State-dependent Pathophysiological Oscillations in Parkinson's Disease and Treatment With DBS Using the Medtronic RC+S

State-dependent Pathophysiological Oscillations in Parkinson's Disease and Treatment With DBS Using the Medtronic RC+S

Patrocinadores

Patrocinador principal: University of Minnesota

Fuente University of Minnesota
Resumen breve

Primary objectives.

The ability of the RC+S to record Local Field Potentials (LFP's) is novel in Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) technology. The primary goals of this project are to use this function of the RC+S to characterize:

1. The state- and target-dependency of neuronal oscillations in the subthalamic nucleus (STN), internal globus pallidus (GPi) or external globus pallidus (GPe) of patients with PD,

2. How these oscillations are altered by levodopa,

3. The effects of unilateral standard clinical isochronal (e.g. 140 Hz) GPi-, GPe-, and STN-DBS on oscillatory activity and its relationship to the presence and severity of parkinsonian motor signs.

These experiments will leverage the capacity to record LFPs from macroelectrodes implanted in either the GPi/GPe or STN using the Medtronic RC+S DBS system. The long-term goal for this project is to develop closed-loop methods for DBS that are state (resting vs. movement) and movement-phase appropriate.

Secondary objectives.

In addition to establishing the relationship between neural oscillations in the STN, GPi and GPe to clinical and quantitative measures of akinesia, bradykinesia, tremor and rigidity, this project will also examine the relationship of neural oscillations to:

1. Levodopa-resistant motor features such as postural instability and gait (including freezing of gait),

2. Response inhibition and impulse control.

Descripción detallada

The Olympus Research System (RC+S) is an implantable pulse generator (IPG) designed to deliver deep brain stimulation (DBS) like a standard clinical neurostimulator, but which allows recordings of local field potential (LFP) activity from the implanted DBS lead.

LFPs are composite electrical signals generated by the brain. They are conventionally divided into frequency bands, as follows: 0-3 Hz (delta), 4-7 Hz (theta), 8-12 Hz (alpha), 13-30 Hz (beta), 31-200 Hz (gamma), and >200 Hz (high frequency). The instantaneous amplitude and power of the LFP recordings are believed to represent the degree of synchronization among neurons surrounding the electrode. A transient increase in power in a particular band, in response to a behavioral event, is called an event-related synchronization (ERS), while a transient decrease in power is called event-related desynchronization (ERD). ERD and ERS are typically calculated by averaging the power across time segments and comparing this average to a reference epoch.

Research staff at the University of Minnesota will follow FDA guidelines for software development for the RC+S.

Estado general Recruiting
Fecha de inicio September 1, 2019
Fecha de Terminación December 31, 2021
Fecha de finalización primaria December 31, 2021
Fase N/A
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Resultado primario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Passive and Active Rigidity Quantification 6-months
Ballistic Elbow Flexion to a Target: Peak Velocity 6-months
Ballistic Elbow Flexion to a Target: Stop Reaction Time 6-months
Rapid Alternating Pronation-Supination Movements: RMS 6-months
Rapid Alternating Pronation-Supination Movements: Freezing Episodes Duration 6-months
Rapid Alternating Pronation-Supination Movements: Freezing Episodes Number 6-months
Gait: Step length 6-months
Gait: Step Time 6-months
Gait: Double Support Time 6-months
Gait: Obstacles 6-months
Gait: Freezing Episodes Duration 6-months
Gait: Freezing Episodes Number 6-months
Inscripción 10
Condición
Intervención

Tipo de intervención: Device

Nombre de intervención: Medtronic RC+S DBS system

Descripción: Implantation of the Medtronic RC+S Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) system

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: Device Implantation

Elegibilidad

Criterios:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis of idiopathic PD.

- Age 45-75 years

- Demonstrated good response (≥ 30%) to Sinemet or dopamine agonist medications as assessed by total UPDRS III score (off and on meds)

- Clinical plan for unilateral STN- or GPi-DBS surgery to treat their clinical motor signs within the next four months

- Written documentation of willingness to participate in the study per protocol as evidenced by the informed consent process

Exclusion Criteria:

- Clinically significant medical disease that would increase the risk of developing pre- or post-operative complications (e.g., major cardiac or pulmonary disease)

- Evidence of secondary or atypical parkinsonism

- Dementia as evidenced by impairment in two neuropsychological domains and impaired or borderline neuropsychological function in one additional domain.

- Unable to undergo MR imaging (e.g., due to incompatible implanted pacemaker)

- Previous pallidotomy or DBS surgery

- Women who are currently pregnant

- MRI brain abnormalities that could indicate a neurological disorder other than idiopathic Lewy body Parkinson's disease.

- Subjects with severe or poorly controlled depression defined according to DSM-V criteria and a scored on a validated depression assessment scale.

- Epilepsy

- Immunocompromised

- Requires diathermy, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to treat a chronic condition

- Has an implanted electronic device such as a neurostimulator, cardiac pacemaker or medication pump.

Género: All

Edad mínima: 45 Years

Edad máxima: 75 Years

Voluntarios Saludables: No

Contacto general

Apellido: Jerrold Vitek, MD PhD

Teléfono: 612-625-5993

Email: [email protected]

Ubicación
Instalaciones: Estado: Contacto: University of Minnesota Jerrold Vitek, MD 612-625-5993 [email protected]
Ubicacion Paises

United States

Fecha de verificación

September 2019

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Sponsor

Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Número de brazos 1
Grupo de brazo

Etiqueta: Device Implantation

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: Implantation of the Medtronic RC+S Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) system

Datos del paciente No
Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: N/A

Modelo de intervención: Single Group Assignment

Propósito primario: Treatment

Enmascaramiento: None (Open Label)

Fuente: ClinicalTrials.gov