraftment One month to three years
Enrollment 30
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Biological

Intervention Name: hematopoietic stem cell infusion

Description: Enriched hematopoetic stem cell infusion

Arm Group Label: Inherited Metabolic Disorder Patients

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion criteria: 1. Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of inherited metabolic disorder / inborn error of metabolism. Diagnosis should be confirmed by appropriate test(s) (enzyme and/or mutation analysis) before study entry. Patients must not be eligible for myeloablative chemotherapy as a preparative regimen for transplant due to age, co-morbidities or organ dysfunction. Inborn errors of metabolism / Inherited Metabolic Disorders (IMD) eligible for this study include the following: - Hurler Syndrome (MPS I) - Hurler-Scheie Syndrome with early neurologic involvement and/or sensitization to ERT - Hunter Syndrome (MPS II) - Sanfilippo Syndrome (MPS III) - Krabbe Disease (Globoid Leukodystrophy) - Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (MLD) - Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD and AMN) - Sandhoff Disease - Tay Sachs Disease - Pelizaeus Merzbacher (PMD) - Niemann-Pick Disease - Alpha-mannosidosis 2. Patients must have adequate function of other organ systems as measured by: - Creatinine less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dl and creatinine clearance ≥60 cc/min/1.73m2. Newborns must have a creatinine clearance ≥ 25 cc/min. For babies less than or equal to 3 months of age, the raw value on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) must be ≥ 1 cc/kg/min. - Hepatic transaminases (ALT/AST) 2.5 x normal, bilirubin <2.0mg/dl - Normal cardiac function by echocardiogram or radionuclide scan (ejection fraction or shortening fraction >80% of normal value for age) - Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) demonstrating forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) of ≥50% of predicted for age. If child is too young or unable to perform PFTs, crying vital capacity result of >50% of normal value for age or resting pulse oximeter >92% on room air or clearance by pulmonologist will be required. 3. Patient must have a related donor (identical or mismatched for 1, 2 or 3 Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-A, -B or -DR loci). 4. Patient, and parent, or legal guardian must have given written informed consent according to FDA guidelines. 5. Patients must have a minimum life expectancy of at least 6 months. 6. Female patients of childbearing potential cannot be pregnant or lactating/breast-feeding and must be either surgically sterile, postmenopausal (no menses for the previous 12 months), or must be practicing an effective method of birth control as determined by the investigator (e.g., oral contraceptives, double barrier methods, hormonal injectable or implanted contraceptives, tubal ligation, or partner with vasectomy). 7. There is no upper or lower age limit for this study. Exclusion Criteria 1. Patients with uncontrolled seizures, apnea, evidence of recurrent or uncontrolled aspiration, or need for chronic mechanical ventilation. 2. Patients with allogeneic stem cell transplant with cytoreductive therapy in the past 6 months. 3. Subjects must not have had previous radiation therapy that would preclude total body irradiation (TBI) (as determined by radiation therapist) 4. Uncontrolled infection or severe concomitant diseases, which in the judgment of the Principal Investigator, could not tolerate reduced intensity transplantation. 5. Subjects with a positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody test result 6. Subjects who are pregnant, as indicated by a positive serum human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test 7. Subjects whose only donor is pregnant at the time of intended transplant 8. Subjects of childbearing potential who are not practicing adequate contraception as defined by the investigator at the site 9. Jehovah's witnesses being unwilling to be transfused 10. Patients that have any comorbid condition which, in the view of the Principal Investigators, renders the patient at too high a risk from treatment complications and regimen related morbidity/mortality. 11. Lack of related donors

Gender: All

Minimum Age: N/A

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Suzanne T Ildstad, MD Study Director Talaris Therapeutics Inc.
Location
Facility: Duke University Medical Center
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

October 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access Yes
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: Inherited Metabolic Disorder Patients

Type: Experimental

Description: Recipients are treated with hematopoietic stem cell infusion from living donors

Patient Data Undecided
Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov