Real-world Comparative Effectiveness of Rivaroxaban Versus Low-molecular-weight Heparin (LMWH) and Phenprocoumon for the Treatment and Secondary Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism (RECENT)

Study to Compare the Effectiveness of Rivaroxaban (Xarelto) Versus Low-molecular-weight Heparin (LMWH) and Phenprocoumon for the Treatment and Secondary Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism in Routine Clinical Practice in Germany

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Bayer

Source Bayer
Brief Summary

Researcher in this study want to compare the effectiveness of Rivaroxaban (Xarelto) versus low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and phenprocoumon for the treatment and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism by evaluating routine clinical practice data from research database in Germany. VTE is defined by a blood clot in the leg or lower extremity (deep vein thrombosis) or a blood clot in the lung (pulmonary embolism). Treatment of VTE traditionally consists of acute anticoagulation treatment with heparin (mainly LMWH), followed by maintenance oral anticoagulation with vitamin-K antagonists (in Germany mainly phenprocoumon). Rivaroxaban, a direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOAC), is an alternative VTE treatment and has been approved for both the acute and maintenance phase of VTE treatment. The study will enroll adult male or female patients who are newly diagnosed with VTE and are already on the treatment with Rivaroxaban or LMWH and phenprocoumon. Researchers are especially interested whether patients experience under treatment any VTE events or fatal bleedings.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Start Date July 1, 2020
Completion Date November 30, 2020
Primary Completion Date November 30, 2020
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Risk of recurrent venous thromboembolic (VTE) events in VTE patients treated with rivaroxaban compared to patients treated with LMWH and Phenprocoumon Retrospective data form January 2013 to December 2018
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Risk of fatal bleeding in VTE patients treated with rivaroxaban compared to patients treated with LMWH and Phenprocoumon Retrospective data form January 2013 to December 2018
Enrollment 18000
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Rivaroxaban (Xarelto, BAY 59-7939)

Description: Dosage at the discretion of the treating physician

Arm group label: Rivaroxaban

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: LMWH and Phenprocoumon

Description: Dosage at the discretion of the treating physician

Arm group label: Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and Phenprocoumon

Eligibility

Sampling method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- At least one new diagnosis of VTE during the inclusion period:

- Ambulatory diagnosis, coded as verified,

- Primary hospital discharge diagnosis.

- Secondary hospital discharge diagnosis The quarter of the first VTE diagnosis in the inclusion period will be defined as the index quarter. For hospital diagnoses, the date of admission will be used to define the index quarter.

- The 12 months prior to the index date will define the baseline period for all included patients. Patients treated with anticoagulation regimens other than defined above (e.g. other DOACs) will not be included in the study. All patients will have to fulfill the additional inclusion criteria:

- Continuous enrolment in the baseline period

- ≥ 18 years of age at index date

Exclusion Criteria:

- A verified ambulatory or primary/ secondary hospital discharge diagnosis of VTE in the baseline period;

- A verified ambulatory or primary/ secondary hospital discharge diagnosis of atrial fibrillation in the baseline period; Individuals with documented cardiac valve surgery in the baseline period;

- A verified ambulatory or primary/ secondary hospital discharge diagnosis indicating pregnancy in the baseline period;

- A prescription of any anticoagulation treatment (heparins; vitamin-K antagonists; rivaroxaban; other DOACs) in the baseline period;

- A verified ambulatory or primary/ secondary hospital discharge diagnosis of end-stage kidney disease or a claim for dialysis in the baseline period;

- A prescription of contraindicated drug for rivaroxaban due to drug interactions (i.e. azole antifungals and HIV protease inhibitors) in the 60 days before or on the index date.

- Patients assigned to rivaroxaban exposure groups who were initially treated with a dose strength other than 15 mg or 20 mg per tablet.

Gender: All

Gender based: Yes

Minimum age: 18 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Contact

Last name: Bayer Clinical Trials Contact

Phone: (+)1-888-84 22937

Email: [email protected]

Verification Date

June 2020

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Arm group label: Rivaroxaban

Description: The source population of this study will include all insured members of more than 60 German statutory health insurances (SHIs) contributing data to the InGef database.

Arm group label: Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and Phenprocoumon

Description: The source population of this study will include all insured members of more than 60 German statutory health insurances (SHIs) contributing data to the InGef database.

Patient Data Undecided
Study Design Info

Observational model: Cohort

Time perspective: Retrospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov